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Conditional Sentences. Types of Conditional Sentences. Type 0 : To express universal truth Type 1 : To express present or future activities which are true or likely Type 2 : To express present or future activities which are impossible or unlikely to happen

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types of conditional sentences
Types of Conditional Sentences
  • Type 0: To express universal truth
  • Type 1: To express present or future activities which are true or likely
  • Type 2: To express present or future activities which are impossible or unlikely to happen
  • Type 3: To deal with past situations

Conditional Sentences

type 0 to express universal truth
Type 0: To expressuniversal truth

Form: Present tense, Present tense

*** The conjunction “IF” can be replaced by “WHEN”

  • e.g. a. If we ice under the sun, it melts quickly.

b. When we ice under the sun, it quickly.

put

put

melts

T

Ex.

Conditional Sentences

type 1 to express present or future activities which are true or likely
Type 1: To express present or future activities which are true orlikely

Form: Present tense, Present future tense (can / may)

  • e.g. If it rains tomorrow, we will not go on a picnic.

If it should rain tomorrow, we willnot go on a picnic.

OR Should it rain tomorrow, we will not go on a picnic.

T

Ex.

Conditional Sentences

type 2 to express present or future activities which are impossible or unlikely to happen
Type 2: To express present or future activities which are impossible or unlikely to happen

Form: Past tense, Past future tense

*** Use “WERE” for all persons

  • e.g. a. If it rained tomorrow, we would not go on a picnic.

b. If Peter were here, we would win.

OR Were Peter here, we wouldwin.

T

Ex.

Conditional Sentences

type 3 to deal with past situations the action mentioned did not actually happen
Type 3: To deal with past situations. The action mentioned did not actually happen.

Form: Past perfect tense, Past future perfect tense

*** The word “IF” can be omitted but the subject and the verb should exchange position.

  • e.g. If it had rained yesterday, we would not have gone on a picnic.

OR Had it rained yesterday, we would not have gone on a picnic.

T

Ex.

Conditional Sentences

if i a pair of wings i to the places i like most
If Ia pair of wings,Ito the places I like most.

could have

would fly

Conditional Sentences

slide8
I’ve just bought a new bicycle. Can you help me fix it up now?

B

Oh, sorry! I’m busy now. If I time, I certainly you.

A

had

would

help

Conditional Sentences

slide9
This town is very beautiful. I really want to have a ride round the town.

A

It’s a pity that I don’t have a car. If I one, I you for a ride round the town.

B

wouldtake

had

Conditional Sentences

slide10
This town is very beautiful. I really want to have a ride round the town.

A

B

It’s a pity that I don’t know how to drive. If I how to drive, I you for a ride round the town.

knew

would take

Conditional Sentences

slide11
I don’t think it’ll rain tomorrow.

A

B

If it tomorrow, we cycling again.

rained

would not go

rained

If it tomorrow, I at home.

would stay

Conditional Sentences

slide13
There was a ferry accident last night. Fortunately, we were late, and so we escaped the collision.

If we the 7:20 ferry, we .

had taken

would have died

If we the ferry, wethe collision.

had taken

would

not have escaped

Conditional Sentences

communication game
Communication Game
  • If you could change your age, what age would you rather be?
  • If you could live any place in the world, where would it be?
  • If you could take only three people with you on a trip around the world, whom would you take?

Conditional Sentences

exercise
Exercise

Type O

  • General situations
    • Who do you go to see if you are sick?
    • What do people bring if it rains?
    • What does your teacher do if you are late for school?
    • How do you feel if you do not sleep very well?
    • How do you feel if someone is rude to you?

Conditional Sentences

slide16
Type 1

B. Present Conditional

  • What may happen if the bus driver does not slow down?
  • What will they do if it continues to rain?
  • Where will people be sent to if they break the law?
  • If Steven misses the last train home, where can he stay?
  • If Eddie is naughty, what will he not get from his parents?
  • What will happen to the ship if it goes out in the typhoon?

Conditional Sentences

slide17
Type 2
  • Past Conditional
    • If Terry took more exercise, what would happen to him?
    • If Betty ate less sweets, what would happen to her?
    • If Dora had your address, what would she send you?
    • What would happen if Mary did not study for the test?
    • What would happen if Dick missed the bus?
    • What would happen if the factory closed down?
    • What would you do if you had a lot of money?
    • If tomorrow were your birthday, what would you buy?

Conditional Sentences

slide18
Type 3

D. Perfect Conditional

  • What would have happened if it had rained yesterday?
  • What would have happened if Shirley had been to the party?
  • What would have happened if Anna had been late to the office?
  • What would have happened if Diana had missed the train?
  • What would have happened if Susan had not been careful?

Conditional Sentences

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