Chapter 3-2 New England Colonies. 3-2 Religious Freedom. Religious freedom pushed the next wave of settlers to N. America People unhappy w/ Anglican church dissented or disagreed w/ the church Catholics for example were persecuted, or treated harshly, for their beliefs
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3-2 Religious Freedom • Religious freedom pushed the next wave of settlers to N. America • People unhappy w/ Anglican church dissented or disagreed w/ the church • Catholics for example were persecuted, or treated harshly, for their beliefs • Protestants that want to reform the church were Puritans while Separatists want to break away
3-2 Pilgrims • Separatists that made an agreement w/ the Virginia Company to set out on a religious journey • Mayflower – 1620 pilgrims = 35 of 102 on the journey the rest were known as strangers • Landed North of Virginia in Plymouth • Led by William Bradford • Wrote their own set of laws and pledged allegiance to England in the Mayflower Compacta form of rep. gov.
3-2 Native American Help • ½ died in the first winter • Squanto and Samoset gave aide to the Pilgrims • Squanto knew English after being kidnapped and taken to Europe • S&S helped the Pilgrims make a treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoag
3-2 Massachusetts • 1625 Charles I becomes King and persecution of Puritans increases • 1629 Puritans form Massachusetts Bay Company • Receive a charter to settle north of Plymouth • 1630 John Winthrop chosen as governor • Leads 900 to Mass. Bay and settle Boston • Great Migration – 1630’s 15000 Puritans journey to Mass. • General Court established as a form of rep gov • Toleration - Puritans persecute people with different beliefs
3-2 Connecticut • 1630’s colonists begin to settle south of Mass. b/c of fertile land • 1636 Thomas Hookerled his congregation to Connecticut and founded Hartford • 1639 – Hartford, Windsor, Wethersford form the Colony of Connecticut • 1639 - Fundamental Orders of Connecticut adapted and becomes the first written constitution and fully described rep. gov.
3-2 Rhode Island • Established by colonists that were forced out of Mass. • Roger Williamsfelt people should not be persecuted and gov. has no right to interfere with religion • Also felt land should not be taken away from Native Americans • 1635 banished • 1644 receives a charter and establishes a colony called Rhode Island and Providence Plantation
3-2 New Hampshire • 1638 – John Wheelwright followed William’s example • Leads a group north and establishes the town of Exeter in New Hampshire • 1679 – New Hampshire becomes independent of Mass.
3-2 Native American Conflict • Caused by settlers moving out into lands w/ out permission or payment • 1636 – War erupts in Mass. And Conn. With Pequot • 1675 – King Phillip’s war (Metacomet) leader of the Wampanoag • Colonists win and end the Native American power in New England and are free to expand