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Early-Late Middle Ages: The Church 476-1500
The Church • Broad political powers; b/c central govt’s were weak • Powers across kingdoms & every social & political level • Economic force • 1100s, leading land owners
Church Hierarchy • Parish Priest • Lowest rank, served ppl of a parish • Important • Administered 5 of the 7 sacraments- ppl received God’s favor to ward off consequences of sin • Baptism, Holy Communion, penance, matrimony, & anointing of the sick & dying
Church Hierarchy • Bishop • Managed a group of parishes= diocese • King/noble selected them= family connections & political power • Many bishops were feudal lords
Church Leadership • Several dioceses (archdiocese w/ archbishop) authority over the bishops of the archdiocese • Pope= supreme authority • Advised by cardinals on legal & spiritual matters • Late 1100s on, cardinals elected the pope
Monasticism • 2 types of clergy Secular & Regular • Male monks= reg. clergy; live w/ strict rules • Also Female nuns
Monastic Lifestyles • Needed to w/draw from the world & its temptations • Served by fasting, prayer, & self-denial • Formed religious communities • Monks in monasteries & nuns in convents
Monastic Lifestyles • Many became rich b/c nobles gave $ & land • Some left to become missionaries • Spread Christianity to Ireland & England
Church Hierarchy Pope Cardinals Archbishops Bishops Priests
Quick Review • Why did the Church have strong political power during the Medieval Ages? • Even though parish priests are the lowest ranking member of the clergy, what makes their office very important? • Who is the supreme authority of the Catholic Church and who are his closest advisors? • How are monks different than parish priests and bishops?
Activity: Pope Francis • 1. What is unique to the selection of Pope Francis as the current pope? (AT LEAST 3) • 2. What characteristics & facts did you learn about Pope Francis that set him apart and make him different. ( AT LEAST 5) • 3. Why was this papal selection especially important? Explain
Activity: Pope Francis • 4. Considering what Pope Francis has done since his papal selection, which do you think sets him apart from popes before him? • 5. Which action or statement made the largest impact on you? Explain (1 paragraph)
Activity: Monastic Dialogue • With a partner • Write a dialogue between 2 peasants who are debating whether or not to join in monastic order or convent