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Political succession IN NIGERIA: CONCEPTS THAT TRAVEL. MINION K. C. MORRISON PROFESSOR AND HEAD POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY WESTERN POLITICAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION SAN FRANCISCO, APRIL 2, 2010. Political succession.

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political succession in nigeria concepts that travel

Political succession IN NIGERIA: CONCEPTS THAT TRAVEL

MINION K. C. MORRISON

PROFESSOR AND HEAD

POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY

WESTERN POLITICAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION

SAN FRANCISCO, APRIL 2, 2010

political succession

Political succession

One of the most important things modern democratic governments do

Comparing Succession in Nigeria

nigeria a checkered succession history
NigeriaA Checkered Succession History

REPUBLIC 1: PARLIAMENTARY FEDERALISM

1960-1966

___________________________

Military Authoritarianism

1966

1966-1973

CIVIL WAR 1967-1970

1973-1979

_____________________________________

Republic II: PRESIDENTIALISM

1979-1983

____________________________________

MILITARY AUTHORITARIANISM

1985 – 1998

________________________________________

REPUBLIC III: PRESIDENTIALISM

1999 FORWARD

what is political succession
What is Political Succession
  • Succession is transition from one leader to another
political succession occurs when
Political Succession Occurs when

A new principal leader

exercises primary

control over the

personnel and

policy apparatus

Bush Bows Out to Obama

why is succession so difficult
Why is Succession So difficult?

It’s all about Power

  • Power corrupts
  • The tantalizing aura of power
  • Transition to what?
  • Power yields nothing
democracy and succession suspicions and reverence
Democracy and SuccessionSuspicions and Reverence

Leaders, while necessary, are inherently to be feared and distrusted

Tyranny

The voice of the People

Legislative Primacy

Regular Transitions

Elections

exercise
Exercise

TRACE AND COMPARE THE HISTORY OF SUCCESSION IN

GREAT BRITAIN RUSSIA CHINA

_______________

1. SHOW HOW LONG THESE PROCESSES TOOK

2. ARE THESE PROCESSES COMPLETE? EXPLAIN

3. COMPARE THESE CASES TO NIGERIA

the nigerian third republic and succession
THE NIGERIAN THIRD REPUBLICAND SUCCESSION
  • OBASANJO SERVED

TWO TERM LIMIT, 1999-2007

  • OBASANGO HANDED OVER POWER TO YAR’ ADUA 2007
yar adua disability
YAR ADUA DISABILITY
  • YAR ADUA FELLED BY ILLNESS LEAVING THE EXERCISE OF STATE POWER IN SUSPENSION
  • ADUA REFUSES TO HAND OVER POWER TO VP PER CONSTITUTION
  • LEGISLATURE APPOINTS VP GOOD LUCK JONATHAN ACTING PRESIDENT 2010
constitutional provision i
CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION I

Section 144

  • (1) The President or Vice-President shall cease to hold office, if - (a) by a resolution passed by two-thirds majority of all the members of the executive council of the Federation it is declared that the President or Vice-President is incapable of discharging the functions of his office; and (b) the declaration is verified, after such medical examination as may be necessary, by a medical panel established under subsection (4) of this section in its report to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
constitutional provision ii
CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION II

Section 145

"Whenever the President transmits to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives a written declaration that he is proceeding on vacation or that he is otherwise unable to discharge the functions of his office, until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary such functions shall be discharged by the Vice-President as Acting President."

risks for nigeria a transitional democracy
RISKS FOR NIGERIAA TRANSITIONAL DEMOCRACY

POLITICAL CRISIS BORNE OF:

COUP CULTURE

ETHNIC STRIFE

RELIGIOUS STRIFE

ECONOMIC CRISIS

ILLIBERAL DEMOCRACY

LACK OF CONSOLIDATION

return to compare
RETURN TO COMPARE

SUCCESSION ISSUES IN OLDER DEMOCRACIES

BUSH V GORE IN USA

TONY BLAIR DEPARTURE IN UK

PUTIN DEPARTURE IN RUSSIA

conclusion
CONCLUSION

AS ANCIENT WESTERN THEORISTS PREDICTED, SUCCESSION IS A GENERAL PROBLEM FOR GOVERNMENTS

ROUTINE PROBLEM FOR STABLE MODERN GOVERNMENTS ARTICULATE BODY POLITIC

EXAGGERATED PROBLEM FOR TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENTSILLIBERAL DEMOCRACIES

NIGERIA OFFERS SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR COMPARING EXECUTIVE SUCCESSION