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Breeds of Beef Cattle By Michael Teague Classifications British- from the English isles. American- any breed having Brahman blood. Continental- from the European mainland Exotic- all other breeds Angus Bull Angus Cow Angus From Scotland counties of Aberdeen & Angus

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breeds of beef cattle

Breeds of Beef Cattle

By Michael Teague

classifications
Classifications
  • British- from the English isles.
  • American- any breed having Brahman blood.
  • Continental- from the European mainland
  • Exotic- all other breeds
angus
Angus
  • From Scotland counties of Aberdeen & Angus
  • High quality carcass
  • Polled
  • Imported into USA 1873
beefalo7
Beefalo
  • First breed in 1850’s, had fertility problems
  • True beefalo is 5/8 bos taurus, 3/8 bison
  • Range and cold weather hardy
beefmaster
Beefmaster
  • Started in Texas in 1938, reconized as purebred in 1954.
  • 25% Shorthorn,25% Hereford,50% Brahman.
  • No color standards.
  • May be horned or polled.
belgian blue
Belgian Blue
  • Doubled muscled
  • No marbling
  • Calving problems
brahman
Brahman
  • Started development in USA around1850’s from Zebu Blood.
  • May be white, grey, red, brown, or black.
  • May be solid or spotted.
  • Humped, loose skin, drooping ears, horned.
  • Heat tolerant.
brangus
Brangus
  • Breed association formed 1949
  • Black in color and polled
  • Blood 5/8 Angus, 3/8 Brahman
braunvieh
Braunvieh
  • From Switzerland
  • Related to the Brown Swiss
  • Imported to USA in 1983
charolais
Charolais
  • Origin France
  • White in color
  • First imported into USA 1936
  • Heavy muscled
devon
Devon
  • From England
  • Imported to USA in 1632
  • Red in color
gelbvieh
Gelbvieh
  • From Germany
  • Imported to USA 1973
gir or gyr
Gir or Gyr
  • A zebu breed
  • From India
hereford
Hereford
  • May be horned or polled
  • From Hereford County England
  • Became very popular in the 1870’s
  • Docile
  • Red bodies, white face, crest, underline
  • Range suitable
limousin
Limousin
  • Imported into USA 1967
  • Red to yellow in color
longhorn
Longhorn
  • Developed from Spanish cattle in the 1500’s
  • Almost extinct by 1900
  • Hardy
  • 1964 Breed association established
marchigiana
Marchigiana
  • From Italy
  • White in color
  • Similar to Chiania
pinzgauer
Pinzgauer
  • Brownish red with white underline and top
  • From Austria
red angus
Red Angus
  • Developed in 1945
  • Same as Black Angus, except color
  • Red cattle are more heat tolerant than black
  • Red is a recessive gene
romagnola
Romagnola
  • Italian breed
  • Imported to USA the 1970’s
salers
Salers
  • From France
  • Imported to USA 1974
santa gertrudis
Santa Gertrudis
  • Nickname “Gert”
  • Developed at the King Ranch
  • 5/8 Shorthorn, 3/8 Brahman
  • Cherry Red in color
  • Recognized as a breed in 1940
  • Horned and polled
scotch highland
Scotch Highland
  • Origin Scotchland
  • Imported into USA early 1900’s
  • Winter hardy
shorthorn
Shorthorn
  • Imported to USA in 1783
  • Originally dual purpose animal
  • Color red, white, or a comb of both, or roan
  • Origin England
simmental
Simmental
  • Origin Switzerland
  • Red and white or yellow and white
  • White face dominant
  • Imported into USA 1969
watusi73
Watusi
  • Origin Africa
  • Medium sized cattle, that posses the biggest, longest horns
  • Imported into USA 1960’s
white park75
White Park
  • Very old English breed
  • White with black ears, nose, feet