Biosocial Approach Gender Development. Gender Characteristics, whether biological or socially influenced, by which people define male and female . Women . Men. Describe themselves in more relational terms Experience more relationship-linked emotions More empathetic
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Why are men seen as the “breadwinners” or hunter gatherers?
Why are women often given the role of homemaker and child minder?
Does our society today still benefit from gender roles or is it becoming more similar?
Money and Ehrhardt (1972)
Eagly and Wood (1999)
Are these differences a cause or an outcome?
Eagly and Wood (2002) – hormonal differences may be an outcome of social roles e.g. testosterone as a result of engaging in more active and competitive activities
Eagly and Wood
Human behaviour is mainly an invention or outcome of a particular society or culture
Behaviours are best explained in the context in which thy occur
High ethical appeal if sex roles are perceived as more flexible
37 cultures examined
Eagly & Wood (1999)
However, Gangestad et al (2006)
Re-examined same data
Gender equality not related to sex
Therefore evolutionary theory better