conditional sentences n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Conditional Sentences PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Conditional Sentences

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

Conditional Sentences - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 162 Views
  • Uploaded on

Conditional Sentences. The meaning of Conditional Sentences. Conditionals. Future (predictive). Imaginative (Subjunctive). Factual. 1. Timeless Generic Habitual. Hypothetical Present Future Counterfactual Present Past. Strong condition and result

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Conditional Sentences' - amos


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
conditional sentences

Conditional Sentences

The meaning of Conditional Sentences

slide2

Conditionals

Future(predictive)

Imaginative(Subjunctive)

Factual

  • 1. Timeless
    • Generic
    • Habitual
  • Hypothetical
    • Present
    • Future
  • Counterfactual
    • Present
    • Past
  • Strong condition and result
  • Degrees of weakened condition or result
  • 2. Time-bound
    • Implicitinference
    • Explicitinference
factual conditional sentences
Factual Conditional Sentences
  • Generic Factual Conditionals
    • Relationships that are true and unchanging
      • If oil is mixed with water, it floats.
      • If you boil water, it vaporizes.
    • Normally take a simple present tense in both clauses.
    • Especially frequent in scientific writing.
factual conditional sentences1
Factual Conditional Sentences
  • Habitual Factual Conditionals
    • Relationship based on habit;
    • Past or present relationships that are habitually true.
      • If I wash the dishes, Sally dries them.
      • If Nancy said, “Jump!” Bob jumped.
    • Both clauses usually have the same tense
    • Frequent in conversation.
factual conditional sentences2
Factual Conditional Sentences
  • Implicit inference conditionals
    • Specific time-bound relationships.
    • Much wider range of verb tenses.
      • If smog can be licked in L.A., it can be licked anywhere.
      • If the radicals haven’t made the government more responsive, they have wasted their time.
      • If there was a happy man in the world that night, it was John Tunney.
    • Both clauses usually have the same tense
    • “When(ever)” cannot substitute for “if”.
factual conditional sentences3
Factual Conditional Sentences
  • Explicit inference conditionals
    • Specific time-bound relationships.
    • Marked with modals.
      • If he was there, he must have seen the painting.
    • Usually makes use of “must” or “should”.
    • “When(ever)” cannot substitute for “if”.
future conditional sentences
Future Conditional Sentences
  • Strong Condition or Result
    • Future plans or contingencies;
    • Normal pattern is simple present tense in the if clause and some explicit indication of future time in the result clause.
      • If it rains, I’ll stay home.
      • If you finish your vegetables, I’m going to buy you an ice cream cone.
      • If Steve comes to class, he will get the answers to the quiz.
future conditional sentences1
Future Conditional Sentences
  • Degrees of Weakened Conditional or Result
    • Prediction scale – Result Clause:
      • will, be going to = certain (strong result)
      • should = probable
      • may = possible (stronger than might)
      • might = possible (weaker than may)
    • To weaken the condition clause:
      • should; happens to; should happen to
imaginative conditional sentences
Imaginative Conditional Sentences
  • Hypothetical Conditionals
    • Express what the speaker perceives to be unlikely yet possible events or states in the if clause;
    • Can refer to the future as well as the present
      • If Joe had the time, he would go to Mexico. (Present)
      • If Joe were to have the time, he would go to Mexico. (Future)
    • The if clause is not strongly negated.
imaginative conditional sentences1
Imaginative Conditional Sentences
  • Hypothetical Conditionals
    • The negative quality of the if clause can be even further weakened so that the possibility of the result occurring becomes stronger:
      • If Joe should have the time, he would go to Mexico.
      • If Joe happened to have the time, he would go...
      • If Joe should happen to have the time, he would go...
imaginative conditional sentences2
Imaginative Conditional Sentences
  • Hypothetical Conditionals
    • Sometimes, the difference between using a future conditional and a hypothetical conditional is a matter of speaker choice:
      • If it rains, I’ll stay home. (Future)
      • If it were to rain, I would stay home. (Hypothetical)
imaginative conditional sentences3
Imaginative Conditional Sentences
  • Counterfactual Conditionals
    • Express impossible events or states in the if clause
    • Reference to the present or past
      • If my grandfather were alive today, he would experience a very different world. (Present)
      • If my grandfather had been alive in 1996, he would have been 100 years old. (Past)
    • The if clause is strongly negated.