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of Egypt - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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#9 The 3 Kingdoms. of Egypt. 1.Egypt’s Old Kingdom (2600 BC - 2300 BC). Pharaohs were considered the Son of the God Re His word was law and was obeyed without question. Religion. Polytheistic B elieved in an Afterlife

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1.Egypt’s Old Kingdom

(2600 BC - 2300 BC)

  • Pharaohs were considered the Son of the God Re
  • His word was law and was obeyed without question
religion
Religion
  • Polytheistic
  • Believed in an Afterlife
  • Believed Pharaohs continued caring for Egypt after death so they were embalmed
    • Learned a lot about the human body
  • The embalmed body was known as a mummy and buried in Pyramids…
pyramids
Pyramids
  • Built to protect the Pharaohs, hold supplies for the Spirit World
  • Learned about fractions, division, geometry and masonry
  • Pyramids were only built during the Old Kingdom
    • Did not protect the Pharaoh (still easily robbed)
    • Expensive
2 middle kingdom 2050 bc 1670 bc
2. Middle Kingdom (2050 BC – 1670 BC)
  • Began after 200 years of civil war that ended the Old Kingdom
  • An age of peace, prosperity and achievement
  • Valley of the Kings
    • Tombs built into the rock
    • Replaced Pyramids as burial-place of Pharaohs
3 new kingdom 1550 bc 1080 bc
3. New Kingdom(1550 BC – 1080 BC)
  • Egypt reached the height of its power
    • King Tut
    • Hatshepsut– 1stfemale Pharaoh
  • Ramses II - ruled for 66 years
    • Built many palaces using slave labor from Judea and other conquered lands
  • Decline and Fall
    • Invasions from stronger armies with iron weapons
    • Egypt lacked iron ore = could not produce weapons