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Disease and Pest Protection:. Organic Hand picking and squishing/soapy water bowl Protective Bags Orchard Sanitation Companion Plants Beneficial insects Organic Sprays. Spraying. Kaolin clay Compost tea Hot pepper mixture Blend hot peppers, garlic, onions in a gallon of water

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disease and pest protection
Disease and Pest Protection:

Organic

  • Hand picking and squishing/soapy water bowl
  • Protective Bags
  • Orchard Sanitation
  • Companion Plants
  • Beneficial insects
  • Organic Sprays
spraying
Spraying
  • Kaolin clay
  • Compost tea
  • Hot pepper mixture
    • Blend hot peppers, garlic, onions in a gallon of water
  • Homemade fungicides
    • 4 teaspoons of baking soda or apple cider vinegar
    • ½ tablespoon of Citrus oil
    • ½ tablespoon of molasses
    • One gallon of water

*spray lightly, test a small area for the first couple of days

orchard sanitation
Orchard Sanitation
  • Prune off infected areas quickly
    • Do not compost
    • Sanitize pruners between each cut
  • Cleanly prune any dead/broken branches
  • Prune open canopy to allow more sunshine and circulation
  • Water the soil rather than the tree
  • Clean up leaves at the base
    • Shred into a mulch, compost, or rake away
  • Remove/compost all rotting fruit from the ground and tree
animal protection birds
Animal Protection: Birds
  • Hanging shiny and/or noise making objects
    • CDs
    • Soda cans
    • Wind chimes
  • Netting Structures
  • Protective fruit bags
animal protection squirrels
Animal Protection: Squirrels
  • Humane Traps
  • Hot pepper Sprays
  • Nets
animal protection deer
Animal Protection: Deer
  • Deer Guards and Deer Fences
  • Hot pepper Sprays
  • Repellents
    • hair, dryer sheets, liquid fence
animal protection rodents
Animal Protection: Rodents

Rats:

  • Install a smooth surface wrap around the base of the trunk at least a foot high

Rabbits:

  • Paint the base of the trunk with white latex paint mixed with Thiram (a distasteful but harmless fungus)
harvesting1
Harvesting
  • Most fruit ripens on tree
    • Color
    • Softness
    • Ease of separation
    • Fruit drop
    • Smell
  • Some fruit needs or can be picked unripe (European Pears)
    • Store in a paper bag
    • Store in a dark area at room temperature

* European Pears need a chill period at 30 degrees for 1-7 days before storage

  • Tools
    • Harvesting pole
    • Harvesting Ladder

*always pick ripe fruit before it rots!

additional resources
Additional Resources
  • Josh Singer
    • Jsinger@caseytrees.org
  • Fruit Tree Network
    • FruitTreeNetwork@googlegroups.com