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COMMARK LESOTHO TEXTILE & APPAREL SECTOR PROGRAMME Impact Assessment. 11 June 2009 Dr Mills Soko Founding Director Mthente Research & Consulting Services. Introduction Evaluation Methodology Economic Performance of Lesotho’s Textile & Apparel Sector The Programme’s Poverty Impact
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11 June 2009Dr Mills Soko
Mthente Research & Consulting Services
Methodological approach grounded in both a comprehensive desktop research phase and a multi-faceted fieldwork phase (3 separate fieldwork trips to Lesotho)
Between 2003 and 2008, 965 additional jobs were created in Lesotho, while 30 646 and 15 636 were lost in Kenya and Swaziland respectively
Number of partial dependents increased from a lower bound of 15 642 and upper bound of 62 568 in 2002 to a lower bound of 85 545 and an upper bound of 121 386 in 2008.
The estimates of the substantial number of partially and entirely dependent individuals suggest that the relative growth in employment in the sector is likely to have had a significant impact in terms of poverty alleviation in Lesotho
Number of specific outcomes were achieved for the sector in Lesotho that arose directly or indirectly from the long-term technical assistance
Despite these considerable contributions, problems relating to the structure and implementation of the technical assistance included:
ALAFA has managed to make HIV/AIDS-related health services available and accessible to the workers when and where they need them
Between 2003 and 2008, significant progress was achieved in terms of maintaining a favourable international trade environment for Lesotho’s garment exports
ComMark’s major contributions involved providing technical briefings and papers and financial assistance to various stakeholders & lobby groups representing the interests of Lesotho in the international trade arena
Overall, however, little improvement in terms of addressing environmental issues and constraints affecting the sector
In 2002, the sector’s most urgent infrastructure requirements were:
Several labour-related problems in the sector prior to ComMark’s intervention:
Now greater collaboration between Lesotho’s workers’ unions and international buyers’ monitors
Nevertheless, many external stakeholders were encouraged by the positive impact of ComMark’s investment promotion & branding initiatives
ComMark has made a considerable contribution to the performance and sustainability of the textile and apparel sector in Lesotho
One significant weakness of the Programme has been the lack of sufficient transfer of skills, technical knowledge and capacity to local Basotho in the sector, particularly to staff within the LNDC and LTEA