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English 11 Literary Terms. Archetypes=Type. Hero/Heroine. The chief character in a work of literature . Trickster. Faithful Companion. Outsider/Outcast. Rugged Individualist. Innocent. Villain. Caretaker. Earth Mother. Rebel. Misfit. English 11 Literary Terms. Dramatic Conventions.

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English 11 Literary Terms


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    1. English 11 Literary Terms Archetypes=Type

    2. Hero/Heroine • The chief character in a work of literature.

    3. Trickster

    4. Faithful Companion

    5. Outsider/Outcast

    6. Rugged Individualist

    7. Innocent

    8. Villain

    9. Caretaker

    10. Earth Mother

    11. Rebel

    12. Misfit

    13. English 11 Literary Terms Dramatic Conventions

    14. Stage Directions • Written notes within plays which explain movements, gestures, and appearance of actors or actresses in a play

    15. Soliloquy • A character speaks directly to the audience (thinking aloud about motives, feelings, and decisions)

    16. Monologue • A single person speaking, with or without an audience

    17. Aside • A character speaks in such a way that some of the characters on stage do not hear what is said (while others do)

    18. Verbal Irony • When someone states one thing and means another

    19. Situational Irony • Contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen Ex. Someone who is loved commits suicide

    20. Dramatic Irony • When readers know more about the situation than the characters do

    21. Catharsis • Explains the effects of tragic drama on an audience

    22. English 11 Literary Terms Cont.

    23. Caricature • A grotesque or foolish image of a character, achieved through the exaggeration of personality traits

    24. Foil • A minor character introduced in order to represent the abilities of a more significant character (Ex.Millhouse serves as a foil to Bart Simpson.)

    25. Tragedy • Traces the career and downfall of an individual

    26. Voice • Clarifies the persona of the narrative

    27. Figurative & Literal Language • Figurative Language-an exaggeration • Literal Language-literally true

    28. Imagery • All of the words which refer to the objects or qualities which appeal to the senses and feelings

    29. Apostrophe • A rhetorical (not requiring a response) term for a speech addresses to someone or something in the beginning of a poem or essay Clue: When your parents ask, “Who do you think you are?” You are not supposed to respond.

    30. Metonymy • The substitution of the name of a thing by the name of an attribute of it, (Ex.the “crown” =monarchy)

    31. Synecdoche • A part is used to describe the whole. • Ex: all hands on deck=sailors • All aboard=boarding a train

    32. Language English 11 Literary Terms Devices

    33. Rhetorical Question Not requiring a response

    34. Tone The manner or mood of a passage

    35. Diction • Choice of words in a piece of work; the kind of vocabulary that is used i.e. Shakespearean language in a Shakespeare play Slang is used in an Eminem movie

    36. Dialect • The style and manner of speaking from one particular area (Ex.New Yorkers are from “New Yark”)

    37. Sarcasm • An ironical statement intended to hurt or insult (ex. “Brilliant,” stated to a student who is clearly wrong.)

    38. Elevated Language/Style

    39. Satire • Literature which represents something in a comical sense, making it appear ridiculous

    40. Parallelism • The building up of sentence or statement using repeated syntactic units (repeated words and sounds)

    41. Colloquialism/Vernacular • The use of the kinds of expression and grammar associated with ordinary, everyday speech rather than formal language Ex. Cool, Phat!

    42. Connotation/Denotation • Connotation-emotional response evoked by a word Ex. Kitten=soft, warm, cuddly • Denotation-literal meaning Ex. Kitten=young cat

    43. Pun • The use of a word in a way that plays on its different meanings. Ex. “The hungry gorilla went ape.”

    44. Irony • Contrast between appearance and actuality

    45. Stream of Consciousness • Present the flow of a character’s seemingly unconnected thoughts, responses, and sensations.

    46. English 11 Literary Terms Literary Forms

    47. Gothic Grotesque characters, bizarre situations, and violent events

    48. Historical Fiction • Fiction that is loosely based on some historical period

    49. Proverb • Short popular saying embodying a general truth Ex. “Look before you leap”

    50. Aphorism • A generally accepted principle or truth expressed in a short, witty manner Ex. “A rolling stone gathers no moss.”