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LeMay, Korea, and the ICBMs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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LeMay, Korea, and the ICBMs. Overview. General Curtis LeMay Korean Conflict US Intervention Air Power Results ICBMs Development Cuban Missile Crisis. “I don’t mind being called tough, since I find in this racket it’s the tough guys who lead the survivors.”.

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Presentation Transcript
overview
Overview
  • General Curtis LeMay
  • Korean Conflict
    • US Intervention
    • Air Power
    • Results
  • ICBMs
    • Development
    • Cuban Missile Crisis
slide3

“I don’t mind being called tough, since I find in this racket it’s the tough guys who lead the survivors.”

Colonel Curtis E. LeMay, USA:

to Lieutenant General Ira Eaker in England in 1943

general curtis lemay
General Curtis LeMay
  • Navigator on B-17 as Lt in early airpower demonstration with ocean liner “Rex” in 1938
  • Commanded units in Berlin Airlift
  • Commander in Chief, Strategic Air Command (CINCSAC)
  • Air Force Chief of Staff
lemay s impact on the air force
LeMay’s Impact on the Air Force
  • More realistic training programs
  • Bottom line - Discipline
  • Procured personnel and aircraft
  • Bombers became airborne nuclear alert
  • Nuclear deterrence became a reality
korean conflict
Korean Conflict
  • National Security Council (NSC) directive 68 called for massive increase in defense spending to contain communism
  • Korea was the first test of American resolve
beginning of korean conflict
Beginning of Korean Conflict
  • 25 June 1950 North Korea launches a surprise attack invading South Korea
  • Congress approved use of force to repel North Korean invasion (no formal declaration of war)
  • UN Security Council authorizes aid (Gen Douglas McArthur named Commander)
korean conflict9
Korean Conflict
  • UN forces saved at Pusan Perimeter by around the clock bombing & interdiction
  • McArthur launches surprise amphibious assault at Inchon
  • UN forces drive North Koreans back across 38th parallel and attempt to unify the country
  • China enters pushing the UN forces back
air power in korean conflict
Air Power in Korean Conflict
  • First use of jet fighters on both sides
  • MiG-15 outperforms F-80
  • MiG-15 retreats back to bases in China
  • Airspace south of Yalu known as “MiG Alley”
  • F-86 Sabre proves superior to the MiG-15
    • Kill ratio of 10-to-1
results of korean conflict
Results of Korean Conflict
  • Counterland
    • Interdiction
    • Close-Air Support
deterrence and missile development
Deterrence and Missile Development
  • Snark
  • Atlas, Titan
  • Minuteman becomes the mainstay of SAC’s missile retaliatory force
  • NORAD established in 1957
  • Single Integrated Operational Plan for using nuclear weapons (SIOP)
cuban missile crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis
  • U-2 Reconnaissance plane details Soviet missile launchers in Cuba
  • Missile force placed on alert status
  • President Kennedy chooses option of naval quarantine
  • Soviet Union backs down
  • “Flexible Response” doctrine evolves
summary
Summary
  • General Curtis LeMay
  • Korean Conflict
    • US Intervention
    • Air Power
    • Results
  • ICBMs
    • Development
    • Cuban Missile Crisis