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Religion PowerPoint Presentation

Religion

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Religion

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Presentation Transcript

  1. “Religion is the opium of the people” Karl Marx Religion Tony, Callum and Chris

  2. Effects of Cultural Revolution • The Cultural Revolution was an attack on bourgeois values. • It created an onslaught of the priests and churches. • By the end of 1930 80% of churches closed • Lead to 1 in 40 churches open at the end of 1930’s.

  3. What happened to religious faith • In Stalin’s Russia a small number of churches were kept open so that he could claim freedom of worship. • Although by the end of the 1930s only 2% of Orthodox churches were still operating.

  4. Christians and Jews • January 1918, Decree on the separation of church and state- church cannot own land. • More than 8000 killed in anti- church campaign, including 28 bishops and 1215 priests. • In August 1919 Jewish properties, including synagogues, were seized and many Jewish communities were dissolved.

  5. Reaction of the people • Many peasants were angered and believed that they had the right to pursue their own religious beliefs. • Although a few churches were kept open, it was not enough to satisfy the needs of the people.

  6. How did religion change • Worship of Stalin was encouraged. • Communist’s focused on closing churches (Christianity) • Later in 1930’s the communists targeted the Muslim population • Closed down more than half the mosques • Militant Atheists were set up in 1924 to weaken religious faith.

  7. Conclusion • Overall, Religion was repressed in Russia both under the Bolsheviks and under Stalin. • Did so by targeting each religion and banning their places of worship/ other restrictions • As a result, forced the population into being loyal to Stalin