English 11 literary terms
1 / 76

English 11 Literary Terms - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

English 11 Literary Terms. Archetypes=Type. Hero/Heroine. The chief character in a work of literature . Trickster. Faithful Companion. Outsider/Outcast. Rugged Individualist. Innocent. Villain. Caretaker. Earth Mother. Rebel. Misfit. English 11 Literary Terms. Dramatic Conventions.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'English 11 Literary Terms' - Leo

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
English 11 literary terms l.jpg

English 11 Literary Terms


Hero heroine l.jpg

  • The chief character in a work of literature.

English 11 literary terms13 l.jpg
English 11 Literary Terms

Dramatic Conventions

Stage directions l.jpg
Stage Directions

  • Written notes within plays which explain movements, gestures, and appearance of actors or actresses in a play

Soliloquy l.jpg

  • A character speaks directly to the audience (thinking aloud about motives, feelings, and decisions)

Monologue l.jpg

  • A single person speaking, with or without an audience

Aside l.jpg

  • A character speaks in such a way that some of the characters on stage do not hear what is said (while others do)

Verbal irony l.jpg
Verbal Irony

  • When someone states one thing and means another

Situational irony l.jpg
Situational Irony

  • Contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen

    Ex. Someone who is loved commits suicide

Dramatic irony l.jpg
Dramatic Irony

  • When readers know more about the situation than the characters do

Catharsis l.jpg

  • Explains the effects of tragic drama on an audience

Caricature l.jpg

  • A grotesque or foolish image of a character, achieved through the exaggeration of personality traits

Slide24 l.jpg

  • A minor character introduced in order to represent the abilities of a more significant character

    (Ex.Millhouse serves as a foil to Bart Simpson.)

Tragedy l.jpg

  • Traces the career and downfall of an individual

Voice l.jpg

  • Clarifies the persona of the narrative

Figurative literal language l.jpg
Figurative & Literal Language

  • Figurative Language-an exaggeration

  • Literal Language-literally true

Imagery l.jpg

  • All of the words which refer to the objects or qualities which appeal to the senses and feelings

Apostrophe l.jpg

  • A rhetorical (not requiring a response) term for a speech addresses to someone or something in the beginning of a poem or essay

    Clue: When your parents ask, “Who do you think you are?” You are not supposed to respond.

Metonymy l.jpg

  • The substitution of the name of a thing by the name of an attribute of it,

    (Ex.the “crown” =monarchy)

Synecdoche l.jpg

  • A part is used to describe the whole.

  • Ex: all hands on deck=sailors

  • All aboard=boarding a train

Rhetorical question l.jpg

Rhetorical Question

Not requiring a response

Slide34 l.jpg


The manner or mood of a passage

Diction l.jpg

  • Choice of words in a piece of work; the kind of vocabulary that is used

i.e. Shakespearean language in a Shakespeare play

Slang is used in an Eminem movie

Dialect l.jpg

  • The style and manner of speaking from one particular area

    (Ex.New Yorkers are from “New Yark”)

Sarcasm l.jpg

  • An ironical statement intended to hurt or insult

    (ex. “Brilliant,” stated to a student who is clearly wrong.)

Satire l.jpg

  • Literature which represents something in a comical sense, making it appear ridiculous

Parallelism l.jpg

  • The building up of sentence or statement using repeated syntactic units (repeated words and sounds)

Colloquialism vernacular l.jpg

  • The use of the kinds of expression and grammar associated with ordinary, everyday speech rather than formal language

Ex. Cool, Phat!

Connotation denotation l.jpg

  • Connotation-emotional response evoked by a word

    Ex. Kitten=soft, warm, cuddly

  • Denotation-literal meaning

    Ex. Kitten=young cat

Slide43 l.jpg

  • The use of a word in a way that plays on its different meanings.

    Ex. “The hungry gorilla went ape.”

Irony l.jpg

  • Contrast between appearance and actuality

Stream of consciousness l.jpg
Stream of Consciousness

  • Present the flow of a character’s seemingly unconnected thoughts, responses, and sensations.

Gothic l.jpg


Grotesque characters, bizarre situations, and violent events

Historical fiction l.jpg
Historical Fiction

  • Fiction that is loosely based on some historical period

Proverb l.jpg

  • Short popular saying embodying a general truth

    Ex. “Look before you leap”

Aphorism l.jpg

  • A generally accepted principle or truth expressed in a short, witty manner

    Ex. “A rolling stone gathers no moss.”

Epigram l.jpg

  • Originally an inscription on a monument…now used to describe a witty saying or poem with a sharp, satiric, or amusing ending

    Ex: “In God We Trust”

Tall tale l.jpg
Tall Tale

  • Humorous story characterized by exaggeration

  • Ex: Jack and the Beanstalk

Rhyme l.jpg


Similarity of sound between two words

Meter l.jpg

  • The repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry.

Slide56 l.jpg

  • One stressed syllable indicated by a `

  • Two stressed syllables indicated by a

Slide57 l.jpg

  • An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

Pentameter l.jpg

  • Five feet

Stress l.jpg

  • The accent is on a specific part of the word

Masculine rhyme l.jpg
Masculine Rhyme

  • The accent is on a specific part of the word, and stressed in a deep voice.

Blank verse l.jpg
Blank Verse

  • A poem written in blank verse consists of unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter.

Free verse l.jpg
Free Verse

  • Poetry that does not have regular patterns of rhyme and meter

Scansion l.jpg

  • The process of determining meter; when you scan a line of poetry, you mark its stressed and unstressed syllables to identify the rhythm

Inversion l.jpg

  • Departure from normal word order, common in poetry

Alliteration l.jpg

A sequence of repeated consonantal sounds in a stretch of language

Example: Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door.” (from “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe)

Allusion l.jpg

  • A passing reference in a work of literature to something outside itself.

    Example: “Speak to my gossip VENUS one fair word.”

Assonance l.jpg

  • The correspondence, or near-correspondence, in two words of the stressed vowel, and sometimes those which follow, but not of the consonants (unlike rhyme).

    Example: Can and fat food and droop

    Child and silence nation and traitor

Ballad l.jpg

A poem or song which tells a story in simple, colloquial language.

Example: “O What is That Sound” by W. H. Auden

Feminine rhyme l.jpg
Feminine Rhyme

  • A rhyme in which two differing sounds in two words are followed by stressed rhyming syllables and unstressed rhyming syllables

  • Example: revival, survival, arrival

End rhyme l.jpg

End Rhyme

Poetry that rhymes at the end of the line

Internal rhyme l.jpg

Internal Rhyme

Poetry that rhymes in the middle of the line

Slant rhyme l.jpg

Slant Rhyme

Words that sounds similar with a hint of a rhyme (inexact rhyme)


Refrain l.jpg

Repeating a Stanza

Example: “Nevermore” from “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe

Repetition l.jpg

  • Repeating of words or sounds in poetry

  • Example: “May the warp be…/May the weft be…/May the border be…” (from the “Song of the Sky Loom,” a Navajo song)