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l. World War II. Key Terms:. Appeasement Neutrality Acts Cash and Carry Lend- Lease Act Atlantic Charter . Causes of World War II. Causes of World War II. Hitler defies Treaty of Versailles. Munich Conference APPEASEMENT. Japan Needs Raw Materials. BLITZKRIEG.

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World War II

key terms

Key Terms:


Neutrality Acts

Cash and Carry

Lend- Lease Act

Atlantic Charter


Causes of World War II

Causes of World War II

Hitler defies Treaty of Versailles

Munich Conference APPEASEMENT

Japan Needs Raw Materials



Causes of World War II

Causes of World War II

  • Hitler defies Treaty of Versailles
  • builds up armed forces
  • annexed Austria
  • Munich Conference APPEASEMENT
  • Hitler threatened war unless he could annex Czechoslovakia
  • British give in to avoid war.
  • Japan Needs Raw Materials
  • Japan invades China and Southeast Asia in search of raw materials (oil, oil, oil)
  • BLITZKRIEG! September 1, 1939
  • Hitler invades Poland

Alignment of World War II

Allied Powers



Soviet Union

Axis Power




neutrality acts of 1935 and 1937
Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937
  • Stopped U.S. from selling weapons to nations at war
  • Traveling on the ships of nations at war

American Isolationism

Why do you think America was so opposed to the war?

cash and carry
“Cash and Carry”
  • Neutrality Act of1939
  • US could sell weapons to the Allies
  • Had to come and pick them up
  • US economy improved
  • America becomes the “Arsenal of Democracy.”

“50 tin cans”


To be neutral…or not to be neutral…

  • Lend-Lease Plan –
  • Britain ran out of cash to pay for American war materials.
  • FDR leases arms to “any country whose defense was vital to the United States.”

“It’s like lending your hose to a neighbor if his house were on fire… You don't want $15 – You want your hose back after the fire is over…it's all smashed up. He says, he will replace it."

lend lease act 1941
“Lend-Lease” Act (1941)

Great Britain.........................$31 billionSoviet Union...........................$11 billionFrance......................................$ 3 billionChina.......................................$1.5 billionOther European.................$500 millionSouth America...................$400 millionThe amount totaled: $48,601,365,000


Atlantic Charter Meeting, 1941

  • Roosevelt met with British Prime Minister Churchill
  • They agreed to build a just and lasting peace.
  • Aimed to establish free governments in the world, free from dictators.

Do you think FDR wanted to get involved in World War II based on what you’ve learned?


Pearl Harbor – Dec. 7, 1941

A date which will live in infamy!


Pearl Harbor Memorial

200 American planes were destroyed

19 ships were sunk

2,887 Americans were killed.


“December 7, 1941 - A Date Which Will Live In Infamy”

  • Causes
  • US demands Japan to stop Imperializing Asia
  • US places Embargo (no trade) on oil, gas, iron, rubber with Japan
  • Japan signs alliance with Germany and Italy

Island Hopping- strategy of moving from island to island until American forces were in control of the Pacific and prepared to invade Japan.