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R1 Clinic Iroquois Empire Region (IREVA) 2013 - 2014. IREVA Information USAV Rule Changes USAV Rule Reminders IREVA-Specific Rules Points of Emphasis R2 and SK Certification. R2 Training Signal Mechanics Head Referee Duties Referee Pay Other Stuff Websites and Resources.

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R1 clinic iroquois empire region ireva 2013 2014
R1 ClinicIroquois Empire Region (IREVA) 2013 - 2014

  • IREVA Information

  • USAV Rule Changes

  • USAV Rule Reminders

  • IREVA-Specific Rules

  • Points of Emphasis

  • R2 and SK Certification

  • R2 Training

  • Signal Mechanics

  • Head Referee Duties

  • Referee Pay

  • Other Stuff

  • Websites and Resources

Ireva referee prerequisites 1
IREVA Referee Prerequisites - 1

  • Register with IREVA and pay dues https://webpoint.usavolleyball.org/wp15/IntraLock/Login.asp

    • USAV season starts on 9/1 each year and expires 10/31 of the following year (14 months)

    • Use Club “REFEREES” unless already affiliated with another Club as a player or coach

  • Complete Background Check, required for all referees biennially

    • If you re-registered before 10/31, check your Background Check status to make sure it is still valid. Background checks are valid for two years.

  • If not already in Arbiter, request an invitation to Arbiter from Tim Stewart (assignor@ireva.org)

    • Verify / update your profile and fill in availability / block dates unavailable

    • Please minimize Turnbacks by keeping your availability up-to-date!

  • Inform Referee Director and Assignor of any specific limitations or other requests affecting assignment at tournaments (e.g., travel less than xx miles or hours, Sunday limitations, JO only, Club/Team conflicts, no overnight, etc)

Ireva referee prerequisites 2
IREVA Referee Prerequisites – 2

  • Attend IREVA first referee clinic annually

  • Review relevant on-line training material at www.volleyballreftraining.com

  • Take and correct to 100% the on-line Referee test (Referee Exam A (Regionals, JN, Nat) or C (Provisionals) at www.volleyballreftraining.com prior to Feb 1. Initial passing scores are:

    • Provisional 70%

    • Regional 80%

    • National / Junior National 90% (60 minute time limit)

  • You must also be certified as a Scorer at the same or higher level as your referee rating (i.e., Provisional Referees must be at least certified Provisional Scorers, etc)

    • Either attend a clinic or review the clinic charts at IREVA website

    • Take and correct to 100% the on-line Scorer test (Scorer Exam A at www.volleyballreftraining.com).

    • Complete a two-set scoresheet at an IREVA tournament

    • Regional Scorer certification also requires a rating – see any SK clinician

  • Ireva referee prerequisites 3
    IREVA Referee Prerequisites – 3

    • Be available/willing to work at least one of our major tournaments (GNE, Regionals)

    • Remain in Good Standing throughout the season

    • Seek out and/or provide mentoring with other referees

    • For any exceptions, discuss with Referee Director

    • Note that referees must be members of IREVA, but are not employees of IREVA. We are independent contractors, and as such need to manage our expenses, payments, and taxes independently.

    • Referees are assigned to tournaments and other IREVA events based on the tournament needs, geographic locations, and individual’s availability as recorded in Arbiter at the time the Referee Assignor makes assignments. Please keep your availability updated and minimize turnbacks!

    Ireva information 2012 2013
    IREVA Information 2012 - 2013

    • Referee Director: Mike McNeil (referee@ireva.org)

      • Referee coordination, Rules Interpretation, Uniform Issues

    • Scorer Development Committee: John Frankl

      • Scorer certification and development

    • Referee Development Chairperson: Howard Veater

      • Coordinates referee training and evaluation for both R1 and R2

    • Referee Tournament Procedures Chairperson: Rob Malvasi

      • Head Official responsibilities, Tournament procedures

    • Referee Recruiting and Outreach Chairperson: Andy Robble

    • Assignor: Tim Stewart

      • Assigns referees to tournaments using Arbiter, subject to tournament needs, referee availability, and completion of all prerequisites

    • *Note: We are looking for officials to participate on all committees!

    Ireva national level officials
    IREVA National-level Officials

    • FIVB-International Referee

      • Hansen Leong: USAV National rating team, PAVO National Referee, AVP Referee

    • National Referees

      • Jim Kramar: PAVO National Referee, National Scorekeeper

      • Mike McNeil: National Scorekeeper (International Qualified)

      • Don Miller: PAVO National Referee

      • Howard Veater: PAVO State Referee, National Scorekeeper

      • Mara Wager: USAV and PAVO National rating team, PAVO National Referee

    • Junior National Referees

      • Thom Carrier: PAVO State Referee, National Scorekeeper

      • Josh Huntley, PAVO State Referee, National Scorekeeper

      • Tim Skinner: PAVO State Referee

      • Tim Stewart: PAVO National Referee

    • National Scorekeepers

      • Pat Hanlon, Andrew McNeil, Ben Rosenthal

    Usav rule changes
    USAV Rule Changes

    • New for 2013 - 2015: There is a new rulebook for the next two years, the 2013 – 2015 Domestic Competition Regulations (DCR).

    • USAV rules follow FIVB rules, with several exceptions noted in the USAV grey boxes in the DCR.

    • http://bit.ly/16RqBkA

    • IREVA follows USAV rules, with several IREVA exceptions as noted later in this presentation.

    Usav rule non change
    USAV Rule Non-Change

    • Note that USAV is NOT adopting FIVB rule 9.2.4, which makes it a fault, during the reception of service, to make a double contact or catch the ball using overhand finger action.

    • Therefore, it is still legal to make the first contact of the ball by a team, either a service or a ball directed into the opponent’s court, using multiple contacts in one continuous attempt to play the ball. It is always illegal to catch or throw the ball during any playing action.

    Usav rule changes1
    USAV Rule Changes

    • FIVB Rule 12.5, Screening

    • It is illegal for the players on the serving team to prevent their opponents from seeing the server AND the flight path of the ball. [This used to say OR, not AND]

    Usav rule changes2
    USAV Rule Changes

    • FIVB Rule 21, Misconduct and its Sanctions

    • We are going back to the older system of cards (same as NCAA):

    • Warnings

      • Verbal warning(s)

      • Yellow card for a formal Warning (only one per team per match!)

    • Sanctions (progressive per person)

      • Red card for a Penalty

      • Red and Yellow cards held together for an Expulsion

      • Red and Yellow cards held apart for a Disqualification

    Usav rule changes3
    USAV Rule Changes


    • Incorrect conduct by a team member towards officials, opponents, teammates or spectators is classified in three categories according to the seriousness of the offense.

