The Holocaust in collective Israeli identity . Stages in its evolution from 1946-2011. 1. The years of silence, shame and implicit accusation. Diaspora negation Shame: “lambs to the slaughter” Stories were not solicited Survivors were implicitly accused: Non-Zionists, “The good ones died ”
Stages in its evolution from 1946-2011
Shame: “lambs to the slaughter”
Stories were not solicited
Survivors were implicitly accused: Non-Zionists, “The good ones died”
Minimal teaching on Holocaust
Reparations dispute - 1952
Kastner trial - 1953
Drawing lessons from Kfar Kassem Massacre - 1956
“Every IDF soldier has the obligation to refuse a blatantly illegal order”.
“The Jewish soldier will never be aided by the claim “I only filled orders”. He must understand what he is asked to do. Evil must be stopped way before it becomes at all similar to that of the Holocaust” paraphrase, Judge Levi)
Formal, state level, collective
Focus on bravery
Impersonal: “Six million”
At the same time – attempt to list witnesses.
The pre-Six day War anxiety
The Yom Kippur war sense of defeat
The 1977 political change.
Focus on the personal Stories and suffering
First popular renditions of second generation (“Dust and ashes”)
The “Each person has a name” project.
The Holocaust Encyclopedia
“I escaped from Auschwitz”
Voted “Most important Israeli album ever”.
Educational visits to Poland
March of the living
Thousands of studies, books, on Holocaust
Political message of fear
Critique of Holocaust commemoration raised.