class 10b diffusion and popular culture l.
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Class 10b: Diffusion and popular culture. Basics of diffusion Sports: from folk to popular The blues: from Mali to Memphis. Definitions. Diffusion: the process by which some characteristic spreads over space Concepts or ideas Practices or activities Material objects, diseases

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class 10b diffusion and popular culture
Class 10b: Diffusion and popular culture
  • Basics of diffusion
  • Sports: from folk to popular
  • The blues: from Mali to Memphis
definitions
Definitions
  • Diffusion: the process by which some characteristic spreads over space
    • Concepts or ideas
    • Practices or activities
    • Material objects, diseases
  • Hearth: where a characteristic originates
relocation diffusion
Relocation diffusion
  • Spread through physical movement of people
  • Languages to Western Hemisphere
  • Islam to North Africa, Spain
  • Foods to and from New World
expansion diffusion
Expansion diffusion
  • “Snowball” method of diffusion
  • Spread from person to person in place
  • Diseases through Western Hemisphere
  • Democracy from U.S. to France
  • Christianity in Roman Empire
contagious diffusion
Contagious diffusion
  • Person-to-person contact
  • Distance-decay effect
  • S-shaped adoption curve
hierarchical diffusion
Hierarchical diffusion
  • Among levels of a hierarchy
  • Usually top-down
  • Based on cities or organizations
diffusion of folk vs popular culture
Diffusion of folk vs. popular culture
  • Folk culture
    • Anonymous or multiple hearths
    • Relocation, not expansion
  • Popular culture
    • Deliberate innovation, advanced economies
    • Mass production
    • Expansion (hierarchical or contagious)
diffusion and sports soccer
Diffusion and sports: soccer
  • English, Scots, Vikings, Romans, Greeks, Egyptians, Assyrians, Persians, Chinese, Japanese, Toltecs, Native Americans
  • Folk origin: 11th century England
  • Village-wide contests
  • Banned between late 1300s and 1600
diffusion and sports soccer13
Diffusion and sports: soccer
  • Transition to popular culture
  • Industrial Revolution: more time, income
    • Professional soccer leagues (1863)
    • Standardized rules
    • Distinguished from rugby
diffusion and sports soccer14
Diffusion and sports: soccer
  • Spread by contagious diffusion
    • Exchange students from Netherlands
    • English engineers to Spain
    • Expatriates throughout British Empire
  • Rugby modified in U.S.: American football
  • Rapid spread through television
diffusion and sports baseball
Diffusion and sports: baseball
  • Based on British “rounders”
  • 1846: first game with U.S. rules: leisure game for wealthy
  • Contagious diffusion via Union Army
  • 1871: first professional league
  • 1903: first “World” Series
diffusion and sports baseball16
Diffusion and sports: baseball
  • Relocation diffusion
    • Via military: Japan, Caribbean
    • Via elite students: Latin America
  • Shifting center of population
  • New leagues; real World Series?
diffusion and music the blues
Diffusion and music: the blues
  • Folk music of African-Americans
  • Based on slavery, religion
    • Call-and-response
    • Hidden messages
    • Subject matter
diffusion and music the blues19
Diffusion and music: the blues
  • Hearth: Mississippi Delta
  • Relocation diffusion: Memphis, Chicago, Texas, St. Louis, Detroit, Piedmont
  • Contagious diffusion: radio, TV
  • Popular culture: jazz, rock-and-roll, hip-hop
diffusion and music the blues22
Diffusion and music: the blues
  • Original hearth: Africa?
  • Similar sounds, rhythms
  • Griot or traveling storyteller/musician
  • Banjo/guitar, percussion