    •  21.2.1 Rude conduct: action contrary to good manners or moral principles, or any action expressing contempt.

    • -> Red Card: Penalty & loss of point

    •  21.2.2 Offensive conduct: defamatory or insulting words or gestures.

    • -> Red & Yellow Cards together: Expulsion from the set

    •  21.2.3 Aggression: actual physical attack or aggressive or threatening behavior.

    • -> Red & Yellow Cards apart: Disqualification from the match

    Usav rule changes4
    USAV Rule Changes

    • USAV Rules, 7.5.4, 7.7.2, and, Illegal Player on Court

    • If an illegal player is discovered on the court, all points scored by the team at fault will be removed going back to the point at which the fault occurred. This might go all the way back to the beginning of the set, removing all points scored in the set so far!

    Usav rule changes5
    USAV Rule Changes

    • USAV Rule 11.2.2, Centerline Violation

    • USAV is adopting the current NCAA women’s centerline rule. It is no longer a fault to penetrate the centerline into the opponent’s court with any body part (even feet) as long as:

    • Some part of the body is on or above the centerline

    • There is no interference with opponents

    • There is no safety hazard

    • Note: If the ball goes under the net, it may be retrieved as long as it has not completely penetrated the net totally into the opponent’s court.

    Usav rule changes6
    USAV Rule Changes

    • USAV Rule 19, Libero

    • If an illegal libero replacement is noticed by the officials, it will be immediately corrected and a team delay given.

    • A libero may be declared unable to play, in addition to becoming unable to play due to injury, illness, expulsion, or disqualification. A libero who is unable to play may be replaced by a re-designated libero. Note that the replaced libero may not play in any capacity for the remainder of the match.

    Usav rule changes7
    USAV Rule Changes

    • USAV Rule 19, The Libero

    • Option 1: Each team has the right to designate from the list of players two (2) specialized defensive players for the match: Liberos.

    •  Note: If two liberos are used, they may only play libero for the entire match, and may not be used as a regular player (except as an exceptional substitute for an injured player).

    Usav rule changes8
    USAV Rule Changes

    • Option 2: A team may use the old-style one or no libero per set instead of the new “two liberos for the match” rule. The libero player may be used as a regular player in a different set in the match. This option is selected by identifying either one or no libero in the line-up sheet for set 1 in a match.

    • Note: You cannot mix the two libero option with the one or no libero option in the same match!

    • Note: Each player must have her/his own uniform with team and libero jersey distinct number.

    Usav rule reminders
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • Rule 19.2 USAV: The Libero player's jersey must contrast with the predominant colors of the jerseys of the other team members. Color combinations such as purple/black, dark green/black, navy/maroon, and white/light yellow are not distinctive enough to comply with the rules.

      • Commentary: predominant colors means that if a team's jersey is 60/40 red and black, or if a jersey has a wide side panel (not trim less than 2” wide) contrasting with the main jersey color, the libero's jersey must contrast with BOTH colors.

    Usav rule reminders1
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • Check libero jersey legality during warm-ups; don’t wait until they march out onto the court or attempt to enter the set!

      • If the libero jersey is not contrasting in your judgment, then ask the coach or captain if they have an alternate jersey that is contrasting.

      • If they don’t have a contrasting jersey, we will let them play in IREVA with only a warning and no penalty. Report the issue to your Head Referee after the match. The Head Referee should report all uniform issues, including non-contrasting libero jerseys, to the Referee Chair after the tournament.

    Usav rule changes9
    USAV Rule Changes

    • Starting next year in 2014-2015:

    • As of SEPTEMBER 1, 2014, it is required that either the Libero or their teammates wear a solid color jersey.  The solid color jersey must clearly contrast from the predominant color(s) of the teammates' jersey.  Predominant colors are those that appear on approximately half of the body of the uniform jersey. 

    • To be considered solid colored:

    •      a.  Sleeves must be the same color as the body of the jersey.

    •     b.  Piping/trim not exceeding 1 inch in total at its widest point may be placed along the seams and may be a different color than the uniform jersey.

    •     c.  Lettering and collars can be a different color than the body of the jersey.

    •     d.  Numbers must be a contrasting color and meet all other specifications in Rule 4.3.3 and associated USAV regulations.

    Usav rule reminders2
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • Sleeve length: Mixing short and long sleeve jerseys is acceptable. However, sleeve-less or tank-top jerseys are considered a different style and may not be mixed with sleeved jerseys.

    • If any player wears exposed under-garments, then any other player on that team wearing similar exposed under-garments must be identical in both style, material, and color.

    Usav rule reminders3
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • USAV 4.5.1: There is no longer a prohibition for adult players to wear jewelry, unless it may cause an injury. A junior volleyball athlete participating in a junior event may not wear jewelry.

    • Large dangling earrings, non-smooth rings, iPods, ear-buds and earphones may cause injury to either a player or his/her teammates and are prohibited. This is the R1’s judgment, not the player’s judgment!

    • Jewelry that is taped or covered up is not legal. In USAV, the referee may not force a player remove tape to verify if there is jewelry underneath. However, if during the match it is discovered that the player has illegal jewelry, a Team Delay sanction will be issued and the jewelry must be removed.

    Usav rule reminders4
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • Note: If a junior volleyball athlete or entire team plays in an adult tournament, then they will follow the adult rules for that adult tournament, including the adult jewelry and no matching shorts rules.

    • Similarly, if a 12&U or 14&U team plays in a 13&U or 15&U or higher age tournament, then that team will abide by the rules of the tournament, not the team’s age level. For example, there will be no service step in allowed for a 12&U team playing in a 13&U tournament, or no service re-toss for a 14&U team playing in a 15&U tournament.

    Usav rule reminders5
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • 4.2.1 The players not in play should either sit on their team bench or be in their warm-up area. The coach and other team members sit on the bench, but may temporarily leave it. The benches for the teams are located beside the scorer’s table, outside the free zone.

    • -> check for chairs in the substitution zone before the match!

    • USAV 1.4.5: The warm-up area is at the end of the bench or bench area, and no nearer to the court than the front of the team bench. Substitutes must not interfere with play or the officials’ duties.

    • Reminder: Only players listed on the roster may sit at the team bench (with the exception of the Club Director).

    •  Note: During warm-ups, only USAV-registered members are allowed on the court (such as parents or siblings shagging balls).

    Usav rule reminders6
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • The Coach sits on the team bench nearest to the scorer, but may leave it; [If the Head Coach chooses to stand, the first chair should remain unoccupied.]

