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Figurative Language

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Figurative Language. Figurative Language. Describing something by comparing it with something else Language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to create new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject Common examples are simile, metaphor, and alliteration. Simile.

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Presentation Transcript
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Figurative Language
  • Describing something by comparing it with something else
  • Language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to create new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject
  • Common examples are simile, metaphor, and alliteration
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Simile
  • A direct comparison between two unlike things, using the words “like” or “as”
  • Example: Kobe Bryant is as tall
  • as a giraffe
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Simile
  • A direct comparison between two unlike things, using the words like or as
  • Example: He was as brave as a lion

Examples:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KfeqRTMBm5A

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Metaphor
  • A comparison between two relatively unlike things that uses “IS”, “WAS”, or “ARE” to compare the two things
  • The comparison is NOT made by using like or as
  • Example: Their house was a prison
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Metaphor
  • Example: The world is a stage
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Alliteration
  • Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words
  • Used to create melody, draw attention to important words, and point out similarities and contrasts
  • Example: Wide-eyed and wondering while we wait for others to waken
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Alliteration
  • Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words

Example:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U97lbv0_A2I

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Onomatopoeia
  • The use of words that mimic or imitate the sound they describe
  • Appeal to our sense of hearing and they help bring a description to life
  • Example: Caarackle! ‘Knock-Knock, Cuckoo, achoo, hiss, oink, bang
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Onomatopoeia
  • A word that imitates the sound it represents

Examples:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q-BVwwKTjlI

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQYU8UEgudQ

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Hyperbole
  • An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect
  • Not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point
  • Example: I’ve said that a million times.
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Symbolism
  • Anything in literature that stands for or represents something else
  • Example: The sun symbolizes hope; the night symbolizes fear
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personification
  • The attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions
  • Example: “The tree reached out its fragile fingers and touched the sky”.
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irony
  • A contrast or discrepancy between what is said and what is meant, or between what happens and what is expected to happen
  • Example: “An ambulance driver rushes to the scene of an accident, only to run the victim over”.
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imagery
  • Involves description of one or more of your five senses (hearing, taste, touch, smell, sight)
  • When an author uses a word or phrase to stimulate your memory of those senses

Example: “I lay still and took another minute to smell: I smelled the warm, sweet, all-pervasive smell of the sour, dirty laundry spilling over the basket in the hall. I could pick out the overwhelming smell of Claire’s sweaty feet, stale perfume, and her hair crusted with sand”. 

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