The Catholic Church in the Middle Ages. Violence, Influence, and Beauty. Why was it so powerful?. It owned land It was rich-tithes, gifts It excommunicated people It could not be controlled by the King. Benefits from the Church. Provide Education. Give people hope and sense of security.
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Violence, Influence, and Beauty
It owned land
It was rich-tithes, gifts
It excommunicated people
It could not be controlled by the King
Showed the Church was center of life
Showed the Church was blessed by God
They were built by the community and became a unifying project.
They were beautiful and displayed local art and sculpture
They gave people a place to feel hope and inspiration
They revealed the power and wealth of the Church
Dark Simple interiors
High Narrow Vaults
Elaborate, Ornate interiors
Stained Glass Windows
A: A support that connected inner walls to outer towers
Q: Why are they important?
A: They support the walls so they can be higher and thinner
AND to protect
the Church from
A: Most people were illiterate so the Church used images to teach about the Bible, the danger of Hell, and the importance of the Saints.Images in the ChurchThe Use of Paintings and Stained Glass
window at Canterbury
The Seljuk Turks were invading
The Turks restricted pilgrimages to the Holy Land
Byzantines cry HELP!!
Pope Urban II agrees.
Help protect your brothers from the evil Muslims
Jerusalem needs to be rescued
Sins would immediately be forgiven
Stop fighting each other, fight the Muslims
Better land and the chance to get rich
1. Examine the sources on page 196-197 and see if you
can determine the reasons the Christians were
2. Also, according to the sources, how did many
Christians act on this Crusade?
How believable are all of these sources? For each
source, discuss one reason the report might be biased.