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Halbert Jones, Ph.D.
Office of the Historian
U.S. Department of State
The views expressed and interpretations presented in this session are those of the presenter and not necessarily those of the U.S. Department of State or the U.S. Government.
For access to scanned images of pre-1960 FRUS volumes, fully searchable.
For information on the National Archives and for direct online access, through AAD link, to post-1973 diplomatic records (cables).
“Mexico is the perfect dictatorship. The perfect dictatorship is not communism. It is not the USSR. It is not Fidel Castro. The perfect dictatorship is Mexico….”
- Mario Vargas Llosa, 1990
Cold War’s impact on Mexico less obvious than its effects on many other countries in the region:
Historians have pointed to:
Cold War atmosphere made possible:
Federal Penal Code
Imprisonment from two to twelve years and a fine from a thousand to ten thousand pesos will be applied to the foreigner or Mexican national who in spoken or written form, or by any other means, carries out political propaganda among foreigners or among Mexican nationals, spreading ideas, programs or norms of action of any foreign government that disturb public order or affect the sovereignty of the Mexican State.
Miguel Alemán (1946-1952)
Adolfo Ruiz Cortines (1952-1958)
Adolfo López Mateos (1958-1964)
Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (1964-1970)
Luis Echeverría (1970-1976)
José López Portillo (1976-1982)
Miguel de la Madrid (1982-1988)
Carlos Salinas (1988-1994)
Nikita Khrushchev, in response to the suggestion that Soviet aircraft could land in Mexico after bombing the United States:
“What do you think Mexico is – our mother-in-law? You think we can simply go calling any time we want?”