    • The Coach may, as well as other team members, give instructions to the players on the court.

    •  USAV During play, the coach may give these instructions while standing or walking within the free zone in front of his/her team’s bench from the extension of the attack line up to the warm-up area, no closer to the court than 1.75 m (5’10”) from the sideline and its extension without disturbing or delaying the match. The extension of the attack line is drawn to a distance of 1.75 m (5’10”) from the sideline.

    Usav rule reminders7
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • USAV 5.2.3: During the match, the head coach is authorized to speak to the referees to verify the positions of the teams. The captain may also request a Line-up check.

    •  Note for coaches and captains: “Line-up checks are your friend!” If your players are confused about their positions on the court or are out of rotation, you may request a line-up check (before the beckon for service) to get them in the proper court position.

    • -> Be proactive to resolve potential rotation faults

    • Line-up checks may be requested after an incomplete rally as well as after completed rallies

    Usav rule reminders8
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • 5.3.1 The assistant coach sits on the team bench, but has no right to intervene in the match. This prohibition includes asking the R2 or Scorer any questions, or questioning the judgment of the R1’s calls.

    • USAV 5.3.1: One assistant coach at a time may leave the bench to give instructions to the players on the court.

    Usav rule reminders9
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • Protests considered by the first referee (Protest Committee) are:

    • a misinterpretation of a playing rule,

    • failure of the first referee to apply the correct rule to a given situation, or

    • failure to charge the correct penalty-sanction for a given fault.

    • Referee judgment is NOTprotestable, nor are Line Judge judgment calls or an R1 overruling a LJ call!

    • Protests must be properly requested by the floor captain prior to the beckon for the next point, 60 seconds after the last point of a set, or before the referees leave the area after the last point of the match

    • All protests will be resolved immediately by the Protest Committee (typically the Tournament Director, Head Referee, and one other knowledgeable person)

    Usav rule reminders10
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • The First Referee performs the toss with the team captains.

    •  Note: For IREVA, sending multiple team representatives (including a libero) to the coin toss at the beginning of a match is acceptable, as long as the team captain is present. A libero cannot be the team or floor captain.

    • Because there is no home or away team, simply designate one team as “Heads” and the other as “Tails”, and flip the coin. Catch the flipped coin in mid-air and do not flip it over.

    Usav rule reminders11
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • There must be a minimum of two meters unobstructed depth in the Service Zone. If there is not at least 2 meters, then a service line with the minimum distance must be taped on the court. Step-in is not allowed.

    • Overhead obstructions: If an object (such as a basketball backboard) over a playable area is less than 15 feet from the floor and the ball contacts it during play (other than the service or from the opposing court, which is automatically Ball Out), then the rally is immediately whistled dead. It is then the referee’s judgment as to whether there might have been a viable play (in which case a playover is granted) or if the ball would have been unplayable (in which case the rally is completed with a Ball Out fault).

    • The Head Referee should review all site issues and groundrules prior to the first match of the day with all referees.

    • * Note that IREVA reviews all sites for safety issues and facility compliance. Check the IREVA website for recognized site-specific concerns.

    Usav rule reminders12
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • Rosters should be “frozen” prior to the start of play of any competition (either single-day or multi-day tournaments). The Tournament Director may or may not allow roster changes after a team starts play, dependent on the circumstances and the Tournament Director’s judgment.

    • Note that if a legal player is listed on the roster but does not show up or play in the first or any matches in pool play, that player is still legal and may play in subsequent matches and playoffs after she/he arrives. Players should NOT be scratched off the roster if they are not present at the team’s first match unless the Coach or Team Captain is sure they will not participate in the tournament at all. If unsure, leave them on.

    Usav rule reminders13
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • Libero service – Allowed for everyone (Girls, Boys, Adults)

      • Modification of Rule

        • In one rotation, the libero may replace the player in position 1 to serve.

        • Commentary: either/both liberos may serve for one POSITION in the service order, but do not have to serve every time that position is serving.

      • Modification of Rule

        • There must be at least one completed rally between libero replacements, unless the libero is replacing the player in position 1 and is the next correct server.

        • Commentary: in this case, there will be two regular players making a replacement in the libero replacement zone.

    • A triangle should be placed around the service position (i.e., Roman Numeral in the line-up) to indicate which position the libero(s) has served in, and all points scored when the libero serves are triangled, not slashed, in the Running score column.

    Fivb usav ball handling guidance
    FIVB/USAV Ball Handling Guidance

    • Only the most obvious violations will be whistled

      • The referee’s ball handling judgment must be in accordance with the spirit of rules to encourage longer rallies and spectacular actions.

    • When a player is not in a very good position to play the ball (because of a bad pass or some other action outside of the player’s control), ball handling judgment should be less severe.

    • The referees’ role is to enhance the excitement of volleyball by allowing the spectacular elements of the game, and to highlight the skill and athleticism of the players.

    • In all cases, referees must judge the contact of the ball, and not the technique, body position, spin, or sound.

    J udgment

    • Although our goal as a refereeing corps is to be consistent for both teams during the entire match and between referees across matches for the entire tournament and season, we must constantly adjust our judgment calls slightly to adapt to the level of play.  While tight double and lift calls may be appropriate for a spirited 18&U finals or men’s BB match, the same level of tight calls for a weak 14&Upool play match will likely result in dozens of calls that “take the game away” from the participants and result in an unsatisfactory experience for everyone involved.


    • Remember that it is our job to facilitate the match, and not to exert undue control over the match and match participants.  There have been several reported incidents at tournaments last year where the referee has challenged the coaching staff or made remarks to the players or coaches that were perceived as offensive or intimidating.  Please do not make remarks to the players or coaches during the match or between sets, unless they are necessary and constructive comments relative to the rules of the game or in response to properly phrased questions from the floorcaptain (or coach for 14&U teams).  Even if they are meant to be encouraging, comments are many times perceived in the heat of the moment as offensive or intimidating.  If teams are having problems with position faults, rotation errors, substitution procedures, libero exchanges, or other match mechanics or rule compliance, please use ‘defensive officiating’ and be proactive to attempt to prevent faults from occurring, but be careful on how you phrase your words and your body language.  Maintaining a professional tone and appearance is crucial.

    Referee critical errors
    Referee Critical Errors

    • Conduct such as, but not limited to:

      • • Making derogatory remarks to coaches, players, or spectators.

      • • Engaging in interactions with spectators.

      • • Displaying unsupportive attitude regarding the decisions or performance of other officials.

      • • Using alcohol or drugs.

      • • Making racial slurs.

      • • Making sexual remarks.

