WATER RESOURCES OF NIGERIA. WMA 307 Dr. A.O. Idowu , Dr. G.C. Ufoegbune and Dr O.Z. Ojekunle Dept of Water Res. Magt . & Agromet UNAAB. Abeokuta. Ogun State Nigeria email@example.com.
Dr. A.O. Idowu, Dr. G.C. Ufoegbune and Dr O.Z. Ojekunle
Dept of Water Res. Magt. & Agromet
UNAAB. Abeokuta. Ogun State
Climate and Water Resources of Nigeria: Factors affecting precipitation in Nigeria.
Variation of Precipitation in Nigeria
(a) Seasonal Distribution – Critical months in terms of rainfall distribution in Nigeria. Infuence of the Maritime winds and Continental winds.
(b) Variations in Total Annual Rainfall: Regions of high and low rainfalls, latitudinal distribution, regions of anomalies and causes of the anomalies.
(c) Variations in rainfall regimes: What are rainfall regimes and causes.
Divides of the country into different regimes, anomalies and causes.
Division of Nigeria into different evapotranspiration zones
Agencies: Federal Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources. Water Corporations, Department of Waterways and Navigation, River Basin Development Authorities, Research Institutes, Universities.
Examination of the agencies of water development:
The Federal Government – The ministry of Water Resources. Sectors of the Minstry- Hydrology and Hydrogeology Division, Dams and Reservoir operations and Waste water and environmental sanitation.
Parastatals in form of River basin development authorities, functions and locations all around the country.
Other agencies- PTF, DEFFRI, OMPADEC, etc.
State gvernments as agents of water developments- water corporations.
Local governments as agents of water developments
Department of Waterways.
Research Institutes and Universities
Main rivers and their flows, average flow, maximum and minimum flow, annual yields. Rivers Niger, Benue, Ogun, Kaduna, Sokoto, Rima, Hadejia, Jamaire, Gurara, etc.
Natural and artificial lakes. Reservoirs above dam – Kainji, Jebba, Tiga dams and reservoirs etc. Reservoirs behind small and medium earth dams in different States in Nigeria.
The Niger River basinThe Niger River basin, located in western Africa, covers 7.5% of the continent and spreads over ten countries (Map 1 and Table 1).
• public irrigation schemes, which are government-executed schemes;• farmer-owned and operated irrigation projects (improved fadamas);• residual fadamas or floodplains.