Modernist Principles: “Make it New”. English 255. American Literary Modernism.
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The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory, 4th Ed. (1998) by J.A. Cuddar
“…a movement which began … in the closing years of the 19th century and which … had a wide influence internationally during much of the 20th century. [It] reveals a breaking away from established rules, traditions and conventions, fresh ways of looking at man’s position and function in the universe and many…experiments in form and style. It is particularly concerned with language and how to use it … and with writing itself.”
Peter Childs, Modernism
Marx’s new explanations of history—dialectical materialism which sees historical progress as the political struggle between two classes resulting in a new socioeconomic orderKarl Marx
Darwin’s new view of humanity as ascended from apes rather than descended from God— shifts humanity’s conception of its place in the worldCharles Darwin
Swiss linguist who argues that language is relative, that words have no direct relationship to the concepts or objects they signifyFerdinand de Saussure
Nietzsche: when he said “God is Dead” and argued for the power of the human will, he shifted cultural ideologies about religion and philosophyFriedrich Nietzsche
Stressed subconscious motives and instinctual drives. power of the human will, he shifted cultural ideologies about religion and philosophy
After Freud, impossible to ignore psychological undercurrents of human behaviors.
Writers deal with subconscious motivations.
Employ stream of consciousness technique similar to Freud’s therapeutic tactic of free association.Sigmund Freud