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RUSSIA`S PRESIDENCY IN THE G8: A SEARCH FOR COLLECTIVE RESPONSES TO CHALLENGES OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL GLOBALI PowerPoint Presentation
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RUSSIA`S PRESIDENCY IN THE G8: A SEARCH FOR COLLECTIVE RESPONSES TO CHALLENGES OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL GLOBALI - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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RUSSIA`S PRESIDENCY IN THE G8: A SEARCH FOR COLLECTIVE RESPONSES TO CHALLENGES OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL GLOBALISATION. Unique features of G8. Unparalleled concentration of power and influence: 4 nuclear powers and 4 UNSC permanent members 49,8% of the world GDP

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RUSSIA`S PRESIDENCY IN THE G8:

A SEARCH FOR COLLECTIVE RESPONSES TO CHALLENGES OF ECONOMIC,

SOCIAL AND CULTURAL GLOBALISATION

unique features of g8

Unique features of G8

Unparalleled concentration of power and influence:

4 nuclear powers and

4 UNSC permanent members

49,8% of the world GDP

49% of the world trade

49,6% of the IMF quota

g7 and g8 stages of evolution 1975 1979 from the rambouillet summit to the second energy crisis
G7 and G8: stages of evolution1975 – 1979: from the Rambouillet summit to the second energy crisis

Core agenda of G7 is defined: international trade, economic growth, development assistance, energy security of the Western world

Comprehensive strategy is agreed (1978 Bonn summit)

1979 oil crisis explodes the Bonn strategy.

1980 1990 from the energy crisis to velvet revolutions in eastern europe
1980 – 1990: from the energy crisis to "velvet revolutions" in Eastern Europe

Venice declaration (1980): fighting inflation and resolving energy crisis. First working body of the G7 is established (in 1980; High-level Group on G7 energy strategy)

Financial coordination strengthened (1985 Plaza Accord and 1987 Louvre Accord)

G7 is turning to its domestic problems (structural change in economy and labor force discussed at 1988 Toronto summit)

Third world debt reduction process begins: "Toronto conditions“

G7 strategies towards "velvet revolutions" and Soviet perestroika are defined (1989-1990)

1991 1997 from collapse of the soviet union to the emergence of g8

1991 – 1997: from collapse of the Soviet Union to the emergence of G8

Evolution of Russia's position vis-à-vis G7: from guest status to the "Political G8" and G8 membership (except some financial issues)

G7/G8 agenda is becoming more political, social and environmental

Reform of the G7/G8 begins (UK Prime Minister John Major's letter of August 1992)

G7 reacts to the 1995 Mexican financial crisis. Reform of IMF, WB and UN socioeconomic institutions

1996 Moscow summit on nuclear security: a break-through in the evolution

from G7 to G8

Counter-terrorism becomes a major issue (1995 – G8 Expert group on terrorism is established; ministerial conference on counter terrorism is held)

Globalisation becomes a permanent issue of the G7/G8 agenda ("Making a success of globalisation for the benefit of all" - 1996 Lyon summit)

1998 2001 from the asian financial crisis to 9 11 2001

1998 – 2001: from the Asian financial crisis to 9/11/2001

1997 Denver summit: G8 is formed (except some financial issues)

Africa becomes permanent item of G7/G8 agenda (since 1997 summit)

G8 assists in resolving Kosovo crisis (1999)

HIPC initiative is launched (1999 Cologne summit)

Conflict prevention and resolution is discussed (in the aftermath of the Kosovo crisis)

from 2001 to the present

From 2001 to the present

Key context factors:

- globalization becoming the major trend of world development;

- importance of socio-political issues in the G8 agenda is growing (employment, poverty, healthcare, life-long education);

- global and transnational problems are exacerbated: ecology, crime and international terrorism;

- general financial and economic situation of G8 members is differentiated;

- new global economic players come to the scene: China and India;

- risk of financial crises in some Third world regions persists;

- Republican administration is elected in the US;

- President Vladimir V.Putin is elected in Russia

principal spheres of g8 action

Principal spheres of G8 action

Contributing to UN Millennium summit goals (fighting poverty in the Third world through debt reduction; facilitating access to G8 markets; increasing volume and efficiency of ODA; Global Fund; assisting implementation of the Education For All Program; helping to overcome "digital divide")

Fighting international terrorism: preventing terrorists' access to WMD; enhancing transportation security; cutting terrorists' financial flows

Decision to include Russia in the G8 rotating presidency cycle (2002 summit)

Outreach becomes permanent (2002 summit – NEPAD leaders; 2003 summit – 13 leaders of Asian, African and Latin-American countries; 2004 summit – Greater Middle East leaders; 2005 summit – leaders of key emerging economies)

Nuclear non-proliferation becomes an urgent issue (Iran, DPRK)

g8 functions in the international system
G8 functions in the international system

G8 as a modern "Concert of nations"?

