EGYPT - Religion. Gods and Godesses, Book of Dead, Spirit of Dead, Mummification, and the Afterlife. Gods and Goddesses . Ancient Egyptians worship of 2000 different gods Before Egypt was united their were 40 tribes all with different gods
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Gods and Godesses, Book of Dead,Spirit of Dead, Mummification, and the Afterlife
How Gods Dress
A man with the head of a Hawk wearing a sun disk headdress
He was the most important God
The ancient Egyptians believed that each night Ra was swallowed night by Nut, the sky goddess then reborn in the morning.
Appearance: A man with the head of an ibis holding a writing palette
Thoth was the go of Knowledge and writing
It was said that he gave the gift of hieroglyphics.
Appearance: A Woman with a feather on top of her head
Ma'at was the goddess of truth, justice and harmony.
Ma’at was oftene associated with the balance of things on earth.
Appearance: A Man with the head of a jackal
Anubis was the god of embalming and the dead.
Jackals were often seen found in cemeteries, because of this it was believed that Anubis watched over the dead.
Appearance: Man with the head of a hawk
Horus was a god of the sky. He is the protector of the ruler of Egypt.
It was believed that the pharaoh was the 'living Horus'.
Appearance: A Man with a ram-head wearing an ostrich feather hat
Amun was one of the most powerful gods in ancient Egypt.
At the height of Egyptian civilisation he was called the 'King of the Gods'.
Appearance: A mummified man who is wearing a white headdress with feathers
Osiris was the god of the dead, and ruler of the Underworld.
Osiris was also the god of vegetation (plant matter) that’s why he is green in appearance.
Appearance: Man with the double crown
Atum was a creator god.
It was belived that Atum was the first god to exist on earth.
* Theban version which is the most modern version
* Saite version which is very strictly organized
The book of dead inscribed on tomb
weighing of the heart against Ma'at’s Feather
Ba leaving the body
Wash the body with good smelling palm wines and rinse with water from the Nile.
Cut a slit in the left side of the body and remove internal organs the liver, stomach, lungs and intestines are placed in canopic jars.
imsety the human headed god holds the liver
hapy the baboon headed god holds the lungs
duamutef the jackal headed god holds the stomach
qebehsenuef the falcon headed god holds the intestines
A hook is then inserted up the nose to remove the brains the heart remains in the body because the Egyptians believed that your heart was the most important aspect of the human.
the body is then covered and stuffed with which will help to dry out the body
The body is then placed in the desert for 40 days. After the 40 days the body is then washed again with Nile water the skin is the covered in oils.
First the head and neck are wrapped with linen. The fingers and toes are wrapped individually. The arms and legs are wrapped separately from the body
In the layers the embalmers place amulets to protect the body in the underworld. The 'isis knot' amulet protects the body and ' Plummet' represents personal balance
Priests read out spells while the mummy is being wrapped.
Papyrus scroll filled with spells from the book of the dead is wrapped in the mummies hands
A cloth is then wrapped over the whole body and a painting of Osiris is Painted on top.
A funeral is then held for the dead person before the body is layered to rest they have a ritual called 'the opening of he mouth' this lets the dead person eat and drink one last timeMummification