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Breeds of Beef Cattle Oak Harbor Agricultural Education Mr. Louis Damschroder Angus Originated in Scotland Solid black in color Naturally polled Excellent carcasses Consumer preference led to Certified Angus Beef Hereford Originated in Hereford, England

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breeds of beef cattle

Breeds of Beef Cattle

Oak Harbor Agricultural Education

Mr. Louis Damschroder

angus
Angus
  • Originated in Scotland
  • Solid black in color
  • Naturally polled
  • Excellent carcasses
  • Consumer preference led to Certified Angus Beef
hereford
Hereford
  • Originated in Hereford, England
  • Red with white head, legs, and underline
  • Horned
  • Early maturing
  • “Mothering” breed
polled hereford
Polled Hereford
  • Developed in Iowa by Warren Gammon
  • Naturally hornless
  • Red with white face, legs and underline
  • Gentle to handle
shorthorn
Shorthorn
  • Originated in England
  • Red; red & white or roan in color
  • Originally used as a dual purpose breed for meat and milk
simmental
Simmental
  • Originated in Switzerland
  • Oldest breed of cattle in the world
  • Large, powerful breed-gentle
  • Brought to the United States in 1971
  • Orange/Yellow and white to black in color
gelbvieh
Gelbvieh
  • Originated in Germany
  • Red in color
  • Noted for superior fertility and mothering ability
charolais
Charolais
  • Originated in France
  • Traditionally white in color
  • Long bodied, large cattle
  • Heavily muscled
  • Fast growth rates
maine anjou
Maine Anjou
  • Originated in France
  • Dark red with white markings or black
  • Developed by crossing the Mancelle breed with the Shorthorn breed
chianina
Chianina
  • Originated in Italy
  • One of the oldest breeds of cattle
  • Tallest breed of beef cattle, HUGE size.
  • Short hair that is white to steel gray
  • Up to 4000 pounds
  • Low milk production
salers
Salers
  • Originated in France
  • Fastest growing breed in the United States
  • Mahogany red to black in color
  • One of the last breeds to be imported into the United States
brahman
Brahman
  • Originated in India
  • Able to survive on very little, poor feed
  • Insect & heat resistant
  • Excess skin and large hump on back
  • White to gray, red to black
  • Sweat glands
santa gertrudis
Santa Gertrudis
  • Developed on the King Ranch in Texas
  • Hybrid-both heat tolerant and good carcasses.
  • They were created by crossing shorthorn cows and Brahman bulls
texas longhorn
Texas Longhorn
  • Developed entirely by nature in North America
  • Known for its long horns
  • High fertility
  • Were near extinction in 1927
  • “Meatless Wonders”
  • Origin Spain