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Israeli Culture and identity. Judaism and Zionism. The New Jew Strong and brave Farmer or worker Socialist Village dweller Sports or hiking Rooted in the land Normalized Adaptation of “Non-Jewish” image. The Exile Jew Nervous and afraid Merchant or agent Capitalist Urban

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Israeli Culture and identity

Judaism and Zionism


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The New Jew

Strong and brave

Farmer or worker

Socialist

Village dweller

Sports or hiking

Rooted in the land

Normalized

Adaptation of “Non-Jewish” image

The Exile Jew

Nervous and afraid

Merchant or agent

Capitalist

Urban

Talmud learning

Easily wandering

Different not-normal

Adaptation of anti-Semite image

The idea of the "New Jew" as opposed to Exile Jew


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Reviving Hebrew culture in its ancient cradle

  • Hebrew language as spoken secular

  • Hebrew secular culture

  • The bible replaces the Talmud

  • Jewish festivals as nature agricultural

  • New meaning to religion

  • Opposing Yiddish and other languages

  • Hebrew Education and high learning

  • Integrating universal culture into Hebrew


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Israel as a spiritual center

  • The School of Ahad-Ha-am:

    • Zionism as a Revival of Judaism

    • Revival in the land of Israel

    • Israel as focus of Jewish culture

    • Israel as Light upon the Nations

      Integration and contradiction:

      Normalization versus uniqueness


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Hebrew Culture in the Yishuv

  • The politics of culture

  • Hebrew education system

  • Agricultural and socialist ethos

    • The Kibbutz

    • Youth movements

  • Norms and model images

  • The Arab Bedouin symbolizing authenticity

  • The Halutz (pioneer)

  • The guard-soldier

  • The Sabra

  • Voluntarism

  • Tel Aviv – the first Hebrew city

  • - symbol and reality


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Cultural transformation Following State establishment

  • Facing Mass immigration

  • Facing decline of pioneering

    • The politics of melting-pot

      • Battle against Yiddish and oriental legacies

        Ben-Gurion and “Mamlachtiut”(statism)

        Propaganda against “careerism”

        The negative image of “yordim” (emigrants)


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Growing counter culture since the 1970s

  • Penetrating oriental culture to mainstream popular culture (hits)

  • Openness toward Yiddish

  • Privatization - individualization

  • Americanization – consumer culture

  • Changing attitudes toward Diaspora and emigration

  • Decline of Kibbutz movement

  • Growing nostalgia to “Jewish book case”


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Israeli Culture - Conclusion

  • Normalization and Judaization of Israeli culture

  • Flourishing Hebrew culture:

    • Literature, theater, journalism

    • Hebrew authors as world-known stars

    • Hebrew as a Jewish lingua franca