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What information is in a SEED? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What information is in a SEED? Seed DNA Technology Rice gnome Information capacity = 466 million A/T/G/C = 466*2/8 MB = 116.5 MB. Stored in nucleus = 2.5 µm radius = 65.45 µm 3 Pen Drive Size of a cell: = 0.025X0.03 µm 3 Required space for 116.5 MB = 733 X10 3 µm 3

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dna technology
DNA Technology

Rice gnome

Information capacity

= 466 million A/T/G/C

= 466*2/8 MB

= 116.5 MB.

Stored in nucleus

= 2.5 µm radius

= 65.45 µm3

pen drive
Pen Drive

Size of a cell:

= 0.025X0.03 µm3

Required space for 116.5 MB

= 733 X103 µm3

Space ratio for storing 116.5 MB:

  • Rice cell nucleus is 11 thousand times more compact than flash memory
  • Human nucleus has 1.6GB information and is 1.57 lakhs time more compact than Flash memory of similar capacity
  • We have not considered other functionalities of a Nucleus !
    • E.g., a nucleus can reproduce itself autonomously

Is it wise to say that Man created Flash memorywhileNUCLEUS is created in a natural/random process without a Creator


where is the creator
Where is the Creator?

Where is the owner of this thing?

The fish need to know what pond is first?


Where do we live? A simple view

Solar System

Milkyway Galaxy


Universe !!



Galaxy Cluster


Planetary system



how large is the universe

Farthest space probe.

  • Speed: about 17km/s
  • Distance from earth, as on May, 2008:
    • 16 billion km
    • 14 light hour

Milkyway Galaxy

How large is the Universe?


  • What we see in the night sky is the past – 1 year to 1 million year old picture of the visible universe!
  • The Visible Universe is a well designed system in perfect harmony.
    • Cosmic objects are orbiting/moving in their own path.
    • In a regular manner
    • In a fixed speed
  • Creator created all these from nothing (Big Bang)
  • Creator is not within His creation.
  • The fish now atleast knows that the thing he lives in is a Pond !
is death the end
Is death the end?
  • What is death?
    • NDE: clinically dead then comes back to life
    • Coma: clinically alive but has no consciousness for long time.
    • So scientifically we don’t understand death!
  • Death is the end of our body.
  • What about our soul, the element that is constantly speaking within us!
    • How much do we know about the soul?
    • Can we prove that the soul also dies?
  • Hence, we don’t understand death neither we can prove it to be the end.
  • If death were the end then there is no meaning of life!
    • Why are we doing all the hard work?
    • Why are we honest then? Whey do we build?
    • Go enjoy the life! Get money in whatever means you can.
    • Why do we take children? They become just burden. Look at the West.
science religion a simple view
Science & Religion a simple view
  • What is science?
    • Systematic knowledge of what we can comprehend
    • Shows what we don’t know as well – the frontier
    • Rejects anything that is not provable though it exists

Facts : proven knowledge of what we can comprehend. E.g. Newton’s law of motion.


Hypothesis/Theory: not proven or fully understood; e.g. Darwin’s theory, Cancer research

Belief: we feel but can not explain with our current knowledge; e.g. Soul, Life, Death

Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.

– Albert Einstein


major religions



Date of Origin




1500 BC

Upanishad, Vedas, Gita, Mahabharat



30 AD




622 AD

Quran, Ahadith

Major Religions



/ Prophet

Book from

Creator ?



a book from the creator
A Book from the Creator?
  • Expected properties of such a Book:
    • Immense intelligence of the Creator should be reflected.
    • His book should be unparallel in every aspect.
    • There should be no errors (syntactical & semantically).
    • His book should provide guidance for mankind.
  • Religious scriptures are believed to be from the Creator.
  • The one we investigate here is the Quran.
some facts about quran
Some Facts about Quran
  • Quran was revealed, part by part in 22.5 years, 1400 years ago in Arabic.
  • Entire Quran was memorized by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and many of his companions before it was compiled as a book.
  • Today about 10 million people bear the entire Quran in memory.
  • Some characteristics:
    • It is poetic / rhythmic & easy for memorization
    • It prescribes a way of life in simple, straight forward manner.
      • The Quran is composed of about 2000 different root words.
    • About 1000 verse in Quran mentions scientific facts many of which are discovered in last 100 years.
    • It has some integrated error-checking mechanisms.
numerical compositions in quran
Numerical Compositions in Quran

Noisy Transmission Line



  • In verse 16 to 31 of Sura 74, it has been mentioned that
    • “… he had been stubborn to My revelations… he turned away in pride and said: This is nothing else than magic from old; This is nothing else than speech of mortal man. Soon will I cast him into Hell-Fire! … Over it are nineteen. And I have set none but angels as Guardians of the Fire; and I have fixed their number only as a trial for Unbelievers,- in order that the People of the Book may arrive at certainty, and the Believers may increase in Faith,- and that no doubts may be left for the People of the Book and the Believers, and that those in whose hearts is a disease and the Unbelievers may say, "What symbol doth Allah intend by this?“ … “








Same if there was no

error in transmission

numerical compositions in quran17
Numerical Compositions in Quran
  • There are many types of 19-based encoding in Quran
  • The full encoding is not known yet
  • We present example of three encoding types here:
    • Book wide checksum of 19
    • Chapter wide checksum of 19
    • Semantic reflection in word repetition
example of book wide 19 checksum
Example of Book wide 19-checksum
  • This signature exhibits following properties:
    • It has exactly 19 letters
    • It occurs in the entire Book 114 (= 19X6) times
    • Occurrence of each word in the entire book :
      • ISM : occurs 19 times
      • ALLAH : occurs 2698 (19 X 142) times
      • AR-RAHMAN: occurs 57 (19 X 3) times
      • AR-RAHYM: occurs 114 (19 X 6) times
chapter wide checksum
Chapter wide checksum
  • In Quran, many chapter starts with standalone letters.
  • Repetition of these letters in corresponding chapter are multiple of 19.
  • Example:
    • Sura 50. has letter ق 57 (19X3) times in it
    • Sura 36. has letter ى 237 time and س 48 times; a total of

285 (19X15) times

semantic reflection in word repetition
Semantic Reflection in Word Repetition
  • Repetition count of some words and their antonyms :

There are many more …

  • We have discussed the following questions:
    • Is there any Creator ?
    • Is Death the end ?
    • Is there any message from the Creator ?


Is Death

the end ?


Ignore all the signs of the CREATOR

Acquire knowledge on CREATOR & Hearafter

Enjoy Life?

Live according to the rules of the CREATOR