prof karen neves olivan n.
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Prof ª. Karen Neves Olivan. Conditional Sentences. Conditional Sentences. As orações condicionais referem-se a condições reais ou irreais. . Conditional Sentences.

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conditional sentences
ConditionalSentences
  • As orações condicionais referem-se a condições reais ou irreais.
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ConditionalSentences

2. As orações com ifindicam as condições reais ou irreais e as orações principais expressam os resultados delas. Há três tipos básicos de orações condicionais:

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  • FirstConditional: Descreve uma condição real ou provavelmente verdadeira. Nesse caso, usamos o SimplePresentna oração com ife o SimplePresentou Future com will(will+ infinitivesem to) na oração que expressa seu resultado.
  • If it rainsin São Paulo, trafficbecomesimpossible.
  • Iftheweathergetscolder, theywillbuyheavycoats.
  • Ifsheruns, shewill catch the bus.
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ConditionalSentences
  • SecondConditional: Descreve uma condição irreal ou improvável no presente ou futuro. Nesse caso, usamos o SimplePastna oração com ife o would+ infinitivesem to na oração que expressa seu resultado.
  • Iftheweathergotcolder, theywouldbuyheavycoats.
  • Ifhemademore money, hewouldbuya house.
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  • ThirdConditional: Descreve uma condição irreal ou impossível no passado. Nesse caso, usamos oPastPerfectna oração com ife wouldhave+ PastParticiplena oração que expressa seu resultado.
  • Iftheweatherhadgottencolder, theywouldhaveboughtheavycoats.
  • Ifhehadrun, hewouldhavecaughtthe bus.
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ConditionalSentences
  • A palavra unlesssignifica “a menos que” ou “a não ser que” e substitui as palavras “if...not”
  • Themilkwillspoilunlessyoukeep it cold. =

Themilkwillspoilifyou do notkeep it cold.

  • Shewillhaveanaccidentunlessshe drives carefully. = Shewillhave na accidentifshedoesn’tdrive carefully.
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ConditionalSentences

4. Usamos apalavra werepara todas as palavras após ifse o verbo for be.

  • Ifyouwereyounger, I wouldacceptyouroffer.
  • Theywould help himiftheywerekinder
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ConditionalSentences

5. Were+ infinitivecom to pode substituir o SimplePast na oração com if.

  • IfI dyedmyhairgreen, I wouldlookveryweird.

=

IfI were to dyemyhairgreen, I wouldlookveryweird.

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6. Podemos expressar condições semif. Nesses casos usamos should, wereou had(+pastparticiple) no início da oração.

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ConditionalSentences
  • FirstConditional: Usamos should+ sujeito + infinitivesem to.
  • ShouldI seeFred. I’llgivehimyourmessage.

=

If I see Fred, I’llgivehimyourmessage.

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ConditionalSentences
  • SecondConditional: Usamos were+ sujeito.
  • Wereherich, he’dtravela lot.

=

Ifhewererich, he’dtravela lot.

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ConditionalSentences
  • ThirdConditional: Usamos had+ sujeito + pastparticiple.
  • Hadweboughtour tickets sooner, we’dhavegottenbetterseats.

=

Ifwehadboughtour tickets sonner, we’dhavegottenbetterseats.

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ATENÇÃO:

Não se esqueça que hade wouldtêm a mesma contração.

IfI’dknowheraddress, I’dhavesent hera a letter.

(had) (would)