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UN and Korea. March 17, 2013. The Cold War in the East. Map: Turn your paper over to the Cold War in Asia side. Take a RED or PINK colored pencil and color in the USSR . . The Cold War in the East. Then color Mongolia RED or PINK as it came under Soviet influence in the 1920s.

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un and korea

UN and Korea

March 17, 2013

the cold war in the east
The Cold War in the East
  • Map: Turn your paper over to the Cold War in Asia side.
  • Take a RED or PINK colored pencil and color in the USSR.
the cold war in the east1
The Cold War in the East
  • Then color Mongolia RED or PINK as it came under Soviet influence in the 1920s.
slide6

Mao’s Communist Revolution: 1949

China Becomes Communist in spite of Western intervention

slide7

Taiwan! Still Capitalist! Now known as Nationalist China

Now color in the NEW communist Countries in Asia: China and Manchuria

vocab 7
Vocab #7

United NationsAn international peacekeeping organization

founded in 1945 to provide security to the

nations of the world.

the signing of the un charter in san francisco opera house 1945
The signing of the UN Charter in San Francisco (Opera House) 1945

There were 51 original signers (nations) to the UN charter.

Today there are 193 nations of the UN.

an international territory
An international territory
  • The UN Headquarters is an international territory owned by the United Nations. No federal, state or local officer or official of the United States, except with the consent of and under conditions agreed to by the Secretary-General of the Organization.
  • However, the United Nations is bound by an agreement with its host country to prevent its Headquarters from being used as a refuge for persons who are avoiding arrest or who are fighting for extradition to another country.
  • On the site, the UN has its own fire fighting and security forces and its own post office branch, with special provision for UN stamps.
the united nations was created to do 3 things
The United Nations was created to do 3 things:
  • Peacefully solve problems between countries
  • End Colonialism and make new countries out of old colonies
  • Put war leaders on trial for atrocities
slide17

Leadership:

  • There have been 8 Secretary-Generals since 1945.
  • The current Secretary-General is

Ban Ki-moon of S. Korea.

slide18

Organization of the United Nations:

General Assembly- Is like a “World Congress”.

  • 2/3 Majority required to pass a vote.
  • Resolutions are not binding.
  • No control over Peace and Security Matters within a country.

The UN Security Council-15 countries, 5 permanent members with Veto power for all issues: USSR, USA, France, Britain, China. All Security Council decisions are binding and must be carried out by countries in the UN.

  • Controls the UN Armed Forces and all military operations.
slide19

Organization of the United Nations:

Economic and Social Council- This group promotes development of international economic and social programs like promoting equality for women in the workplace and loans for technology and science programs.

International Court of Justice- This is the court where international disputes, war crimes, illegal state interference and crimes against humanity are heard and judged.

UN Secretariat- This group caries out the business of the UN and makes a reality of the directives it gets from the other organizations.

on your map
On your map:

Fill in #9 on your map. Use this

symbol in the USSR. Find info

In your 17.1 notes or p. 535.

the principles of the united nations
The Principles of the United Nations

All Member States have sovereign equality.

All Member States must obey the Charter.

Countries must try to settle their differences by peaceful means.

Countries must avoid using force or threatening to use force.

The UN may not interfere in the domestic affairs of any country.

Countries should try to assist the United Nations.

typical un programs
Typical UN Programs:

UNICEF- Medical, nutritional and educational help for poor children around the world.

UNESCO- Helping develop education, science and culture around the world.

WHO- Tracking and intervening in world health issues.

World Bank- International development loans

WFP- Food program to transfer food from wealthy countries to areas of starvation

typical un actions
Typical UN Actions:

Responding to natural disasters like the south Asian tsunami that took out Acre.

Brokering a peace deal during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Fighting the Korean War.

Looking for Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq and Iran.

Wiping out Small Pox and Polio.

Holding war crimes trials like the Nuremberg Trials after WWII and the Genocide trials after Kosovo.

sept 2013 opening session
Sept, 2013 Opening Session

Mr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, President of Nigeria

Mrs. Dilma Rousseff, President of Brazil

His Majesty King Abdullah II Bin Al Hussein, King of Jordan

more speakers would they meet each other
More speakers: Would they meet each other?

Mr. Barack Obama, President of US

Mr. Hassan Rouhani, President of Iran

containment
Containment
  • U.S. policy using military, economic, and diplomatic strategies directed at blocking the expansion of communism and enhancing America’s security and influence abroad.
at the end of wwii
At the end of WWII

Japanese control of Korea ended but the nation was divided into 2 countries.

North Korea was controlled by the USSR.

South Korea was controlled by a dictatorship.

In 1950, North Korea attempted to reunite the country by invading South Korea.