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Breeds of Beef Cattle. An excellent resource is http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds exhibiting 258 breeds (use google, search for: breeds of livestock)/. Longhorn. Longhorn helped tame the west, and were the predominant first cattle in the US. Hardy but tough (in every way).

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breeds of beef cattle

Breeds of Beef Cattle

An excellent resource is

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds

exhibiting 258 breeds

(use google, search for: breeds of livestock)/

longhorn
Longhorn

Longhorn helped tame the west, and were the predominant first cattle in the US. Hardy but tough (in every way).

british beef breeds
British Beef Breeds
  • Three breeds known as the British beef breeds predominated in the US before 1960.
  • Almost all beef were HEREFORD, ANGUS or SHORTHORN.
  • All known for good eating and fattening characteristics.
slide5
Angus are BLACK (or red), are naturally polled, and have

excellent muscle quality, marbling and grading well. Angus

are naturally polled (without horns).

hereford horned9
Hereford - Horned

Herefords are red with white face, underline and socks.

They are hardy, and grade well. They were the most

predominant breed for many years, before “exotics”.

hereford old
An animal fitted

for show, many

years ago.

Hereford (old)
slide14
Some naturally polled Herefords were used to start the Polled

Hereford breed. This animal at the Indiana Bull Test Station.

shorthorn
Shorthorn

Shorthorn were never as popular as Hereford or Angus, in the

US. They fatten well. They can be red, white, or roan.

red angus
Red Angus

A mutation from black Angus resulted in Red Angus.

beef friesian
Beef Friesian

Derived from the dairy breed, Holstein-Friesian. Large.

brown swiss
Brown Swiss

Mainly a dairy breed, can be dual purpose. Huge.

red poll
Red Poll

Red Poll were a good, but minor breed. Not highly popular.

exotics
“EXOTICS”
  • Breeds introduced from Europe that were much larger and more muscular than the 3 traditional British Beef Breeds were labeled as EXOTICS when they were introduced. I will keep that nomenclature, though many now are “mainstream”
my own story on exotics
My Own story on exotics
  • In MY mind, the large breeds came into importance as they did following recognition in the US that crossbreeding with HOLSTEIN (dairy breed) resulted in fast growing, efficient, lean animals.
  • Though they failed to grade choice, they could make money anyway.
slide23
Soon it became obvious that crossing with large breeds did not have to utilize dairy breeds; muscular draft breeds from Europe could increase size, growth rate, and leanness.
slide24
Charolais had been in the US since 1949, but until crossbreeding became popular in the 1970’s, it had little impact.
  • Then in the 70’s and 80’s many of today’s breeds were introduced to the US (or they became more popular).
charolais29
Charolais
  • White, muscular, from France
  • Very heavy muscled, especially heavy forequarters, makes calving difficulties for some cattle and crosses.
slide32
ZEBU
  • Before the era of exotics, and in tropical areas, ZEBU cattle (humped) are popular.
  • Though they have poor growth and meat characteristics, they are heat and insect tolerant.
slide36
Santa Gertrudas

Shorthorn x Brahman

Braford

Brahman x Hereford

Beefmaster

Brahman x Hereford x Shorthorn

Brangus

Brahman x Angus

simmental
Simmental

Swiss, original type, out of favor in US now.

limousin50
Limousin
  • Limousin may have had more impact than most other breeds, perhaps because of good promotion activities. They have been heavily involved in crossbreeding, especially with Angus.
slide53
Chianina - Old, Large

Old, meaning one of the

oldest breeds known

romagnola
Romagnola

Italy, Very OLD

gelbvieh
Gelbvieh

Germany

pinzgauer
Pinzgauer

Dual Purpose

German

tarentaise
Tarentaise

French

Raised in

the most

mountainous

areas

slide62
Very old breed, polled or

horned, France

Salers

galloway
Galloway

Scotland - small to medium framed, polled

long, soft, thick, wavy hair. Hardy. Calm.

Good carcass, cross well.

murray grey68
Murray Grey
  • From an accidental mating of Angus x Roan Shorthorn.
  • Developed in Australia for Australian conditions.
slide69
Devon

Southern

England

devon
Devon

First purebred cattle imported into US; among

the oldest breeds known. From South England.

south devon
South Devon

Not related to

Devon (North Devon)

scotch highland74
Scotch Highland

Short, stocky, hardy

cattle with shaggy

hair to protect them

from severe weather.

Top quality meat.

luing
Luing

From a Scottish island of that name.

Cross of Highland x Shorthorn. 1947

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