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GROUP DYNAMICS. Sus Lundgren. Why this lecture?. Generations(!) of MDI/ID-students have requested it Even if most of you’ve already worked in groups at the uni… …most of you were in very homogenous groups . The life of a group: six stages. 1) Initial stage

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group dynamics


Sus Lundgren

why this lecture
Why this lecture?
  • Generations(!) of MDI/ID-students have requested it
  • Even if most of you’ve already worked in groups at the uni…

…most of you were in very homogenous groups

the life of a group six stages
The life of a group: six stages
  • 1) Initial stage
    • Insecurity, curiosity, showing off
  • 2) The honeymoon
    • Intense communication and bonding
  • 3) The ”we”-stage
    • Roles and means of communication are being established
    • In groups with more than seven members, sub groups emerge
    • Diversity is seen as a strength
the life of a group six stages1
The life of a group: six stages
  • 4) Conflict stage
    • Irritation, less praise, aggression, envy
    • Diversities are annoying
    • Group pressure builds up
  • 5) Plateau stage
    • Fatigue, resignation
  • 6) The effective stage
    • Unity, everyone working well towards the same target
    • Tranquility, pleasure in one’s work, satisfaction
    • Remains until conditions change…
one aspect of roles
One aspect of roles…
  • Members of a group have task-related roles
    • System architecturer
    • Programmer
    • Database programmer
    • Designers
      • Interaction designers
      • Graphic designers
    • Project leader
    • Technical Project Leader
    • Technical writer
another aspect of roles
Another aspect of roles
  • Members of a group also have roles related to “behaviour”/personality
  • There are various theories on how to describe personalities…
    • Cattell Personality Inventory (16 PF), pairs of attributes (intovert-extrovert, submissive-detemined, exact-creative etc.)
    • Belbin
  • … and numerous tests
belbin s team roles
Belbin’s team roles
  • Meredith Belbin and his colleagues have spent years studying team work in an experimental environment
  • They have defined eight team roles
    • Coordinator (calm, confident, controlled)
    • Plant (creative, unorthodox, non-practical)
    • Implementer (conservative, dutiful)
    • Shaper (extrovert, dynamic, pushing, provoking)
    • Monitor/Evaluator (analytic, strategic, dry)
    • Team worker (sensitive, mild, indecisive, caring)
    • Resource Investigator (curious, communicative)
    • Completer-Finisher (thorough, perfectionist, anxiuos )
team roles teams
Team roles &teams
  • Each of us have a primary and a secondary role, etc.
  • Well-working teams consist of people with many different roles
    • One- or two-role teams are hardly ever functional
  • A person sometimes acts as his or her secondary team role, if it is missing in the group
    • If the team is smaller than eight, some members may act out both their primary and secondary roles
  • The ideal team size seems to be 4-6 people
easy reading
Easy reading
  • Meredith Belbin: Management Teams - så skapas framgångsrika team
    • Management Teams: Why they succeed or fail
  • Meredith Belbin: Teamroller i praktiken
    • Team Roles at Work
  • Ann & Marianne Fredriksson: De elva sammansvurna
about you
About you…
  • 56 students
    • Graphical designers 19
    • Writers 20
    • Programmers 14
  • Lots of knowledge in the most diverse areas!
  • Stuff you have to deal with
    • Level of ambition
    • Ways of working
    • Keeping your known roles (programmer etc) or switching and learning from another