Download
group dynamics n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Group Dynamics PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Group Dynamics

Group Dynamics

467 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Group Dynamics

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Group Dynamics • Group stages • Group roles

  2. Forming • Testing • Emphasis on defining the tasks of the group • Look to leader for guidance and direction • Avoid controversy • Serious topics and feelings are avoided

  3. Forming • To move on to the next stage each member must relinquish the comfort of non-threatening topics and risk conflict.

  4. Storming • Intra-group conflict over leadership, structure, power, and authority • Competition among group members • Emotional expression

  5. Storming • Discomfort in this stage causes some members to remain silent while others attempt to dominate • In order to move on to the next stage members must move from a “testing and proving” mentality to a problem-solving mentality.

  6. Norming • Development of group cohesion • Establishment of individual roles in the group • Members willing to accept ideas and opinions of other members based on facts presented

  7. Norming • Members share ideas and feelings • Members solicit and give feedback • Members feel good about being part of an effective group • Members may fear the inevitable future breakup of the group

  8. Performing • Most productive phase • Members are highly task oriented and highly people oriented • Group identity is complete • Group morale is high • Emphasis on achievement

  9. Performing • Functional stage • Not reached by all groups • Interdependence • Roles and authorities adjust to changing needs

  10. Adjourning • Disengagement from relationships • Often includes recognition for participation and achievement • Members able to say personal goodbyes

  11. Adjourning • May create apprehension • Members give up inclusion in group • Need strategies that facilitate task termination and disengagement • Tuckman, B (1965, 1977)

  12. Roles of Group Members • Two types of roles • Task roles • Function roles

  13. Task roles

  14. Initiator • Introduces new ideas or procedures • tries to establish movement toward goals

  15. Information Seeker • Gets information or opinions • Identifies gaps in information

  16. Evaluator • Tries to determine where the group stands • Tests for consensus • Evaluates progress

  17. Coordinator • Points out relationships among ideas • Pulls ideas together • Builds on work of others • Takes things one step further

  18. Procedural Technician • Expedites the group • works by performing routine tasks and distributing materials

  19. Recorder • Writes down ideas, recommendations and decisions • keeps minutes

  20. Functional Roles

  21. Encourager • Offers support to another’s contribution • accepts what members say

  22. Harmonizer • Mediates the differences among members • Attempts to reconcile differences

  23. Compromiser • Seeks middle position

  24. Standard Setter • Tries to bring to awareness the norms and standards of the group

  25. Gate Keeper • Keeps communication channels open • Facilitates participation of all members • Keeps track of time.

  26. Dysfunctional Group Roles

  27. Aggressor • Deflates the status of others • Attacks the group, its individual members or the task • Displays envy toward the contributions of others by taking credit for thembbb

  28. Blocker • Negative, stubborn opposer who reintroduces issues that have been previously decided upon

  29. Recognition Seeker • Works in myriad ways to call attention to self • Boastful and self-centered

  30. Playboy • Displays lack of interest by being cynical or humorous on important issues

  31. Dominator • Asserts authority or superiority over others by manipulating the group • Flatters, interrupts, or gives authoritative directions

  32. Application • Think about your current group. • What is your role in the group? • How do you think other members see you? • Characterize the other group members in the roles you believe they assume.

  33. Help Seekers • Calls attention to self and seeks a sympathetic response from the group