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Conditional Sentences. “ If grandma had wheels she’d be a bicycle.”. Conditional sentences. Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses .

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conditional sentences

Conditional Sentences

“If grandma had wheels she’d be a bicycle.”

conditional sentences1
Conditional sentences
  • Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses.
  • They are used to express that the action in the main clause(without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled.
conditional sentences2
Conditional Sentences
  • There are two kinds of conditional sentences: real and unreal.
    • Real Conditional describes real-life situations.
    • Unreal Conditional describes unreal, imaginary situations.
  • However there are three types of Conditional Sentences.
what do these sentences tell us about reality
What do these sentences tell us about reality?
  • If you work hard, you’ll succeed.
  • If you worked hard, you would succeed.
  • If you had worked hard, you would have succeeded.
1st conditional

1st Conditional

A touch of reality…

slide6
If-clauseMain clause

Present simple will

If I see him, I will givehim the book.

If I don’t see him, I will phonehim in the evening.

The order of the clauses can be reversed. In this case DO NOT use a comma.

I will phone him in the evening if I don’t see him.

use of conditional type 1
Use of Conditional type 1
  • Conditional Sentences Type I refer to the future.
  • An action in the future will only happen if a certain condition is fulfilled by that time.
  • We don't know for sure whether the condition actually will be fulfilled or not, but the conditions seems rather realistic – so we think it is likely to happen
finish the following sentences
Finish the following sentences…
  • If I go away on holiday this year…
  • If I lose all my money…
  • If we get too much homework…
  • If my friend gets into trouble..
  • If we finish early today…
  • I’ll eat my hat if…
  • This school will have to close if…
  • We will all be very happy if…
  • I will be rather disappointed if…
  • Will you help me if…
unless1
UNLESS
  • Unless = If … not
  • If you don’t run, you’ll miss the bus.
  • Unless you run, you’ll miss the bus.
2nd conditional

2nd Conditional

There’s still hope…

slide12
If-clauseMain clause

Past simplewould

If I won the lottery, I would buya house.

If I had a car, I wouldn’t walkto school.

The order of the clauses can be reversed. In this case DO NOT use a comma.

I would read more if I didn’t watch so much TV.

use of conditional type 2
Use of Conditional type 2
  • Conditional Type 2 is an unreal conditional.
  • The Unreal Conditional is used to talk about improbable conditions or impossible situations.
please take a look at the example carefully
Conditional sentence

True Fact 1

True Fact 2

If John had money, he would buy a Ferrari.

John doesn’t have money, He will not buy a Ferrari

John buys an ordinary car.

Please take a look at the example carefully…
please take a look at the example carefully1
Conditional sentence

True Fact 1

True Fact 2

If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.

I don’t find her address, I will not send her an invitation

It’s difficult to find her address

Please take a look at the example carefully…
were instead of was
Were instead of was
  • In Conditional Sentence Type II, we usually use ‚were‘ – even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it –.
  • We don’t use was in Conditional Sentence Type II

If I were you, I would tell her.

finish the following sentences1
Finish the following sentences…
  • If people had eyes in the backs of their heads…
  • If cars didn’t exist..
  • I would not tell him…
  • If I were rich…
  • If my best friend won the lottery…
  • We would kill a dog…
  • If we couldn’t speak English…
  • We wouldn’t go to Paris…
  • I would give you all my clothes…
  • If schools didn’t exist…
the 3 rd unreal conditional

The 3rd (unreal) Conditional

The land of regrets…

slide19
If-clauseMain clause

Past Perfectwould have + past participle

If I had seen you, I would have saidhello.

If you had told me the truth, I would have forgivenyou.

The order of the clauses can be reversed. In this case DO NOT use a comma.

