Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)

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  1. Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)

  2. Ming Dynasty Founder: Taizu (Hongwu Emperor)

  3. Emperor Chengzu: Yongle Period (1402-36) “Golden age” of Ming dynasty Sent Zheng He abroad

  4. Expansion of the Great Wall

  5. Ming Art Bamboo: symbol of integrity and strength Xia Chang “Scholar Painting” Calligraphic style 1460

  6. Ming Porcelain (c. 1430)

  7. Ming Dish (late 15th, early 16th century)

  8. Wucai("five-color") decoration

  9. Blanc de Chine • Bodidharma (6thth century Buddhist monk, founder of Chan (Zen) Buddhism in China • Blanc de chine • Serenity of expression • Drapery of robes • Why big earlobes?

  10. Cloisonné Jar (Xuande period: 1426-35)

  11. Stemcup with Sea Creatures

  12. Beyond Pottery…

  13. Other Advances • Compendium of Oriental Medicine,by Li Shizhen (1518 - 1593) • Agricultural Advanced (maize and potatoes from new world) • Examination system revived • “Meritocracy”: government by best performers on exams Posting of the Examination Results (Detail) 1540 (National Palace Museum, Taipei)

  14. Pipa

  15. Rag-dung • Cloisonné • Tibetan-style trumpets (call to prayer) • Likely a gift for foreign official (recall tribute system) • Collapsible! • Cloisonné usually used on boxes, vases

  16. Wardrobe (16th c) Bedding below Hats above Made without glue or nails(joinery)

  17. 700-year-old Ming Mummy

  18. The Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) Multi-ethnic state (China, Manchuria, Tibet) Manchu rulers (descendants of Jurchin people: recall Jin Dynasty during time of Southern Song) Greatest territory in the history of China Lasted until Republic of China founded (end of dynastic rule) Two major rulers, each 60-year reigns

  19. Kangxi (1662-1722) • Took throne at age 8 • Recruited scholars from the south • Won over Chinese elite and eventually the Chinese (Han) • Stabilized the empire • Moved on to building economy and encouraging arts • Southern Inspection Tours Scrolls (six journeys) Portrait of the Kangxi Emperor as a Young Man The Palace Museum, Beijing

  20. Qianlong (1736-1795) • Grandson to Kangxi • Made six journeys to south and scrolls of his own • “Universal Ruler” • Multi-ethnic state solidified • Territory expanded to greatest size • Major patron of the arts Inauguration Portraits of Qianlong, the Empress, and the Eleven Imperial Consorts (Detail) Cleveland Museum of Art

  21. Geography of Empire

  22. Qing Art • Traditionalists • Individualists • Official court artists

  23. Queue

  24. Qing Wardrobes (for the elite)