Human security for Haiti. This situation requires a complete departure ... Haiti like a patient in an emergency room. Treatment requires two tracks: Immediate ...
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Haiti: A new beginning Report to the Prime Minister UN Country Team 25 September 2008
Perfect storm of development challenges • Poverty • 56% below $1 per day • 77% below $2 per day • Extreme inequalities • Rich vs poor • French vs Creole • Light vs dark • Urban vs rural • Economic stagnation • Negative economic growth • Aid dependency • Emigration
Perfect storm • Political instability • Distrust of national institutions • Widespread corruption • “Culture of violence” • Environmental degradation • Susceptibility to natural disasters
Perfect storm • Health and education in crisis • Low life expectancy • Malnutrition widespread • High and worsening infant and maternal mortality • High HIV/AIDS prevalence • Low primary school attendance • Low literacy rates • Regression in HDI: 146/177
Eye of the storm: crux of crisis Crisis is systemic, with two root causes: • Complete alienation of the population PLUS • Complete lack of legitimate, functioning institutions EQUALS Lack of a legitimate, valid social contract
Human security for Haiti • This situation requires a complete departure • No more business as usual • Apply a human security strategy • Freedom from fear, freedom from want • “Downside risks” to human development Seven dimensions of human security: • Ideal fit with Haiti’s development challenges • Economic • Food • Health • Environmental • Personal • Community • Political
Two-track approach • Haiti like a patient in an emergency room • Treatment requires two tracks: • Immediate stabilization • Address urgent threats to human life and security • Dramatic scaling-up existing programs • Proposal: four urgent measures • Measures to cure the underlying disease • Founding the country anew • A bold new beginning • Forging a new social contract
Track one: Stabilization Scaling up to address urgent threats to life and security • Improving security and justice • Police strengthening and training • Livelihood support • Food for work • Road construction • Reforestation • Disaster preparedness • Election assistance
Track two: “New beginning” Three programs to establish credibility, build confidence, forge a new social contract: • Anti-corruption and transparency • Capacity strengthening for institutions at local level (communes and departments) • National human security consultations • Centerpiece of our proposal
National human security consultations • “Voice of the people” • Conduct national representative consultations • 40,000 sample so fully representative • Broad enough so process is also advocacy • One-to-one personal interviews • Sufficient for disaggregation across all dimensions • Citizens themselves identify risks, set priorities • Preliminary conclusions subject to wide consultation in ten departments as well as centrally with all actors national dialogue
National human security consultations • Department and national authorities build on consultations to derive 10 + 1 action plans • “Human security action plans” validated at national and departmental level • Yields course of action shared between government and citizens … • … forging a new “social contract”
UN Country Team for Haiti Thank you for your attention.