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Breeds of Beef Cattle. Northeastern Agricultural Education Mr. Caffee. Angus. Originated in Scotland Solid black in color Naturally polled Consumer preference led to Certified Angus Beef. Hereford. Originated in Hereford, England Red with white head, legs, and underline Horned

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breeds of beef cattle

Breeds of Beef Cattle

Northeastern Agricultural Education

Mr. Caffee

angus
Angus
  • Originated in Scotland
  • Solid black in color
  • Naturally polled
  • Consumer preference led to Certified Angus Beef
hereford
Hereford
  • Originated in Hereford, England
  • Red with white head, legs, and underline
  • Horned
  • Early maturing
  • “Mothering” breed
polled hereford
Polled Hereford
  • Developed in Iowa by Warren Gammon
  • Naturally hornless
  • Red with white face, legs and underline
shorthorn
Shorthorn
  • Originated in England
  • Red; red & white or roan in color
  • Originally used as a dual purpose breed for meat and milk
  • Sometimes called the Durham breed
simmental
Simmental
  • Originated in Switzerland
  • Oldest breed of cattle in the world
  • Large, powerful breed
  • Brought to the United States in 1971
  • Orange/Yellow and white to black in color
gelbvieh
Gelbvieh
  • Originated in Germany
  • Red in color
  • Noted for superior fertility and mothering ability
  • Tend to be extra fleshy under the throat
charolais
Charolais
  • Originated in France
  • Traditionally white in color
  • Long bodied, large cattle
  • Heavily muscled
  • Coarse looking
maine anjou
Maine Anjou
  • Originated in France
  • Dark red with white markings or black
  • Developed by crossing the Mancelle breed with the Shorthorn breed
chianina
Chianina
  • Originated in Italy
  • One of the oldest breeds of cattle
  • Tallest breed of beef cattle
  • Short hair that is white to steel gray
  • Terminal breed
  • Low milk production
salers
Salers
  • Originated in France
  • Fastest growing breed in the United States
  • Mahogany red to black in color
  • One of the last breeds to be imported into the United States
brahman
Brahman
  • Originated in India
  • Able to survive on very little, poor feed
  • Insect & heat resistant
  • Excess skin and large hump on back
  • White to gray, red to black
  • Sweat glands
santa gertrudis
Santa Gertrudis
  • Developed on the King Ranch in Texas
  • All Santa Gertrudis are descendants of the bull, Monkey
  • They were created by crossing shorthorn cows and Brahman bulls
texas longhorn
Texas Longhorn
  • Developed entirely by nature in North America
  • Known for its long horns
  • High fertility
  • Were near extinction in 1927