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Beef Cattle Breeds. By: Erin Bosch Topic 3082A, B. Development of Breeds. Many breeds originated in Europe Selection for breeds was practiced in British Isles Began in late 1700s Most desirable traits were kept Those without desired traits were culled (removed) from herd

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beef cattle breeds

Beef Cattle Breeds

By: Erin Bosch

Topic 3082A, B

development of breeds
Development of Breeds
  • Many breeds originated in Europe
  • Selection for breeds was practiced in British Isles
    • Began in late 1700s
  • Most desirable traits were kept
    • Those without desired traits were culled (removed) from herd
  • Newer breeds develop in 20th century in U.S.
  • Exotic breeds became popular in 60s and 70s
angus history
Angus History
  • Official name: Aberdeen-Angus
    • Originated in Scotland, in shires of Aberdeen and Angus
  • Earliest written records of Angus breeds in 1700s
  • In 1862, the first herdbook of Angus was published
  • First imports of Angus to U.S. was in 1873
  • Today, Angus breeds are found in every state
angus description
Angus Description
  • Black color
  • Smooth hair
  • Polled
  • Have well-marbled meat
  • Alert
  • Vigorous
charolais history
Charolais History
  • Oldest French breed of beef cattle
  • Developed around Charolles in central France
  • Charolais started to be imported in 1930
    • First to Mexico, then from Mexico to Texas
charolais description
Charolais Description
  • White to light straw color with pink skin
  • Heavily muscled breed
  • Mature cows weigh 1500-1800 lbs
  • Mature bulls weight 2000-2500 lbs
  • Most are naturally horned, with white horns
  • Well adapted to most areas
  • Used for many cross-breeding programs
chianina history
Chianina History
  • Originated in Chiana Valley, Italy
  • One of oldest breeds of Italy and probably the world
  • Chianina semen was imported to U.S. in 1971
chianina description
Chianina Description
  • Original breed was white with a black switch
  • Skin pigment is black
  • High heat tolerant
  • Gentle
  • Bulls can weigh up to 4,000 lbs
  • Cows can weigh up to 2,400 lbs
  • Have fine-textured meat
devon history
Devon History
  • Originated in Devon and Somerset of SW England
  • Old breed of cattle
  • Brought to U.S. in 1623 by colonists
  • Used for milk, beef, ox teams and leather
  • Devon herdbook was started in 1850
devon description
Devon Description
  • Rich red in color
  • Yellow skin
  • White, black tipped horns
  • Polled Devons are from a mutation from 1915
  • Long and moderately deep body
  • High heat tolerance and adaptable to many climates
devon
Devon

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/cattle/

hereford history
Hereford History
  • Originate in Hereford, England
  • Early breeds were selected for high yield of beef
  • First purebred Hereford was started in 1840 in U.S.
  • Breed became popular in U.S. in 1870
hereford description
Hereford Description
  • White faces and red bodies
  • White on belly, legs and switch
  • Docile and easily handled
  • Produce more calves than any other breed in adverse conditions
  • Horned
  • Superior foragers and hardiness
brahman history
Brahman History
  • Developed in southwest US from imported breeds of India
  • Early breeds were selected for hardiness
  • Ability to produce in southwest climate was also selected for
  • Used in development of newer breeds of cattle
brahman description
Brahman Description
  • Light gray or red to almost black color
  • Most common color is light to medium gray
  • Characteristic hump over the shoulders
  • Loose skin, called the dewlap, under the throat
  • Large drooping ears
  • Have high heat tolerance
  • Resistant to disease and insects