Life and Death & the Church in the Middle Ages. Curriculum Outcomes. 5.8 -Identify the ideals which were espoused during the Middle Ages. 5.9 -Distinguish the types of conflict which characterized the medieval period. “Last Judgment” -- 1430. The Unifying Power of the Church.
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Amidst political, economic and social chaos, the one institution that did serve to bring some unification to the multi-ethnic and multi-lingual territories of Europe was the Roman Catholic Church.
-Sent missionaries to many areas of Northern Europe, most notably the Anglo-Saxons of England
-Increased the power of the papacy, not just in the Church but for all rulers
-Birth, baptism, holidays, death – all revolve around the Church
-Mass said in Latin – peasants have no idea what is being said
-Tithes: pay 10% of what you earn to the Church (money, food or goods)
-Were expected to do some work on church land, for which they were not paid
-Tithes and free labour from peasants increased the wealth of the Church as the Middle Ages continued
-The Church was wealthier than any king in Europe (evidence: huge cathedrals, monasteries, and churches)
-Begin to be established in the 5th c.
-Removing oneself from daily life & devoting oneself to God
-Monks and nuns
-Centres of learning; preservation of Classical texts
-the Rule of St Benedict (c.530)
-Primary source: Bede (c.673-735), The Ecclesiastical History of the English People
1000 Ways to Die
Defence against the Dark Arts