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Religion PowerPoint Presentation

Religion

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Religion

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  1. Religion Michael Klees & Cam Brown

  2. Religion • Definition:a belief system and a set of practices that recognize the existence of a power higher than mankind. • Acts as a powerful shaper of daily life • Eating habits • Dress code • Celebrations • Family practices

  3. Types of Religion • Proselytic: • Always seeking new members to convert • Ethnic: • Focused around a specific ethnic group & doesn’t wish to seek converts • Syncretism: • Combining two or more belief systems • Orthodox: • Emphasis purity of faith

  4. Major Religions • Christianity • Islam • Hinduism • Buddhism • Judaism

  5. Universalizing Religion • Definition: A religion that attempts to appeal to and convert all people • Broken down into Branches, Denominations, and Sects • Branch: Large fundamental divisions within a religion • Denomination: Group of common congregations within a branch • Sect: Small groups who have broken away from a certain denomination

  6. Universalizing Religion (cont.) • Christianity • Roman Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, Methodist, Mormon, Lutheran, Episcopalian, etc. • Buddhism • Islam • Sikhism

  7. Christianity • Largest Universalizing religion • 2 billion followers • Founded by Jesus • 30 C.E. • In Israel • Monotheistic (belief in one God) • Doctrine & Holy Book • 10 Commandments • Bible • Holy Sites • Churches • Jerusalem

  8. Christianity (cont.) • Branches: • Roman Catholic (52%) • Protestant (21%) • Eastern Orthodox (10%) • Other (17%)

  9. Islam • 2nd largest universal religion • 1.3 billion followers • Fastest growing • Founded by Muhammad • 622 C.E. • Middle East • 5 Pillars • Allah is one true God • Pray 5 times a day towards Mecca • Charity • Fast during Ramadan • Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca

  10. Islam (cont.) • Monothesitic • Holy Sites • Mecca • Medina • Jerusalem • Holy Book • Qur'an • Branches • Sunni (83%) • Shiite (16%)

  11. Buddhism • 3rd largest universalizing religions • 400 million followers • Founded by Siddhartha Gautama • 590-600 B.C. • Lumbini, Nepal • Four Noble Truths • All living things must endure suffering • Suffering, which is caused by desire to live, leads to reincarnation • Goal of all existence is to escape from suffering and the endless cycle of reincarnation into Nirvana • Nirvana is attained through an Eight-fold path, which included rightness of belief, resolve, speech, action, livelihood, effort, thought, and meditation • Eightfold Path

  12. Buddhism (cont.) • Holy Sites • 8 religious shrines • Meditation to reach enlightment • Branches: • Mahayana (56%) • Theravada (38%) • Tantrayana (6%)

  13. Ethnic Religions • Definition: A religion that appeals to a specific group of people • Typically found in one or few locations of the world • Not as popular as universalizing religions • Examples • Hinduism • Judaism

  14. Hinduism • Largest Ethnic Religion • 3rd largest religion in the world • 900 million followers • Polytheistic religion (belief in multiple Gods) • Shiva, Vishnu, & Brahma are 3 main Gods • Founded in India • Places of Worship • Temples

  15. Hinduism (cont.) • Law of Karma: all actions produce effects in the future • Dharma: one’s duty in this life, and to strive for harmonious and eternal truth within • Reincarnation: previous acts determine the condition into which a being is reborn in one form or another • Moksha (liberation of the soul)

  16. Judaism • 14 million followers • Known as the parent religion to Christianity • First monotheistic religion • Founded in Palestine(Israel) • Moses led the enslaved Jews from Egypt to Israel • Doctrines & Holy book • Torah (first five chapters of Hebrew bible) • 10 commandments

  17. Judaism (cont.) • Place of worship & symbols • Synagogue • Star of David (six point star) • Branches • Orthodox • Original teachings of Judaism • Reform • Developed to try and fit to the modern times • Conservative • Most recent and moderate branch of Judaism