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Region 159 Referee Training Course – Part 1 (Referee & Assistant Referee) PowerPoint Presentation
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Region 159 Referee Training Course – Part 1 (Referee & Assistant Referee)

Region 159 Referee Training Course – Part 1 (Referee & Assistant Referee)

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Region 159 Referee Training Course – Part 1 (Referee & Assistant Referee)

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  1. Region 159Referee Training Course – Part 1(Referee & Assistant Referee) Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  2. Video 1 • Kids playing soccer. • @ :40 seconds Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  3. WELCOME • INSTRUCTOR CONTACT INFORMATION • RICHARD SACCOIA • 714-761-4405 • rasaccoia@yahoo.com Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  4. Part 1 Referee Training Objectives • Understand the AYSO philosophy & team concept • Know the Referee’s and ARs’ pre-game responsibilities • Learn the mechanics of Starting, Stopping, Re-starting the match • Know the proper field position for restarts • Recognize when the ball is in or out of play • Know the Referee’s and ARs’ post-game responsibilities Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  5. Part 1 Referee Training Objectives (cont) • Learn the Referee’s and Assistant Referees’ signals • Have a basic understanding of Fouls and Misconducts • Know and understand the Offside infraction and exceptions • Learn the Safe Haven policy and pass the Safe Haven exam Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  6. History of Soccer • The game of Soccer has roots as far back as the Greek and Roman Empires • The “modern” game dates back to 1863 • A group of “Gentlemen’s Schools” met to establish common ground-rules for their “football” Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  7. History of Soccer • Among the schools and clubs present were: Cambridge, Eaton, Winchester, Rugby, and Harrow • One dissenting school decided to create a different set of rules • That school was… • Rugby Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  8. History of Soccer (cont) • FIFA (International governing body) formed in 1901 • Maintains and Controls the “Laws of the Game” worldwide • USSF administers the Laws in the U.S. • Affiliated with and falls under jurisdiction of FIFA • AYSO is a direct affiliate of the USSF • AYSO follows the FIFA “Laws of the Game” as modified for youth Soccer • These modifications are authorized by FIFA law Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  9. AYSO tries to accomplish this goal with its five basic tenets: EVERYONE PLAYS - each week BALANCED TEAMS - balanced in ability OPEN REGISTRATION - anyone who wants can play POSITIVE COACHING - and parents and referees GOOD SPORTSMANSHIP - by all participants AYSO’s Guiding Principles • Our goal as Referees, in keeping with the Spirit of the Game, is to make the games: • SAFE • FAIR (The core “Spirit of the Game”) • FUN Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  10. Video 2 • Everyone Plays • Balanced Teams • Open Registration • Positive Coaching • Good Sportsmanship Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  11. Video • @1:20 minutes Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  12. The AYSO Team How many teams are on the Field at game time? • There are three on the field at every game: • The third team consists of parents and volunteers working together to support positive child development in a safe, fair, and fun soccer environment. Coachesare the foundation of the team because they spend the most time with the players. Coaches are to be Positive, Instructional, Encouraging Referees Parents Refereesrepresent the authority and are expected to be Fair, while keeping the game Funand Safe. Coaches Parentsand spectators provide the proper environment of support and acceptance. Form the AYSO Team Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  13. Referee as a Role Model • Be honest, show respect for others, and demonstrate a Positive Attitude • The referee must act and be seen as a benevolent authority with a commitment to Fun, Fairness, and Safety Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  14. Law 1 - Field of Play • Basic Requirements for a Soccer Field • The field must be a rectangle - longer than it is wide • The lines on the field are considered part of the field and the areas they enclose. • Goals and Corner Flags must be in place • A net is desirable but not mandatory • The field must be safe to play on (goals secured, field free of debris, and hazards identified). Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  15. Law 1 - Field of Play Touch line  Goal Line Penalty Area   Goal Area Center Circle Center Mark (Kickoff) Penalty Arc  Goal  Penalty Mark  (PK) Halfway Line  Corner Arc  Corner Flag Optional Flag Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  16. Law 2 – The Ball • Must be the properly sized and inflated for safety: Size 3 = U6/U8 Size 4 = U10/U12 Size 5 = U14 and up Before the game, obtain the game ball from the Home team and inspect it for size & proper inflation. The ball should also be smooth with no loose panels. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  17. Arrive Early at the Field Approximately ½ hour before game time Look for your Referee Team Pre-game Preparation • Inspect the Field • Referee & ARs together • Check Goals for Security • Check for debris and other hazards. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  18. Pre-game Preparation Pre-game instructions Referee instructs ARs regarding positioning, signals, and special duties. 