I would have forgiven you if you had told me the truth.

use of conditional type 3
Use of Conditional type 3
  • Conditional Type 3 is an unreal past conditional.
  • The Unreal Conditional is used to speculate about imaginary situations or to regret past events.
what have you not done
What have you not done?
  • went to bed early last night?
  • dyed your hair pink?
  • travelled to Africa?
  • joined the army?
slide22
Say…
  • 4 things you haven’t done (that you wish you had)
  • 4 things you’ve done (that you wish you hadn’t)
conditional sentences3

Conditional Sentences

Exercises

Student’s Book

page 73 exercise 1
Page 73 – exercise 1
  • If she goes by plane, she will arrive early.
  • If he was/were a respectful person, he wouldn’t behave like that.
  • If she travels by car, the journey will lastfor…
page 73 exercise 11
Page 73 – exercise 1
  • If he pays for anything...
  • If they met in L.A., she would visit...
  • Hurry up if you wantto catch the train.
page 73 exercise 2
Page 73 – Exercise 2
  • … she wouldn’t know her mark.
  • … she would do something about it.
  • … she would find a good job.
  • … he would accept it.
  • … she will win.
  • … would go out more.
page 73 exercise 21
Page 73 – Exercise 2
  • … someone will talk to her.
  • … you’d be careful about the information you gave.
  • … you won’t trust him/her ever again.
  • … they would learn more.
  • … her pen pal, she would be very happy.
  • … they would visit him / her.
page 73 exercise 3
Page 73 – exercise 3
  • Unless she trains hard, she won’t succeed.
  • Unless she phones to say she has changed the plans, he will be….
  • Unless he persuades her, she won’t…
  • Unless you play fewer computer games, you won’t have…
page 83 exercise 5 1
Page 83 – exercise 5 - 1
  • If you go to this college, you will learn a lot…
  • If they paid in advance, they would have a bonus.
  • If she takes part in this exchange project, she will meetnew people.
page 83 exercise 5 11
Page 83 – exercise 5 - 1
  • If they facilitated the task, they would avoidproblems.
  • If he programmes the activities, there will betime for everything.
  • If teachers accompanythe students, ...
page 83 exercise 5 2
Page 83 – exercise 5 - 2
  • … you will get there earlier.
  • … they would learn faster.
  • … someone will find out.
  • … you will ask for help.
  • … would be able to speak it.
  • … she will have to postpone the test.
page 154 exercise 1
Page 154 – exercise 1
  • If Jimmy hadn’t watched so much TV, …
  • … if he had spent his time…
  • … I wouldn’t have missed my favourite…
  • If you had told her in advance…
  • If the bus drivers hadn’t gone on …
  • … you wouldn’t have got fat.
page 154 exercise 2
Page 154 – exercise 2
  • If my teacher hadn’t given me a lot of homework, I would have gone to the football match with my father.
  • I would have bought that T-shirt if I hadn’t spent all my money on DVDs.
page 154 exercise 21
Page 154 – exercise 2
  • We would have moved last Summer if I had not been tired.
  • If I hadn’t felt ill during the exam, I would have finished it.
  • She wouldn’t have damaged the DVD player if she had read the instructions.
conditional sentences4

Conditional Sentences

Exercises

Workbook

page 21 exercise l 1
Page 21 – exercise L (1)
  • … you won’t have money to buy a …
  • … they would be surprised.
  • If she readsthis tale,…
  • If you catch the wrong bus, …
  • If he touches that plate, …
page 21 exercise l 11
Page 21 – exercise L (1)
  • … they will have a comfortable journey.
  • … I would buy a bigger flat.
  • … it will takeus about …
  • … the plane would land at London Airport.
page 21 exercise l 2
Page 21 – exercise L (2)
  • … you would improve your English.
  • … they will spend a lot of money.
  • … she will havean individual room.
  • … they would get to know their habits.
  • … someone will help whenever you need it.
  • … you won’t have any money left!
page 21 exercise m 1
Page 21 – exercise M (1)
  • … you hurry up.
  • … they get a subsidy.
  • Unless she arrives now, I’ll …
  • … it snows.
  • … my father had helped me.
  • … unless you go with me.
page 47 exercise d 1
Page 47 – exercise D (1)
  • … we would have visited the island.
  • … she would have moved to New Jersey.
  • … he would have caused an accident.
  • … she would have escaped.
  • … he wouldn’t have been in trouble.
  • … he would have become upset.
page 47 exercise d 2
Page 47 – exercise D (2)
  • …she wouldn’t have heard the verdict.
  • … they would have got better places.
  • … he wouldn’t have lost the keys.
  • … she would have been chosen.
  • … I would have helped you.
conditional sentences5