      • • Fraternizing with players, coaches, or spectators while in uniform.

      • • Showing favoritism toward a team.

      • • Completely losing control of team conduct during a match.

      • • Following an incorrect protest procedure.

      • • Other unprofessional or unethical conduct.

    Ireva specific rules
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • IMPORTANT NOTE: IREVA-specific rules are not optional nor subject to Tournament Director or Head Referee discretion – they are to be followed consistently at all IREVA tournaments.

    • IREVA-specific rules are approved by the BoD, documented, and available on the IREVA website

    • Conversely, these region-specific rules are not applicable at National Events or tournaments in most other regions.

    • DO NOT use these region-specific rules when taking the on-line referee or scorekeeper tests!

    • Tournament Directors should ensure that all out-of-region teams entering their events are aware of this policy.

    Ireva specific rules1
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • Ghost player – for ADULT tournaments

      • A team with only 5 players at a tournament [due to injury, late arrival, but not expulsion or disqualification] will be allowed [at their option] to play any remaining sets in pool [not playoffs], but will forfeit all sets in which they only have 5 players. Any sets in which the 5-player team plays will be officiated, and the 6th player’s “ghost” will be accounted for with respect to front and back row positioning, service, etc.

        • Record, in the comment section of the score sheet, that the team is using a ghost player.

        • When the ghost player is in the front row, only two other players are considered front-row players.

        • When the ghost player's position rotates to the service position, the team loses the service back to the other team, which rotates a position to their next server.

    Ireva specific rules2
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • Ghost player – for JO tournaments

      • IREVA will not permit JO teams to enter tournaments, or begin events, with five players.

      • If during the course of a tournament a player is injured and cannot continue (but not due to expulsion or disqualification), the team may be permitted to play with five players if the Tournament Director and opposing teams’ coaches agree to allow them to continue. The results of those sets will all be considered forfeits by the team with five players.

    R1 clinic iroquois empire region ireva 2013 2014

    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • “+2” Rule for Adult Team Membership

      • Normally, each team must consist of only eligible players from within their club.

      • IREVA now allows an adult team to add up to 2 USAV-registered players to their roster from outside their club (except for Regionals).

    R1 clinic iroquois empire region ireva 2013 2014

    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • JO Co-ed and Mixed Gender Competition

      • 14&U boys’ teams are allowed to enter and participate in girls’ tournaments.

        • A 14&U boys’ team winning a girls tournament must move to the next higher age level.

      • 12&U teams are allowed to be coed.

    Ireva specific rules3
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • 12&U: For 12&U and younger competition, one foot is allowed to step into the court during the service.

    • 12&U and younger competition will use Volley-Lite volleyballs.

    • Reminders:

    • Note: 12&U net height is 7’ 0” (4.125” lower than normal girls/women’s net height)

    • Note: 12&U teams competing in a 13&U or higher age level competition will play by the higher age level rules.

    • Tournament Directors may establish deviations for younger age group tournaments to facilitate competition, but they must be clearly communicated to all participants (both coaches and referees) prior to play.

    Usav rule reminders14
    USAV Rule Reminders

    • Remember, for 14&U and younger age group competitions, they are allowed 5 seconds to serve with one service tossing error re-attempt per service. Also, the Coach may act for the floor captain.

    • Note: The coach, even acting as the floor captain for a 14&U team, may never walk across the court during play to talk with the R1. If absolutely necessary and as a last resort, get off the stand and go to his/her bench area.

    • Also, do not get down off the ladder during a match except as a last resort to take care of a scorekeeping or other issue that your work team cannot handle.

    Ireva specific rules4
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • Developmental Tournaments

      • Typically for beginning JOs

      • Relaxed rules for Uniforms, # of Time-outs, disruptive coaching, coaches entering the playing area, etc.

      • No regular referees, except for one Head Official

      • Coaches or players serve as R1

    Ireva specific rules5
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • Non-standard set (game) or match

      • A standard USAV match is best 2 out of 3 sets, each set starting at 0 ending at 25 points, win by at least 2 points, no cap; deciding set (if needed) to 15 points switch at 8

      • A standard USAV one-set playoff is 25 points, switch at 13

      • Tournament Directors may define local exceptions, including:

        • One, two or three sets per match, no deciding set

        • 21 point set (or any other # of points); start score at 4-4 (or whatever) so that the set ends at 25; hourglass unused points in running score

        • Point cap at 27 or some other limit

        • Warm-up time periods other than 10 minutes (although JO tournaments should never have shared hitting!)

    Ireva specific rules6
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • Uniform #s: A team may have two different sets of uniform numbers, but they must both be listed on the roster. Team players may not share or switch uniform numbers within one set of uniforms.

    Ireva specific rules7
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • Uniform Rule Change: For adult tournaments only, matching shorts are no longer required. Matching team jerseys and contrasting Libero jerseys are still required. Note that matching shorts will still be required in some other regions and at all National events.

    • Note: Shorts and jerseys for JOs (Girls and Boys) must still be uniform (same color and style with an exception for small logos).

    Points of emphasis
    Points of Emphasis

    • JO Shorts must be similar except for the libero!

      • Examples on non-similarity (this is NOT a complete list):

        • Pin-striped shorts and plain shorts

        • Spandex and non-spandex shorts

        • Plain black basketball shorts without pockets and plain black board shorts with pocket flaps

        • Short spandex and calf length spandex

        • Short running shorts and long board shorts

        • Black and dark blue shorts

        • Different color or design shorts

    • An exception is made for small logos that may be different (< 2.25 inches square) or uniform #s

    Points of emphasis1
    Points of Emphasis

    • Team jerseys must match

    • - Contrasting numbers

    • - Short and long sleeves may be mixed

    • - Tank tops are different than short or long sleeves

      • Allowable #s are 1 – 99; no 0 or 00!

      • Exposed undergarments must match if worn by more than one player

      • Two libero uniforms (shorts or jerseys) do not have to match each other; each jersey must contrast with the team uniform

    Points of emphasis2
    Points of Emphasis

    • Exceptions: Uniforms

      • If a player has a signed note or email from the Referee Director saying that their uniforms are OK, then their uniforms are acceptable for IREVA tournaments

      • If a team has non-compliant uniforms, then they should be warned of the non-compliance by the match official and/or Head Official, but allowed to play that day. The Head Official will report the issue to the Referee Director after the tournament, and the Referee Director will handle warnings and sanctions for repeated offenses.

      • Uniforms may not display club or team names that have been deemed inappropriate and not approved

      • Also, disapproved team/club names may not be used on scoresheets, tournament results, warm-ups, stickers, etc.

