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流行音樂與「星」文化. 香港非正規教育研究中心 Hong Kong Informal Education Research Centre 饒欣凌 zero. What is popular music?. Definitions placing emphasis on “popular” Definitions based on the commercial nature of popular music; embracing genres perceived as commercially oriented

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Hong Kong Informal Education Research Centre

饒欣凌 zero

what is popular music
What is popular music?
  • Definitions placing emphasis on “popular”
  • Definitions based on the commercial nature of popular music; embracing genres perceived as commercially oriented
  • Identifications by general musical and non-musical characteristics
major popular music genres
Major Popular Music Genres
  • Jazz
  • R & B
  • Rock’n’roll
  • Punk
  • Hip Hop / Rap

… etc

song structure
Song Structure
  • Verse
    • roughly corresponds with a poetic stanza
  • Chorus
    • the refrain of a song which assumes a higher level of dynamics and activity, often with added instrumentation
  • Bridge
    • a bridge is an interlude that connects two parts of that song, building a harmonic connection between those parts.
history of popular music in hk
History of popular music in HK
  • 1950s - 70s - Dominated by Cantonese operas, movie theme songs & Western pop songs
  • Early 70s - Marked by Mandarin pop songs from Taiwan 國語時代曲
  • Mid to late 70s - Raise of Canto pop - TV drama theme songs
  • Early 80s - Taiwanese Folk songs & raise of young Canto pop idols
  • Mid 80s - Emergence of local Mega stars
  • Late 80s - Revisit of “Band Sound”
    • Ref: Wong Chi Wah, the Forty years of Canto pop, Hong Kong : Joint , 1990
signs in popular music
Signs in popular music
  • Lyrics
  • Musical structure
  • Musical Genre
  • Performer
  • Tie-in products
  • Distributor/ Record company


  • Characteristics of an idol/ star
  • Star’s image - embodied in 4 media textual areas - promotion, publicity, films, and criticisms
  • Stars as commodity
  • Concept of star texts
    • the collection of cultural artifacts such as actual performances, promotional material, media coverage and texts by fans and other audiences that constitute our understandings of the stars
  • Many believe that most stars (especially in the time of mass media) are above all produced and ride on the wave of a social-cultural trend or contest to generate profit
  • A certain quality of an individual personality by virtue of which he is set apart from ordinary men and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman or at least superficially exceptional qualities
  • The media mirrors what the society is concerned with and offers the possibility of identification and inspiration
    • Emotional affinity
    • Self-identification
    • Imitation
    • Projection
        • Tudor, Andrew. Image and influence, p. 80-82
culture industry
Culture Industry
  • All forms of popular culture carry the purpose to ensure the continued obedience of the masses to market interests
  • Filled leisure time with amusements to distract the consumers from the boredom of their increasingly automated work
  • Consumers hence fail to recognise the reality of their exploitation and to consider resisting the economic and social system.
        • Adorno, T., & Horkheimer, M. Dialectic of Enlightenment. London: Verso. (1979)