Conditional sentences

Worksheet no. 1

exercise a
Exercise A
  • If you had studied (study) for the test, you would have passed (pass) it.
  • If you had asked (ask) me, I would have helped (help) you.
  • If we had gone (go) to the cinema, we would have seen (see) my friend Jacob.
  • If you had spoken (speak) English, she would have understood (understand).
  • If they had listened (listen) to me, we would have been (be) home earlier.
exercise a1
Exercise A
  • I would have written (write) you a postcard if I had had (have) your address.
  • If I hadn’t broken (not / break) my leg, I would have taken (take part) in the contest.
  • If it hadn’t started (not/ start) to rain, we would have walked (walk) to the museum.
  • We would have swum (swim) in the sea if there hadn’t been (not / be) so many sharks there.
  • If she hadn’t taken (not take) the bus, she wouldn’t have arrived (not / arrive) on time.
exercise b
Exercise B

III

I

  • If he had dropped the vase, it would have broken.
  • If you have to do the washing up, I will help you.
  • If I had a hammer, I'd hammer in the morning ... (song)
  • I wouldn't run away if I saw a spider.
  • We'd have given you a lift if you hadn't had your bike with you.
  • If you had listened to me, the accident wouldn't have happened.
  • If we don't get tickets for the concert, we'll stay at home.
  • They'd go by bus if they didn't have a car.
  • She'll hear us if you don't stop laughing.
  • He wouldn't have taken the bread if he hadn't been hungry.

II

II

III

III

I

II

I

III

exercise c
Exercise C
  • If I were (be) stronger, I'd help you carry the piano.
  • If we'd seen you, we would have stopped (stop).
  • If we meet (meet) him tomorrow, we'll say hello.
  • He would have repaired the car himself if he had had(have) the tools.
  • If you drop the vase, it will break(break).

II

III

I

III

I

exercise c1
Exercise C
  • She would have come to the party if she had not been (not be) on holiday.
  • I wouldn't go to school by bus if I had(have) a driving license.
  • If she didn’t see (not see) him every day, she'd be lovesick.
  • I won’t travel (not travel) to London if I don't get a cheap flight.
  • We'd be stupid if we told(tell) him about our secret.

III

II

II

I

II

exercise d
Exercise D
  • My grandfather can’t see unless he wears glasses.
  • You are not a responsible citizen unless you pay taxes regularly.
  • John gets very angry ifAnnie comes home late in the evening.
  • I wouldn’t have believed if I had not seen myself.
conditional sentences6

Conditional sentences

Worksheet no. 2

exercise a2
Exercise A
  • If you buy a new robot, you’ll see its advantages.
  • If many companies don’t use on-line marketing, it won’t touch a wide range of consumers. OR

If many companies didn’t use on-line marketing, it wouldn’t touch a wide range of consumers.

exercise a3
Exercise A
  • If telemedicine didn’t treat many patients sucessfully, it wouldn’t be urgent to introduce it widely.
  • If most technological advances didn’t carry along some bad effects, some citizens wouldn’t be against them.
exercise a4
Exercise A
  • If men hadn’t many machines at their disposal, they wouldn’t have time to enjoy life.
  • If a large number of entrepreneurs weren’t introducing automation in their factories, productivity wouldn’t be heightening too.
exercise a5
Exercise A
  • If robots didn’t do several heavy dirty tasks, they wouldn’t be appreciated by modern entrepreneurs.
  • If workers don’t learn how to work with cutting-edge technology, they will be made redundant.
exercise b1
Exercise B
  • … people would have written letters to communicate.
  • … would spend more money on salaries.
  • …didn’t buy new and better machines.
  • …if money weren’t spent on research.
  • …someone hadn’t invented them!
  • …my students wouldn’t bring them to class…
exercise b2
Exercise B
  • …men will come back to factories!
  • …we wouldn’t have the phone.
  • …men prove to be better than machines.
  • …we stop wanting everything in a cell phone.
  • …I wouldn’t be able to chat with my friends.
  • …we won’t have to worry about our health.
exercise b3
Exercise B
  • … we wouldn’t need anything else.
  • …they would spend a lot of money in phone calls.
  • …they didn’t improve our quality of life.
  • …robots hadn’t been invented.
  • …we would still carry our walkman.
  • …if the net didn’t exist.
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