Goals of the Civil Rights Movement Standard 8.1 E.Q. What were the key goals of the modern civil rights movement?
Goals of the Civil Rights Movement • Equal Treatment • Declaration of Independence • Reconstruction • Decent Housing • Right to Vote
Policy Changes • Civil Rights Act of 1875: outlaws segregation. • In 1883, an all white Supreme Court would declare the act unconstitutional. • Jim Crow Era: Aimed at separating races; • Making segregation legal; this was an embarrassment to the US who was trying to win over African & Asian allies during the Cold War.
Discrimination • Plessy v. Ferguson: Supreme Court rules that Louisiana law requiring “separate but equal” public accommodations is constitutional. • Affirmed the legality of racial segregation and prompted the passage of Jim Crow laws.
Right to Vote • 13th: abolishment of slavery in the US. • 14th: guarantees all Americans equal treatment under the law. • 15th: civil rights • Ability to vote. • Jim Crow laws kept blacks from voting.
Economics after the World • African Americans demanded more equitable treatment in war industries. • Fair Employment Practices Commission: Establish “fair” employment for African American during the war effort. • Established under President Roosevelt’s administration. • After the war, African Americans lost those jobs to returning white soldiers.
Discrimination after the world • African Americans also served in the military but were in segregated units. • African Americans soldiers from the North experienced Jim Crow as they trained on military bases in the South. • Some African American veterans were lynched. • This lead President Truman to establish a civil rights commission, to support an anti – lynching law and to desegregated the military by executive order.
Issues in the world pushed the issue • Revelations of concentration camps and the “Final Solution” shocked Americans and called race relations in the US into question. • Civil Rights Act of 1957: 1st rights law since reconstruction; • Established a civil rights division in the Justice Department to enforce civil right laws. • Protect voting rights.