The Cold War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Cold War

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  1. The Cold War

  2. Timeline • Hard to define • Not a formal war • Period of high tension and stand-offs • 1945-1991 (debatable timeline) • 1933 – Diplomatic Relations Cold War was more of a stare off to see whose ideology could outlast

  3. Post World War II • Europe devastated • American industrialization higher than ever before • Soviet Union has largest European army • Soviets victorious • People wondering if Communism works? • Rebuild war torn parts of World

  4. Soviet Spheres of Influence • Soviet Union liberated Eastern Europe • Build up Eastern Europe according to Marxism • Sphere of influence • Stalin wanted to create buffer zone • “Iron Curtain” according to Churchill

  5. America Sounds the Alarm • 1946, Stalin’s Speech • 1947 Winter • Britain relinquishes colonies • America afraid Soviets will take British place on world stage • Step up to stop Soviet influence

  6. Truman Doctrine • Containment of Soviet Ideology • Marshall Plan • Support Europe and rest of the world • Create conditions unfavourable to Communism

  7. Problem of Germany • Split into 4 zones • Eventually amalgamate 3 western zones • Initially, everyone agrees on goals • Overtime, different ideas for Germany’s long term future • Questions arise about German autonomy and progress in the future • Questions divide former WWII allies

  8. Arms Race • 1949, Soviets develop atomic bomb • Hydrogen bomb • Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) • Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) • Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962

  9. Proxy Fighting • Korea in 1953 • Cuba 1962 • Vietnam 1964-1975 • Israel, 1967 X-men Origins has its own version of the Cuban Missile Crisis