china in the middle ages n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
China in the Middle Ages PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
China in the Middle Ages

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

China in the Middle Ages - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 191 Views
  • Uploaded on

China in the Middle Ages. Mr. Ermer World History Honors Miami Beach Senior High. China: Rise of the Tang Dynasty. After the Han collapse; China ruled by many warlords Sui Dynasty reunites China, rules for 34 years Tang Dynasty succeeds Sui as rulers of united China

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'China in the Middle Ages' - bertha


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
china in the middle ages

China in the Middle Ages

Mr. Ermer

World History Honors

Miami Beach Senior High

china rise of the tang dynasty
China: Rise of the Tang Dynasty
  • After the Han collapse; China ruled by many warlords
    • Sui Dynasty reunites China, rules for 34 years
  • Tang Dynasty succeeds Sui as rulers of united China
    • 618 CE: Emperor Li Shimin takes advantage of Sui disorder
    • Expands Tang Empire into Inner Asia (Tang were ethnically Turkic)
      • Defeated by Abbasid Arabs at Battle of Talas River, expansion ends
    • Nobility exercises regional power, decentralized organizational structure
    • Continued Han-style civil service exam for bureaucrats
    • Respected Inner Asian cultures
    • Confucian philosophy of state
the tang empire
The Tang Empire
  • After Han collapse, Buddhist state cults proliferate in Inner Asia and northern China
    • Mahayana Buddhism and the role of kings—bodhisattvas
    • Fostered language learning, invigorated travel/cultural exchange
  • Tang princes enlist the help of monasteries
    • Tax exemptions, land privileges, gifts for loyalty and support
    • Tang emperors target monasteries as political threats
  • Tang capital, Chang’an, is center of communication & trade
    • Decentralized system allows for Tibetan and Uighur
  • Grand Canal connects Chang’an to vast transit network
    • Link between northern capital and southern port cities (Canton)
      • Transportation crucial to sustaining the Tang tributary system
      • Spread of information, goods, people, and disease (bubonic plague)
    • Turkic style and culture influences Chinese (pants, polo, wine)
      • Uighurs (Turkic Inner Asians) control area around Tarim River
  • Tibetan Buddhistkingdom dominates Himalayas
    • Tibetan kings follow Tang lead to diminish monastic power
    • Monks overthrow king, royal authority passes to monasteries
tang repression collapse
Tang Repression & Collapse
  • Buddhism attacked for weakening Confucian order
    • Also for empowering women—Empress Wu Zhao
      • Claims to be bodhisattva—favors Buddhism & Daoism
      • Wu discredited by later Chinese officials and historians
    • Buddhism seen as barbaric, weakened secular authority
  • Defeat at Talas River weaken military loyalty, funding cut
  • Rebellions weaken power of Tang emperors
    • An Lushan’s rebellion (755-757) strengthens regional governors
    • Huang Chao’s rebellion (879-881), violence against non-Chinese
      • Destabilized Tang authority, ruled in name only afterward
  • 907: Tang Dynasty terminated
    • Three new states emerge:
      • Liao: Northern, Mahayana Buddhist Khitan nomads related to the Mongols
      • Tanggut: Buddhists related to Tibetans, modeled after the Tang
      • Song Empire: Chinese/Confucian, expanded from Central Asia from 960
song china
Song China
  • Song Chinese make many technological, scientific advancements, especially in astronomy
    • Mechanical clock, chain driven machines, water wheels
    • Adapt the magnetic compass for seafaring (fixed needle, glass case)
      • The Chinese junk ship promotes maritime trade/exploration
    • Song Chinese discover gunpowder
  • Neo-Confucianism
    • Sage: one who preserves mental stability/peace, while solving probs.
    • Zen Buddhism rises as counter to Neo-Confucianism
    • Women subordinated by Confucian men, minimally educated
      • Foot-binding becomes status symbol
  • Adoption of moveable type printing from Korea
  • Growing population prompts new to deal with crowded cities
  • Issuance of paper money
emergence of east asia
Emergence of East Asia
  • The Liao Empire (916-1121)
    • Pastoralism provided military & economic base
    • Culturally heterogeneous, diversity allowed
      • Allied with the Song, received tributes of money & silk from Song emperors
    • Kings legitimized as Buddhist bodhisattvas
    • Overthrown by the Jurchens in 1125—Jin Empire established
      • Jin Empire attacks Song China, conquer Jin lands north of Yellow River
  • Vietnam
    • Annam adopts Chinese values in Tang era, assumes name Dai Viet after Tang
    • Rival state of Champa in south nurtures fast-maturing Champa rice
      • Champa rice highly prized in China
japan korea
Japan & Korea
  • Korea
    • Only southern 20% suitable for agriculture
    • Silla kingdom dominates with Tang support, collapses with Tang
    • Koryo kingdom rises, allies with Song China—Buddhist
      • Pioneers printing technology—woodblock printing
  • Japan
    • Collection of islands with limited farmland, mountains
    • Adopt Chinese building style, Mahayana Buddhism
      • No Mandate of Heaven, imperial dynasty never changes, tennohas little power, rather the prime minister and Shinto religious leaders exercise real power
    • Fujiwara family protects tenno emperors with Confucian dicipline
      • Warriors left to rule towns, civil war erupts between warrior clans
    • Warfare brings decentralized Kamakura Shogunate
      • Fujiwara nobleman lose power to new warrior elite
japanese class system

Japanese Class System

TheEmperor

Farmers

The Shogun

Artisans

The Daimyo

Merchants

The Samurai

Eta

The Ronin