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Beef Cattle Breeds. Identification & Characteristics. Angus. Origin – Scotland Color – Black P/H – Polled Characteristics 2 nd most popular, Resistant to pink eye Superior carcass Not as rugged as others. Barzona. Origin – US - Arizona Color – Red P/H – either Characteristics

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beef cattle breeds

Beef Cattle Breeds

Identification & Characteristics

angus
Angus
  • Origin – Scotland
  • Color – Black
  • P/H – Polled
  • Characteristics
    • 2nd most popular,
    • Resistant to pink eye
    • Superior carcass
    • Not as rugged as others
barzona
Barzona
  • Origin – US - Arizona
  • Color – Red
  • P/H – either
  • Characteristics
    • (1/4) Africander, Hereford, Shorthorn, & Angus
    • Good fertility, rate of gain, mothering, hardiness, resistant to pink eye
    • Medium size, long head
beefalo
Beefalo
  • Origin –
  • Color – variety
  • P/H –
  • Characteristics
    • cross of (3/8) bison/buffalo & (5/8) any breed of cattle
    • Hardiness, calving ease, meat quality (buffalo)
    • Fertility, milking ability, handling ease (beef)
beef master
Beef Master
  • Origin – US (TX)
  • Color – red, variety
  • P/H – polled
  • Characteristics
    • Hereford, Brahman, Shorthorn
belted galloway
Belted Galloway
  • Origin – Scotland
  • Color – Black Grey, white belt
  • P/H – polled
  • Characteristics
    • Similar to the Galloway
      • Larger
      • More milk
      • Grow more rapidly
blonde d aquitaine
Blonde D’Aquitaine
  • Origin – France
  • Color – blonde, light yellow
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Used as draft
    • Use for meat and milk
brahman
Brahman
  • Origin – India
  • Color – variety
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Sacred cattle of India
    • Large drooping ears
    • Excess skin
brahman crosses
Brahman Crosses
  • Braford
  • Brahmousine
  • Braler
  • Brangus
  • Charbray
  • Simbrah
  • Gelbray
brangus
Brangus
  • Origin – US
  • Color – black
  • P/H – polled
  • Characteristics
    • Resistant to pink eye
    • Good milkers
    • Good carcass
brown swiss
Brown Swiss
  • Origin – Switzerland
  • Color – chocolate
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Dosile
    • Raised for milk & beef
    • Crossed with Angus
charolais
Charolais
  • Origin – France
  • Color – white, cream
  • P/H – Horned
  • Characteristics
    • Long bodied
    • Good milkers
    • 3rd most popular
    • Larger in size
    • Muscular
chianina
Chianina
  • Origin: Italy
  • Color: white to steel gray
  • P/H: horned
  • Characteristics:
    • One of the oldest breeds of cattle
    • Tallest breed of beef cattle
    • Short hair
    • Terminal breed
    • Low milk production
corriente
Corriente
  • Origin – Spain
  • Color – any except pure white
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Milk, draft, meat
    • Hardy
devon
Devon
  • Origin – England
  • Color – rich red, dark red preferred
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Adequate milk production
    • Genetic Tool
      • Fertility
      • Calving ease
      • Docility
      • Hardiness
      • Adapt to temperature extremes
galloway
Galloway
  • Origin – Scotland
  • Color – dark
  • P/H – polled
  • Characteristics
    • Wavy hair
    • Hardy
    • Easy calvers
    • Docile
    • Courageous
gelbvieh
Gelbvieh
  • Origin – Germany
  • Color – red/red spotted
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Strong skin pigmentation
    • Superior fertility, calving ease, mothering ability
hays converter
Hays Converter
  • Origin – Canada by Senator Hays
  • Color – Black w/ white face & underline
  • P/H – Horned
  • Characteristics
    • Hardiness –cold winters
    • Fast fleshing ability
    • Calving ease
    • Large milk production
    • Hardiness – cold climates
    • Excellent carcass
    • Sound feet & legs
hereford
Hereford
  • Origin: Hereford, England
  • Color: Red w/ white head, legs, and underline
