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Allied Response

Allied Response

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Allied Response

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  1. Allied Response Battles of WWII

  2. European Theater

  3. Battle of the Atlantic • Fight for control of the seas • Important for trade • German used U-Boats to sink hundreds of Allied ships • Defense: Allied Convoy system

  4. Allied Convoy System

  5. Battle of Britain • England now led by Winston Churchill • “ We shall defend our island whatever the cost may be; we shall fight on beaches, in fields, in streets, and on the hills. We shall never surrender…” • British Royal Air Force (RAF) defeated German Luftwaffe (German air force) using new technology called radar • German performed numerous air raids, killing thousands of civilians; also tried to terrorize them with fear • *England stops a German invasion • http://www.history.com/interactives/inside-wwii-interactive

  6. Stalingrad, 1942 • Germany breaks non-aggression pact • Germany invades Soviet Union; blitzkrieg (lightning war) • Want Stalingrad, an industrial city • Bloodiest battle of the war • Germany can’t beat the Russian winter; Soviets hold • Germany surrenders and is pushed back • Turning point!!!

  7. Stalingrad

  8. North Africa: Operation Torch • Important for control of Mediterranean Sea (shipping) • Germany led by Erwin Rommel- “Desert Fox” • Back and forth fighting • America joins the war, and Dwight D. Eisenhower leads U.S troops in Africa • Allied Victory • Stalin wants a second front in Europe to help his army out, but such an invasion would take at least a year to plan

  9. Operation Overlord (D-Day) • Careful planning to choose invasion location : Normandy • Led by Eisenhower • June 6, 1944- Allied troops invade France • Airborne attack at midnight: men parachute behind German lines • Amphibious attack in the morning ( largest in history) • 160,000 troops, 12,000 planes, 7,000 landing vessels • Strong German defenses: bunkers, mines, long-range artillery, walls, barbed wire • High casualty rate, but an overall success • Took Paris by August

  10. Pacific Theater

  11. Island Hopping Campaign • Go from island to island across the Pacific until Japan is reached • Amphibious landings • Cut Japan off from supply routes

  12. Island Hopping

  13. The Philippines • General MacArthur led American and Filipino troops • Defense position on the Bataan peninsula, but running out of food and supplies. Not granted reinforcements • MacArthur order to leave; “I shall return.” • The rest are forced to surrender

  14. Bataan Death March Allied troops forced to walk 80 miles to a POW camp Physical abuse, no food, no water Those who dropped were beaten or killed 10,000-20,000 of the 72,000 died A Japanese war crime http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/bataandeathmarch.htm

  15. Coral Sea, May 1942 • 1st battle done by carrier-based aircraft • Both sides took heavy losses • *First major Allied victory in Pacific

  16. Battle at Midway, June 3-6, 1942 • U.S broke Japanese code and knew their plan to attack Midway on June 3 • Admiral Nimitz carefully placed aircraft carriers to await Japanese air attacks • Allies could gauge each Japanese move • Turning Point: halted Japanese advance and greatly destroyed their fleet

  17. Iwo Jima, Feb. 1945 • First time attacking a Japanese island • Well fortified with bunkers and underground tunnels • Heavy fighting; Japanese fought to the death • Famous for the flag-raising photo

  18. Iwo Jima