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World War I - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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World War I
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  1. World War I 1914 – 1918 (1919)

  2. Background • Europe has been at peace for 30 years into 1900s • Whole generation that does not know the “reality” of War

  3. Long Term Causes • 1. Nationalism • Deep feelings for own country • Countries as rivals

  4. Reasons for Rivalries (Nationalism) • Competition for resources • Germany challenging England’s Industrial power • France wants Alsace-Lorraine back from Germany • Austria-Hungary and Russia fight over Balkan region (who want independence)

  5. Long term causes • 2. Imperialism • Competing for colonies • Dominating a weaker territory either politically, economically, and/or socially

  6. Long term Causes • 3. Militarism • Glorifying military power and keeping standing army (always ready for war) • England is only county in Europe without one at beginning of war • Kaiser Wilhelm II (Germany)

  7. Long Term Causes • 4. Alliances • Meant to keep peace, but leads to World War

  8. Alliances • Triple Alliance • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy • Formed to keep France from getting too powerful • Germany breaks treaty with Russia • Russia aligns with France • Wilhelm builds navy • England scared and joins alliance

  9. Alliances • Triple Entente • France, England, Russia

  10. Immediate Cause • “Powder Keg” of Europe • The Balkans • Russia and Austria fight over territory • Austria takes Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia

  11. Immediate Cause (1914) • Archduke Franz Ferdinand (of Austria) tours Sarajevo • Shot and killed by Serbian Gavrilo Princip (Black Hand) • Austria takes it as a sign of Serbian aggression • Germany encourages Austria to declare war on Serbia (promises to help)

  12. Austria’s Ultimatum • To Serbia • No more anti-Austrian activity and other types of harsh demands • Serbia agrees with some • Austria declares war anyway • Russia backs up Serbia

  13. War begins • Powder Keg is lit with the assassination • Alliance system falls apart (new ones form) • World War I becomes largest war ever