G8 as a conspiracy of the rich?

G8 as an international interest group at the global level?

Central function: regulating a (limited) number of financial, economic, political and social processes in the international system; stimulating evolution of the system

Supporting functions:

Building confidence among G8 leaders through regular personal contacts

Facilitating identification of common interests on specific problems and harmonizing approaches to them (Medium-term economic policy in early 1990's; HIPC)

Elaborating framework rules of behavior for G8 members and initiating elaboration of universal rules (MTCR, Wassenar regime, conventions on fighting international terrorism)

Preventing/resolving crises (energy crisis of 1979; Mexican and Asian financial crises; Kosovo crisis).

g8 levels of interaction
G8 levels of interaction

G8 summit

Ministerial meetings:

- Foreign affairs

- Finance

- Justice and Interior

- Environment

- Science and technology ("Carnegie group")

- International development assistance

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Sherpa meetings

Foreign affairs sous-sherpa meetings

Finance sous-sherpa meetings

G7 deputy ministers of finance meeting

Political directors meeting

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Senior official and experts meeting:

High level group on non-proliferation.

Supervises the following groups:

- experts group on non-proliferation

- working group on Global Partnership

- nuclear safety group

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Counterterrorist action group

Experts group on terrorism (Rome group)

Senior experts group on organized crime (Lyon group)

Working group on biometrics in ID

Personal representatives group for contacts with Africa

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Group of representatives of National agencies for development assistance

Senior officials group on labor and social issues

Experts group on Afghanistan

Experts group on SALW control in Africa

Experts group on peacekeeping capacity building in Africa

russian presidency in g8
Russian presidency in G8

50-60 events as a run-up to the St.-Petersburg summit (July 15-17, 2006)

10-11 February – ministers of finance meeting (world economy, oil markets, WTO round, financing fight against dangerous diseases, development assistance, restructuring third world debt)

15-16 March – energy ministers meeting: energy security problems to be discussed

24-25 April – health ministers meeting

1-2 June – education ministers meeting

3-4 June – science and technology ministers meeting

15-16 June – interior and justice ministers meetings

29 June – foreign ministers meeting

russian presidency outreach
Russian presidency outreach

17-18 June – G8 Youth meeting

13-14 June – G8 Civil society meeting

Post-summit events

September 2006 – G8 parliamentary conference

October – labor ministers meeting

27-29 November – International forum on business community contribution to the fight against terrorism

key initiatives of the russian g8 presidency
Key initiatives of the Russian G8 presidency

Enhancing energy security

Fighting dangerous infections

Promoting professional training

energy security initiative
Energy security initiative

Strategic goal: ensuring secure supply of world economy and population with all kinds of energy at acceptable prices with minimum damage to the environment and based on the balance of interests of producers and consumers of energy resources.

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Spheres of action:

- strengthening stability and predictability of international energy markets;

- increasing investments in the world energy sector;

- promoting energy saving and energy efficiency;

- developing alternative energy sources;

- enhancing safety and reliability of world energy supply;

- reducing "energy poverty" of the Third world

initiative on fighting dangerous infections
Initiative on fighting dangerous infections

Strategic goal: strengthening WHO global network for information and analysis of infectious diseases.

G8 Action plan on bird flu and its pandemics among humans

Measures to prevent epidemics related to natural disasters

initiative on education
Initiative on education

Strategic goal: improving quality of university education in G8 countries and in the Third world.

Spheres of practical cooperation:

- modernizing certification mechanisms for the "new economy" and global labor markets

- adaptation, professional, linguistic and cultural integration of migrants

other 2006 summit issues
Other 2006 summit issues

Regional conflicts: Middle East, Iraq, Afghanistan

State of world economy and financial system

Finalizing Doha round of WTO negotiations; Russia's accession to WTO

Fighting narcotraffic and international terrorism: problem of Afghan drugs and of diffusion of extremist/terrorist ideologies through mass-media

Non-proliferation: strengthening international guaranties of access of non-nuclear states to peaceful nuclear energy

Peace-keeping in Africa

Development assistance.