    Team roster checks
    Team Roster Checks

    • *** Continued emphasis this season***

    • At the beginning of the first match of the day for every team, the R1 must check all team rosters and verify that the participants are on the roster

      • For a normal 5-team pool, this normally means that you will be checking team rosters for the first three matches of the day

      • The Tournament Director will provide the rosters at the score table

      • You should be verifying the player numbers and total amount of players

      • You are NOT normally checking player’s by name nor disrupting the match warmups, just checking to verify that the correct amount of players and player numbers match the roster

        • The TD should have already checked for valid USAV membership #s and one-time registrations

        • In exceptional situations, you are authorized to ask the team coach or captain for a valid form of identification to verify the identify of all players on the roster

        • It is OK if a player(s) on the roster is not present at the first match. They may still come later in the day and play, even in playoffs!

    Team roster dual numbers
    Team Roster Dual Numbers

    • It is acceptable for a team to have two sets of numbers for different sets of uniforms to be used throughout the day. Both sets of numbers should be listed on the roster, and both sets of uniforms should be verified during the roster check

    • Players may not switch jersey numbers with another player within one set of uniforms, including libero jerseys

    • It is highly recommended that all players should warm up in uniform to enable the roster checks, but it is acceptable to have the jerseys visible on the bench for roster verification if players insist on warming up in warm-up attire

    Points of emphasis3
    Points of Emphasis

    • Artificial noisemakers: Although there is nothing explicitly in the DCR prohibiting artificial noisemakers, it is strongly recommended that extremely loud or disruptive noisemaking devices (such as whistles, airhorns, cowbells, horns, drums, etc.) not be used by spectators (or participants). The Referee is responsible for match participants, and the Tournament Director is responsible for spectators. Refer to the Spectator Code of Conduct.

    Ball on the court
    Ball on the Court

    • When a ball (or other potential interference) comes on or near your court, you do not necessarily blow your whistle immediately and stop play. You should make a judgment on whether there is a safety issue or if the ball actually interferes with play.

      • Merely being a distraction does not constitute interference

      • If there a question about whether there is (or may be) a safety issue, err on the side of safety and stop play

      • Discuss this with the captains and your line judges at the pre-match meetings

    • If play is stopped or if you blow an early or inadvertent whistle, it is not necessarily an automatic playover. You must make a decision that does not penalize either team.

    Screening things to consider
    Screening & Things to Consider

    • Rule 12.5.1 The players of the serving team must not prevent their opponent, through individual or collective screening, from seeing the server and the flight path of the ball.

    • Movement of players on serving team

    • Speed / Trajectory of the serve, low and fast = greater chance of screen

    • Separation of players

    • Players bending over or turning sideways

    Area of possible screen.

    Not a screen.

    Not a screen.

    Back row attack
    Back Row Attack


    Top of net


    Also the Libero above the height of the net from anywhere!

    On/in front

    Attack line

    Coaches player conduct and sanctions
    Coaches / Player Conduct and Sanctions

    • Don’t be afraid to use sanctions and cards when appropriate:

      • Use a verbal warning to head off inappropriate behavior; use your whistle and be clear what you are communicating; nothing is recorded on the scoresheet

      • Formal warning: Yellow card (one per team per match)

      • Team Delay Sanction: Warning for first offense in a match (Yellow card held against wrist), then Penalty for all subsequent sanctions in the match (Red card held against wrist)

      • Rude behavior: Red Card (Penalty; Point and loss of rally)

      • Offensive behavior or repeated Rude behavior: Red/Yellow Cards together (Expulsion for this set; no additional point)

      • Aggressive behavior or repeated Offensive behavior: Red/Yellow cards apart (Disqualification for the match; no additional point)

    • Also inform Head Official and Tournament Director of any Expulsions, Disqualifications, or other significant issues

    • First Referee has control of participants during a match; before or after a match, the Tournament Director, Site Coordinator or Arbiter are responsible for participant and spectator control

    Referee vs td responsibilities
    Referee vs TD Responsibilities

    • 1] if a behavior problem persists into or arises in a match among the participants, the referee should use the whistle and cards as warranted.

    •  2] use an event arbiter to address ethics and eligibility issues, such as at nationals and qualifiers. Most IREVA events are not of such magnitude to warrant this approach, but if there is, the policy and procedure needs to be written into the event guidelines. In lieu of an arbiter, the Tournament Director or Site Coordinator is responsible for behavior issues outside of the match, not the referee.

    •  3] any event participant may submit a formal complaint to the TD. A TD should have the right to eject someone for cause, presumably with due process to be followed via a protest committee. This gets to be complex at a multi-site event with site coordinators with unclear authority added to the mix.

    •  4] if warranted, the TD can call the police.

    • 5] the Spectator Code of Conduct should be prominently displayed at all sites

    • 6] any event participant may submit a grievance to IREVA after the event.

    Ireva specific rules8
    IREVA-Specific Rules

    • Work teams must provide a full complement of officials including Scorer, Assistant Scorer (Libero Tracker), Score Flipper, Second Referee, and two Line Judges. All work team participants must be capable prior to Jan 31 and formally certified after Jan 31 of each season.

    • Work teams must be supervised by a rostered adult AT or NEAR the scoretable during the work team’s assignment. It is required that the rostered adult be knowledgeable in the rules of the game and specifically for the roles of Scorer, Second Referee, and Line Judge. It is highly recommended that the rostered adult be certified! The rostered adult could be the Head Coach, an Assistant Coach, Chaperone, or any other registered USAV player over 18 years old with a background check listed on the roster.

    R2 and sk certification
    R2 and SK Certification

    • In order to obtain certification as either an R2 or scorer, there are three requirements:

      • Attend a clinic (or for adults, review the clinic material on-line)

      • Take and pass the test, correcting it to 100%

        • For JOs and adults attending a JO clinic, we will have a hardcopy test for either scorers or R2 that will be taken and corrected at the clinic

        • For other adults and JOs that cannot attend a clinic, there is an on-line clinic and test at www.VolleyballRefTraining.com

      • Demonstrate practical application by either completing a two-set scoresheet or performing successfully as R2 at a match

    R2 and sk certification1
    R2 and SK Certification

    • We will conditionally certify scorers and R2 in WebPoint after they have completed steps 1 and 2, and then monitor scoresheets as they are turned in from IREVA tournaments for successful demonstration of required skills. If practical application of skills is not successfully demonstrated, additional training or revocation of certification may be required.

    • This may reduce the need to hold a scrimmage match at the clinic.

