Conditional Sentences. by JFBS. Conditional Types. First Type: Possible & Probable conditions. Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions. Third Type: Impossible conditions. Other Conditional sentences. Wish / If only. First Type: Possible & Probable conditions.
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First Type: Possible & Probable conditions
Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions
Third Type: Impossible conditions
Other Conditional sentences
Wish / If only
To express an imaginary present or improbable future situations
To express a regret for an impossible situation happened in the Past with NO solution
Time clauses with before, unless, when, while, as soon as, as long as, provided that
After when, as soon as, before, while, unless, as long as and provided that we use the present tense (not will).
•I’ll stay with Jake when I go to London next week.
•As soon as I get my exam results, I’m going on holiday.
•Before I go out tonight, I have to finish this essay.
•While I’m away, Penny’s going to look after my dog.
•I won’t be able to buy a car unless I find a job soon.
•I’ll come with you as long as I don't have to drive.
•You’ll pass your exam provided that you doenough revision.
Wish and if only can be used with would and past tenses. These structures express regrets, and wishes for unlikely or impossible things.
If onlyis more emphatic. (Traducción: Ójala, Desearía)
1. Past tenses are used to talk about the present.
I wish I was better looking I wish I spoke French
Don’t you wish you could fly? If only I knew more people!
Were can be used instead of was, especially in a formal style.
He wishes he were better looking.
2. We use a past perfect tense to express regrets about the past
I wish you hadn’t said that.
Now she wishes she had gone to university.
If only she hadn’t told the police, everything would be all right.
3. We use would or could...
1. to talk about future things which aren’t so much probable.
I wish / If only I could go to the party.
2. to talk about future things that we would like people (not) to do. The subject of wish and the main verb is different. So here we only use would. This often expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance: It can sound critical.
I wish you would go home. If only the postman would come!
We can use this structure to talk about things as well as people.
I wish this damned car would start. If only it would stop raining!