  • P/H: Horned
  • Characteristics:
    • Early maturing
    • “Mothering” breed
    • Meat: trimmer, less fat, more red meat
limousin
Limousin
  • Origin – France
  • Color – golden red
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Larger
    • Rough coat
    • Hardy
lincoln red
Lincoln Red
  • Origin – United Kingdom
  • Color – deep red
  • P/H – either
  • Characteristics
    • Early maturing
    • Easy calvers
    • Not prone to eye cancer or sunburn
    • Large frame or rapid growth
longhorn texas
Longhorn (Texas)
  • Origin – North America – survival of the fittest
  • Color –
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Developed entirely by nature in North America
    • High fertility
    • Hardy, aggressive, adaptable
    • Easy calving
maine anjou
Maine Anjou
  • Origin: France
  • Color: Dark red with white markings or black
  • P/H: Horned
  • Characteristics:
    • Cross: Mancelle & Shorthorn
    • Well muscled
    • Easy fattening
marchigiana
Marchigiana
  • Origin: Italy
  • Color: white to steel gray
  • P/H: horned
  • Characteristics
    • Large, muscular
    • Mature early
    • High feed efficiency
murray grey
Murray Grey
  • Origin: Australia
  • Color: silver – grey, grey
  • P/H: polled
  • Characteristics:
    • Mothering ability
    • Low birth weight
    • Efficient growth rate
    • Meat: high cutability
normande
Normande
  • Origin – France
  • Color – mahogany & white or black & white
  • P/H – ?
  • Characteristics
    • Rings around eyes
    • Dual purpose breeds
    • Clean fronted, strong topline
norwegian red
Norwegian Red
  • Origin: Norway
  • Color: rust red and white
  • P/H: horned
  • Characteristics:
    • Abundant milk production
    • Excellent feed conversion
    • Good carcass
piedmontese
Piedmontese
  • Origin – Italy
  • Color – white to pale grey
  • P/H – ?
  • Characteristics
    • Most popular breed in Italy
    • Tender, lean beef
    • 80% double muscled
    • Calving ease
    • Good milk yield
    • Docile
pinzgauer
Pinzgauer
  • Origin: Austria
  • Color: chestnut red w/ white markings
  • P/H: either
  • Characteristics:
    • Pigmented skin
    • Maternal instinct
    • High fertility
polled hereford
Polled Hereford
  • Origin: Iowa by Warren Gammon
  • Color: Red with white face, legs and underline
  • P/H: polled
  • Characteristics
    • Mutation of Hereford
    • Similar traits to Hereford
red angus
Red Angus
  • Origin – US
  • Color – Red
  • P/H – Polled
  • Characteristics
    • Similar to Angus
    • Deep fronted
red poll
Red Poll
  • Origin – England
  • Color – red
  • P/H – polled
  • Characteristics
    • Dual purposes
    • Well muscled
salers
Salers
  • Origin – France
  • Color – deep cherry, white switch
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Fastest growing breed in the United States
    • Most genetically pure of European breeds
santa gertrudis
Santa Gertrudis
  • Origin – King Ranch - TX
  • Color –
  • P/H –
  • Characteristics
    • descendants of the bull, Monkey
    • Cross: 5/8 shorthorn cows and 3/8 Brahman bulls
shorthorn
Shorthorn
  • Origin: England
  • Color: Red, white, roan
  • P/H: Horned
  • Characteristics:
    • Originally used as a dual purpose breed for meat and milk (Milking Shorthorn)
    • Short & refined
    • Inward curving horns
simmental
Simmental
  • Origin – Switzerland
  • Color – Orange/Yellow and white to black
  • P/H –
  • Characteristics
    • Oldest breed of cattle in the world
    • Large, powerful breed
south devon
South Devon
  • Origin – England
  • Color – light brown to red
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Largest of British breeds
    • Heavy milkers
tarentaise
Tarentaise
  • Origin – France
  • Color – cherry to dark blonde
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • Larger breed
    • Thick neck
white park
White Park
  • Origin – England
  • Color – white, black/red pigmentation; black ears, eyes, nose, feet, tail
  • P/H – horned
  • Characteristics
    • excellent milking ability