15 min. Before kick-off Get Lineup Cards from coaches Check Players’ Equipment Inspect a game ball provided by the home team Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  19. Law 4 – Players Equipment • Mandatory Equipment • Shirt or Jersey • Goalkeepers must wear a color that distinguishes them from other players and the referees. • Shorts • Shin Guards • Covered completely by the socks • Must afford reasonable protection • Shoes • Need not be soccer cleats (though recommended) • Socks Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  20. Law 4 – Players Equipment (cont) • SafetyIssues • Players may NOT wear anything dangerous to themselves or others: • No jewelry is permitted • Exception: A medical alert bracelet is acceptable providing it is adequately padded to prevent injury to others • No hard clips or bobby pins in the hair • No casts or splints (of any kind…soft or hard) • No sharp edges on cleats Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  21. Pre-game Preparation (cont) 5 minutes Prior to kickoff Conduct the coin toss Winner chooses which goal they want to attack in the first half Other team kicks off to start the game Note: At the beginning of the second half, the teams switch ends of the field. AR records substitutes on Line-up card. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  22. Lineup Card 1- jpeg AYSO Official Lineup Card (Side 1) • Used to verify player status (absence). • Used to track substitutions (minimum of three “quarters” playing time). • AR places mark in the box next to the players name in the “quarters” for which they are substituted (sit out). • Used to track how long a player has played in the goalkeeper position (2 “quarters” maximum @ U10 and U12). • AR makes a tally mark in the box next to the player’s name in the half in which they score. • At the halftime break and at the end of the game, the Referee and ARs meet at the Center Circle to agree upon and record the halftime and final scores. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  23. Lineup Card 2 - jpeg AYSO Official Lineup Card (Side 2) • At the end of the game, both ARs and the Referee PRINT their names • The referee completes the “Referee Report” section • The referee then places the card in the collection box provided at each field Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  24. Pre-game Preparation (cont) 2 minutes before kickoff - AR records substitutes on Lineup Card and takes position with 2nd to last defender. • 30 seconds before kick-off • Assure correct number of players on the field and the goalkeepers are ready • Blow your Whistle…………… IT’S SHOW TIME! Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  25. Video 3 • Pre Game Duties • Have proper dress • Have your ref equipment • Check nets, flags, and ball • Inspect players • Conduct coin toss • Start match Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  26. Video • @ 4:10 minutes Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  27. Law 3 – Number of Players • There can be no more than 11 players nor less than 7 on the field. • Exceptions to the minimum number are made for short sided games (8 vs 8 in U10 Div. in Region 159). • One player MUST be designated as a goalkeeper • If the keeper is injured or incapacitated, the game must be stopped to allow for recovery or injury substitution • Player substitution occurs approximately mid-way through each half and at half-time to assure each player receives the minimum playing time. • ¾ playtime rule applies in Region 159 • Substitution may also occur to replace an injured player Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  28. Law 5 – The Referee • The Referee’s primary responsibility is the Safety of the players • Specific responsibilities include: • Enforcing the Laws of the Game • And the Spirit of the Game (to keep it Safe, Fair, & Fun) with minimal interference • Controlling the game with the help of two Assistant Referees • Maintaining control on both the field and along the touchlines (Coaches and Spectators) • Certain other and more detailed descriptions of responsibilities will be covered in the Part 2 Referee Training session. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  29. Law 6 – The Assistant Referee • The role of the two Assistant Referees (AR) is to: • Indicate to the referee: • When the whole ball has crossed the touch line or goal line and which team is entitled to a throw-in, goal kick, or corner kick • When a player should be penalized for an offside infraction • When a foul or misconduct occurs out of the referee’s view • During the taking of penalty kicks, if a goal is scored and if the goalkeeper moved forward before the ball was kicked • Record substituted players on the Official Lineup Card -to help assure each player receives adequate playing time • Assist the referee in controlling the game as one member of the three person referee TEAM Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  30. Diagonal System of Control • General Positioning using the Diagonal System of Control: • The referee will run a path approximating a diagonal from opposite corners of the field • Tries to keep play between the lead AR and him/herself (“S” shaped diagonal path) • Trails play but tries to stay within 5-8 yards of play focusing on fouls • The assistant referees are positioned on opposite sides and ends of the field and run along the touchline between the corner flag and the halfway line. • AR stays with the second to the last defender to determine offside infraction ORfollows the ball all the way to the goal line when the ball is closer to the goal line than the second to last defender.