    • Note that only registered USAV members can be formally certified. Un-registered parents and others are encouraged to attend clinics to understand the rules, but they cannot be certified unless they register.

    R2 and sk certification2
    R2 and SK Certification

    • Scorer certification in IREVA is valid for two years, expiring on Oct 31 in the second season after certification.

    • R2 certification is valid for the two years of the current DCR (Domestic Competition Regulations, aka the rulebook). This season is the first year of the 2013 – 2015 DCR, so everyone will need to be certified / re-certified this season. New certifications will be valid through Oct 31, 2015.

    New scoresheet this season
    New Scoresheet this Season

    • Note that there will be a new scoresheet this season. It contains the same information, but it has been reformatted significantly. It also adds a place to write in the match winner, in addition to each set winner.

    • After both coaches (JOs) or captains (adults) sign all scoresheets, you must verify that not only are the winning and losing teams and scores correct, but that all necessary Heading information is filled in (match #, court, time, etc.) and other information properly filled out (starting and ending times, exit scores circled, unused points hourglassed, substitutions correct, triangles for libero servers, etc.) before you sign all scoresheets from the match.

    Points of emphasis4
    Points of emphasis

    • Confirmation of Second Referee and Scorer Capabilities

      • For every match at all tournaments, in addition to thanking the all members of the work team after the match, the First Referee should provide verbal feedback to the Second Referee and Scorer on her/his performance and any suggestions for improvement.

      • *** Continued emphasis this season*** The First Referee will also note if the R2’s or SK’s performance is not acceptable and needs improvement in specific areas on the scoresheet in the Comments section next to the Second Referee’s name (ensuring that the R2’s or SK’s name and Working Team name are legible). If they are acceptable, nothing needs to be recorded. Subsequent review of the scoresheets will flag any R2 or SK needing assistance and may result in revoking their certification status in WebPoint.

    Points of emphasis5
    Points of emphasis

    • Scorer Minimum Proficiencies

    • No use of electronic devices (cell phones, iPods, etc.) during the match

    • No food or drink ON the scoring table (put anything on your lap or under the table)

    • Demonstrates proficiency in the following:

      • Correctly records:

        • results of coin toss (serving and receiving team information)

        • starting line-ups

      • Confirms the correct server using tic marks

      • Slashes running score column points (or triangles for libero server points scored)

      • Enters exit scores

      • Substitutions

        • Slashes player number exiting set and enters player number entering set

        • Enters score and slashes the total team sub count

      • Records time outs

      • At the end of the set:

        • Enters end time, circles final exit scores, and hourglasses unused points in running score columns

        • correctly enters winning and losing teams & scores in results section

    Points of emphasis6
    Points of emphasis

    • Second Referee Minimum Proficiencies

      • 1. Brings own whistle

      • 2. Whistle – loud, crisp, timely

      • 3. Correctly checks line-ups prior to each set

      • 4. Observes receiving team during service action

      • 5. Transitions to blocking side of net during rallies (when possible)

      • a. No leaning on the pole!!

      • 6. Repeats first referee’s signals; uses proper signals and sequence for R2 calls

      • 7. Maintains focus at net during net play (does not follow ball)

      • 8. Identifies center line, net faults and touches above the net

      • 9. Follows substitution procedures & communicates sub info with scorekeeper

      • 10. Administers time-outs

      • 11. Assists with communication amongst officiating crew

      • 12. No electronic devices (cell phones, iPods, etc.) or food while working!

    Review r2 clinic charts

    R2 Certification

    Review R2 clinic charts

    Signal mechanics
    Signal Mechanics

    • USAV hand signals are documented in the DCR on pages 93 – 103

    • In general, try to hold your arms and hands parallel and/or perpendicular to the ground, not bent or at some angle other than 90 or 180 degrees

    • Tuck your thumb in!

    • Know when to use a closed fist versus open hand

    • For the “Ball In” signal, try to point 45 degrees down and 45 degrees to the side.

      • It helps to find a spot in the court to help be consistent

    • For the “Touch” signal, we are still using the old USAV style finger brush upwards once, not horizontal like the new FIVB signal

    Signal mechanics1
    Signal Mechanics

    • For line faults, simply point at the line; don’t wave your finger back and forth

    • If you need to identify a player, use an open hand; no numbers

    • For the R2 identifying the floor captain, use an open hand parallel to the ground palm down in front of your stomach (simulating the bar under the captain’s number on the front of her/his jersey), and then point to the player. Ensure that the captain acknowledges the R1.

    • Make sure that the scorer is ready and you are set in your proper position with your whistle in your mouth before giving the court back to the R1 (“superman” signal)

    • If the same player contacts the ball for the 3rd and 4th team hits, the proper signal is 2 hits in USAV

    Signal mechanics2
    Signal Mechanics

    • For the service beckon, ensure that the server has control of the ball in the service zone and the other 11 players are on the court, scan the entire court quickly, then put out arm, whistle, and beckon

      • After the beckon but prior to the service, try to scan the entire court again until you see the server start the service motion (post-beckon scan)

    • For the change of courts, start with your left closed fist in front of your waist and right closed fist in back, and then rotate them counter-clockwise 180 degrees (to simulate the two teams crossing the net to move to their new bench)

    • For substitutions, as soon as you get the numbers of the entering and exiting play, immediately send them in using the proper signal, and then wait for the scorer to complete entering the data in the scoresheet.

    • For an Improper Request, use the informal “wave off” motion

    Signal mechanics3
    Signal Mechanics

    • Remember the proper signal sequence when the R2 blows the whistle for a fault during play:

      • R2 blows the whistle, steps to the fault side, indicates the fault using the proper hand signal, and optionally identified the player at fault (the R1 does not repeat any of these!)

      • Then the R1 awards the serve, and the R2 mimics the award

    • For a Red Card penalty point, the proper sequence is to first call the player at fault over to the stand (or floor captain if the penalty is on the coach or someone on the bench), award the serve, and then show the redcard followed by a verbal response

    • For substitutions, one or two rotations closed fist is sufficient.

