When Your Body Hurts… Fears, Myths & the Truth about Pain Agenda What is pain How many people have it What causes it Barriers to effective treatment Assessing & treating pain Consequences of unrelieved pain Where to get more information What Is Pain?
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Fears, Myths & the Truth about Pain
“Pain is what the person says it is and exists whenever he or she says it does.”
-Margo McCaffery, RN, MS, FAAN
“…an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage.”
In other words, pain is any sensation that hurts.
BreakthroughTypes of Pain
TinglingCommon Words Used to Describe Pain
“…within the past year three in every four Americans surveyed (76%) either personally have experienced chronic or recurrent pain themselves or have a close family member or friend who has suffered from chronic pain.”
“Whatever affects one directly, affects us all indirectly.”
-Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
“Human health does not depend only on treatment by physicians. Social & political circumstances profoundly influence the health & well-being of all people.”
-American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ethics Charter, 2003
Myths and Fears
Associated with Pain
“Reflection on the meaning of pain and the meaning of nursing's responsibility to respond to pain is a challenging endeavor.”
-Betty J. Ferrell, PhD, FAAN
Numeric Rating Scale
painVisual Analog and Numeric Rating Scales
“In the depth of winter, I finally learned that there was within me an invincible summer.”
Long & Short Acting Medicines
Concerns about Safety
Need Professional Help to Learn or Do Addiction
Practice on Your Own
Rhythmic breathingWork w/ Trained Professional & on Your Own
“Pain is a more terrible lord of mankind than even death itself.”
-Albert Schweitzer, MD
Cleeland, C.S. (1989). Measurement of pain by subjective report. In: Chapman CR, Loeser JD, editors. Issues in Pain Measurement. Advances in Pain Research and Therapy, 12, 391-403. New York: Raven Press.
Alliance of State Pain Initiatives Quality of Life
American Cancer Society
Toll free: (800) ACS-2345
American Pain Foundation
Toll free: (888) 615-PAIN (7246)
Texas Cancer Info
Texas Pain Advocacy & Information Network
Texas Partnership for End-of-Life Care
Texas Pain Society
http://www.texaspain.org/For More Information