  31. Diagonal System of Control (cont) AR’s Patrol Area Referee’s Patrol Area AR’s Patrol Area Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  32. Diagonal System of Control (cont) Where should the AR’s be positioned? Where should the Referee be positioned? Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  33. Diagonal System of Control (cont) Where should the AR’s be positioned? Where should the Referee be positioned? Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  34. Diagonal System of Control (cont) Where should the AR’s be positioned? Where should the Referee be positioned? Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  35. Law 7 – Duration of the Match • The game is divided into two equal halves • Length of each half varies by age grouping • U10 - Two halves of 25 minutes each • The break between the halves must be a minimum of 5 minutes and a maximum of 10 minutes • Length of the break is determined by the referee • The referee shall extend the half for the taking of a penalty kick after time has expired • Also for time lost due to substitution, player injury, time wasting, or other causes deemed necessary by the referee • Note: Time may expire while the ball is out of play Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  36. Video 4 • Law 8 the start and restart of play • This video discusses (in a very brief manner) the four common restarts when the ball goes over one of the lines. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  37. Video • @ 1:30 minutes Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  38. The Kick-off • At the start of the game, at the start of the 2nd half, and after a goal has been scored • Taken from the center of the field • Players on their own half of the field • Opponents must be 10 yards ( 8 yds in U10) from the ball • The ball is IN PLAY (and time starts) when the ball is kicked and moves forward (or must be retaken) • CAN score directly against an opponent Note: Any time a player puts the ball into play (Kickoff, Throw-in, Corner Kick, Goal Kick, or any Free Kick), that player cannot touch the ball again until the ball is first touched by another player. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  39. Video 5 • Kick off Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  40. @ :45 seconds Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  41. Referee’s Position for Kickoff On the same half of the field as the team kicking off Outside the center circle and generally in line with the ball and leading Assistant Referee Assistant Referees’ Position for Kickoff Aligned with the second to last defender Referee & AR Positions at Kick-off AR R Direction of Kickoff AR Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  42. Law 9 - Ball in & Out of Play • The ball is out of play when: • The whole ball has completely crossed a touch line or a goal line on the ground or in the air…. • OR when the referee has stopped play for any reason • The ball is in play at all other times • Including when it rebounds from a goalpost, crossbar, corner flag, the referee, or an AR(?) and remains on the field Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  43. Law 9 - Ball in & Out of Play (cont) Out of Play Touch Line In Play Goal Line Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  44. GOAL The wholeball must completely cross the goal line between the goalposts and beneath the crossbar Law 10 - Method of Scoring GOAL YES NO GOAL LINE Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  45. Law 8 - The Dropped Ball • The referee has discretionary power to stop the game… • To deal with an injured player • To remove an outside agent that jeopardizes play • Or for any other reason deemed necessary • Mistakenly blows the whistle! Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  46. Law 8 - The Dropped Ball (cont) • The Restart in these circumstances is a Dropped Ball • Dropped at the point where the ball was when play was stopped • If play is stopped in the goal area, the ball is dropped at the “six yard line” • The ball is in play after it touches the ground. • If played before it touches the ground, the ball must be dropped again Note: EXCEPTION TO DOUBLE TOUCH RULE…The Referee puts the ball in play, not the player. The first player to touch the ball, after it hits the ground, is free to continue playing the ball. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  47. Video 6 • Dropped ball Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  48. Video • @ :25 seconds Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  49. Law 15 - Throw-in • Awarded when the ball goes out of play across a TOUCH line • Awarded to the opponents of the team that touched the ball last. Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1

  50. Law 15 - Throw-in (cont) • The Assistant Referee signals that the ball fully crossed the touchline and gives the direction of the throw-in using the flag • Hold the flag at a 45° angle up in • the direction the team taking the Throw-in is playing • Switch hands if necessary before signaling direction Region 159 Referee Training Course - Part 1