    • If a serve does not cross the net legally, you should use the “net” signal, unless it crossed out of bounds (not ball in or under the net)

    Head referee duties
    Head Referee Duties

    • Head Official (HO) is synonymous with Head Referee (HR)

    • A Head Referee (HR) is required for all tournaments and is compensated $5 per court. HR should be professional, personable, objective, organized, and knowledgeable of the rules. The HR tasks include:

      • Create and oversee the referee schedule, ensuring equitable workload and accommodating changes and unique situations

        • Send it out several days prior to the tournament to all referees and the TD, accommodating start times if possible based on distance travelled

        • Ensure positive response from all of your officials prior to the tournament

      • Contact the Referee Assignor or Referee Director if there are any last-minute changes that impact the number of referees needed

        • Do not unilaterally remove or re-assign referees without contacting the Referee Assignor

      • Check IREVA website for recognized site-specific safety concerns

      • Introduce yourself to the Tournament Director or Site Coordinator when you arrive; Be flexible to accommodate unique tournament needs

    Head referee duties1
    Head Referee Duties

    • Arrive early and stay until the last match (at least 45 minutes or more early)

      • Usually do not schedule yourself to work the first match, in case a scheduled referee doesn’t show up on time

    • Ensure courts are set up properly and assess safety of all equipment and surroundings; check padding around referee stand; check for overhead obstructions and floor irregularities; check net height and ball pressure

    • Communicate ground rules, match format, and warmup times with officials

    • Verify work teams (R2 and SK qualified/certified after Jan 31 )

    • Fill out a single expense voucher for all the referees, including Base Pay, Premium Pay (if any), Mileage (if any), Tolls (if any), and Hotel (if any)

    • Form and chair the Protest Committee (may be remote for multiple sites)

    • Receive feedback from TD, players, coaches, parents, other officials

      • Use Feedback Form

    • Keep tournament running on schedule; TIME MANAGEMENT!

    • Monitor uniforms, unapproved team/club names, sanctions, unusual situations

    • Provide informal feedback to other referees

    Payment and reimbursement
    Payment and Reimbursement

    • Referees are paid the full-day or half-day rate plus any premium rates due them. Referees who work less than a half-day (includes player refs) are paid the per-set rate. Unrated player refs are paid the Provisional rate.

    •  Referee Maximums - A full-day referee should be scheduled to work no more than 6 sets in a row, 14 sets in pool play, and 17 sets total, including playoffs. Best 2/3 matches should be counted as actual sets played (2 or 3).

    • Any sets actually worked over these maximums are paid at the premium rates. Premium sets/matches are not counted in calculating the normal half-day or full-day number of sets for additional premium pay, since those premium sets have already been paid fully.

    •  A half-day referee should be scheduled to work no more than 8 sets.

    •  All full-day referees should work approximately the same number of matches during the day.

    Payment and reimbursement1
    Payment and Reimbursement

    • Mileage reimbursement:

      • Mileage beyond 50 miles round-trip is paid at the current IRS rate (2013 = $0.565)

        • First 50 miles round-trip is included in the normal day rate

      • Mileage reimbursement is capped at $100

      • Only actual mileage incurred is reimbursed (Verify the mileage estimate from Arbiter!)

      • Only the driver of carpools is reimbursed

      • Tolls are included in addition to mileage (not included in $100 cap)

      • Round-trip mileage should be calculated for the entire weekend for multi-day events, including travel from home, between sites, and back-and-forth from the hotel

      • If you support two different venues in a weekend, the total RT mileage (less the first 50 miles for the weekend) is split in half to each TD

    • Hotel reimbursement:

      • Authorized when the official is over 80 miles away or over 1.5 hours travel from home

      • Must share with another Official (double-bunking whenever feasible)

      • Assignor and affected Officials must decide upon a plan in advance, so that the Assignor can inform TD prior to the event.

      • TD has first option to arrange for hotel; o/w, official arranges for room and submits for reimbursement.

    Tournament feedback form
    Tournament Feedback Form

    • IREVA experimented last season with creating a Tournament Feedback form for TDs and Head Referees to fill out at the conclusion of a tournament. It is intended to be used to capture relevant concerns and other feedback for IREVA to improve, including site safety issues, tournament operations, team/player/spectator behavior issues, uniform and team name violations, referee feedback, and other noteworthy situations. We will finalize this form and put it into full usage this season. Coaches can contribute their input via either the TD or HR.

    • We will also have another feedback form that spectators can use to provide written feedback to the Tournament Director and IREVA.

    Referee assigning
    Referee Assigning

    • It is IREVA’s goal to assign the proper number and level of certified first referees for every tournament. However, this is often times a difficult process due to many different circumstances, such as availability of referees, level of tournament play, multiple tournaments on the same day, attempts to minimize excessive travel for referees and associated higher cost for mileage and hotels for TDs, last-minute changes in number of courts or starting times, last-minute emergencies, providing growth opportunities for referee (ratings), conflicts or preferences between certain TDs and referees, and many more situations. TDs should inform the Tournament Coordinator and/or Referee Assignor of any specific circumstances or requests.

    • IREVA also has a tournament subsidy policy to cap referee expenses (including mileage and hotel costs) at $325 per court per day to assist TDs in predicting and managing costs.

    Anticipated timelines for assignments
    Anticipated Timelines for Assignments

    • January, February – Assigned by mid-December

    • March, April (not including Regionals) – Assigned by mid-January

    • JO & Adult Regionals – Early March

    • Post-Regionals – End of March

    • Get your availability and blocked dates into Arbiter ASAP!!

    R1 and r2 ratings
    R1 and R2 Ratings

    • Review R1 and R2 Rating sheets and criteria

    • Goal is to formally rate all IREVA Provisional and Regional referees at least once every year!

    • All advancements to Regional will be done at Regionals (either JO or Adult) at the end of the season

    • Additional R1 training for new R1s and JOs wishing to become R1s will be held in Jan/Feb

    • Regionals looking to advance to Junior National should talk with Mike or Howard.


    • USA Volleyball is working toward creating the safest possible environment for participation in the sport of volleyball. The SafeSportProgram contains policies and procedures that are designed to protect its youth participants from all types of misconduct and abuse. It also includes information and education for adults on how to be proactive and recognize areas of concern and signs of abuse. Safe Sport addresses the following areas:

      • Sexual Abuse

      • Physical Abuse

      • Emotional Abuse

      • Bullying, Threats and Harassment

      • Hazing

    • https://www.volleyballreftraining.com/SafeSport/safesport_home.html

    Other stuff
    Other Stuff

    • Large out-of-region tournaments – add dates and POCs

      • Winterfest (Hartford, CT)

      • Can-Am (Rochester, NY)

      • VolleyFX (Rochester, NY)

      • NittanyNinvitational (Penn State, PA)

      • Capital City Classic (Washington, DC)

      • Northeastern Boys Bid (York, PA)

      • Boys East Coast (Richmond, VA)

      • NEQ I and II (Philadelphia, Baltimore and National Harbor, MD)

      • Many other Qualifiers and Regionals around the country

      • Neighboring regions (WEVA – Fred Chase, NERVA – Steve Webster, GEVA – Tim Countryman, others)

      • Junior Nationals – Girls (Minneapolis) and Boys (Houston)

    • Training Camps (USAV and PAVO)

    Other stuff reiterate
    Other Stuff – Reiterate!


      • Get the coaches/captains to sign before they leave the court

      • Blow the whistle and get the coin toss and warm-ups started before you finish filling out and turning in the previous match’s scoresheet, if necessary.

    • R1 to sign scoresheet after coaches (JO) or captain (adult)

      • Verify correct Winning – Losing team and general completeness of scoresheet

    • R2 & SK assessments – by exception this year on the scoresheet if unacceptable

    • Getting teams back on the court quickly after timeouts

    • Pre-match discussions with work team, International March-out for JOs and End Line for Adults, warm-up protocol 2-4-4 JOs or 10 shared for adults unless a captain asks for separate 5-5 (time starts when you call captains for the coin toss!)

    • Overhead obstructions, 15’ ceiling rule, unusual referee stand issues

    • Facility issues: safety, ref stands, padding, overhead obstructions, minimum 2M serving line, adequate room for players bags and spectators, etc.

    Additional discussion items
    Additional Discussion Items

    • Tournament start times, confirmation communication with HR

    • Scan prior to serve and check LJ and R2 quickly after ball is dead before you signal

    • Early or Inadvertent whistle – make a call that does not penalize either team

    • Not sure about a call? You must make a call based on all of the available input and your best judgment -- you cannot just give a playover

    • Completed Rally rule change, Substitution requests no longer verbal

    • Overruling a Line Judge call

    • Ball on court continuing saga!

      • Many players continue to be quite concerned

      • Part of pre-match talk with R2 & LJs; how to handle balls on/near court

    • Warning teams and coaches of relatively minor infractions – try to wait to communicate until between sets, during a timeout, or not when the other team is serving.

    Additional discussion items1
    Additional Discussion Items

    • Professionalism, Social Media comments, comments made to players, coaches, and spectators from the stand

    • Officials uniform and equipment, on-line stores

    • Patches

    • Update your certification dates and other information in WebPoint

    • Rating protocol (paired 1 up / 1 down / debrief)

      • Your R1 match counts towards your pay, but R2 match and debrief are not counted or paid

    • IREVA Spectator Code of Conduct

    • Defensive / Preventive officiating

    • Clinic and rating reimbursements should be sent soft-copy to me first, and I will approve and forward to Patty for prompt payment

    R1 clinic iroquois empire region ireva 2013 2014

    Websites and documents of interest

    • IREVA (http://www.ireva.org/)

      • News, Announcements, Calendar of Events, Newsletter, FAQs, Contact Info, Links, Coaches, JOs, Adults, Registration

      • Players Handbook

      • Tournament Directors Handbook

      • Tournaments (Approved, Pending, and Friendship)

      • Scorekeeper and R2 – Players and Coaches (http://www.ireva.org/officials.html)

        • Certification Requirements

        • Clinics, Tests and PWs

      • Officials - R1 (http://www.ireva.org/officials_non-player_referee.html)

        • Certification Requirements

        • Ratings and advancement

        • Many reference documents – see next page

    Officials resources
    Officials Resources

    • ResourcesDownloadLast Updated

    • 2009/10 USAV Significant Rule Changes and Clarifications View 08/27/09

    • 2009/10 DCR Corrections & Clarifications View 01/28/10

    • 2009/10 USAV Rules Interpretation Bulletin #1 View 02/21/10

    • 2008/09 USAV Rules Interpretation Bulletin #2 View 03/14/09

    • 2008/09 USAV Techniques View 03/18/09

    • 2009/10 IREVA Ghost Player Policy View 09/23/08

    • IREVA Libero Serving Policy View 11/21/09

    • IREVA Uniforms Policy and Process View 01/28/10

    • 2009/10 IREVA Officials Compensation Policy View 01/28/10

    • IREVA Officials Overnight Expenses Policy View 01/28/10

    • IREVA Official Fee & Expense Form View 11/27/08

    • IREVA Head Official Duty Description View 01/28/10

    • 2010 National Referee Clinic Memo View 09/03/09

    Websites and documents of interest
    Websites and documents of interest

    • WebPoint (https://webpoint.usavolleyball.org/wp15/IntraLock/Login.asp)

      • USAV Registration

      • Profile, contact info

      • Background check, certification status

    • Arbiter (http://www.ArbiterSports.com/)

      • Profile, contact info

      • Availability

      • Tournament Assignments, Acceptance/Turnback

    Websites and documents of interest1
    Websites and documents of interest

    • USAV (http://usavolleyball.org/)

      • General Info, National and Elite teams, indoor and outdoor

      • Resources tab (http://usavolleyball.org/resources)

        • Education: IMPACT, CAP

        • Officials & Rules

          • DCR 2013-2015 Domestic Competition Regulations

            • Based on FIVB rules with USAV special overrides

            • Good for two seasons

          • Rules Interpretations and Points of Emphasis (see next page)

          • Forms, Applications

          • National Clinics

          • The Official Word

          • USAV-NCAA Rules Comparison

          • PAVO – USAV Reciprocity Agreement

        • Note: Most Officials resources have moved to VolleyballRefTraining.com

    Websites and documents of interest2
    Websites and documents of interest

    • VolleyballRefTraining (http://www.volleyballreftraining.com/)

      • Referee Training Videos

        • Officials Recertification and Beginner videos, covering

          • First referee responsibilities

          • Second referee responsibilities

          • USA Volleyball mechanics and procedures

          • Pre-match briefings

          • Working with lines judges and scorekeeping crews

          • Communication between referees

      • Referee Training Modules

        • Junior training modules with R2 Accreditation w/ Quiz

        • Outdoor Beach Officiating and Scorekeeping

        • USAV Indoor Scorekeeping

        • Libero Control, Protests, Handling Time-outs & Substitutions, USAV Net Rules, Pre-Match Protocol, Uniforms, Ground Rules, Pre-match protocol, Professionalism I and II

    Websites and documents of interest3
    Websites and documents of interest

    • VolleyballRefTraining (http://www.volleyballreftraining.com/)

      • Blog and tricky situations (replaces old Casebook)

      • The Official Word and Corny’s Corner

      • Links to PAVO, FIVB, and officiating apparel vendors

      • Interpretations and Techniques (same as USAV and IREVA)

      • R2 Accreditation Clinic / Quiz

    • VRT has adopted a Learning Management System (LMS) this year to facilitate members accessing clinics and tests.

      • New LMS is called Volleyball Academy

      • Still working out details of access and curricula

      • Successful completion of on-line tests will automatically update WebPoint